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Effects of Modified T'ai Chi on Symptoms in Older Adults With Osteoarthritis

This study has been completed.
Information provided by:
University of Kansas Identifier:
First received: June 11, 2007
Last updated: NA
Last verified: June 2007
History: No changes posted

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of TC for Arthritis on physical function, pain, and stiffness in older adults with knee/hip OA. Two hypotheses were tested:

  1. Individuals in the TC group will demonstrate greater improvements in physical function compared to control group participants.
  2. Individuals in the TC group will demonstrate greater decreases in pain and stiffness compared to control group participants.

Condition Intervention Phase
Behavioral: Modified T'ai Chi: T'ai Chi for Arthritis
Phase 1

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Non-Randomized
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Effects of Modified T’ai Chi Exercise on Physical Function, Pain, and Stiffness in Older Adults With Lower Extremity Osteoarthritis

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by University of Kansas:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • physical function [ Time Frame: 8 weeks ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • pain and stiffness [ Time Frame: 8 weeks ]

Enrollment: 30
Study Start Date: January 2006
Study Completion Date: April 2006
Detailed Description:

Exercise is considered a vital component of osteoarthritis (OA) treatment. T’ai Chi (TC) is a unique exercise intervention with low-velocity movements. Few studies have addressed the effects of TC on arthritis symptoms and function. TC for Arthritis was modified specifically for people with OA and consists of a standardized set of forms.

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of a low-dose TC for Arthritis on physical function, pain, and stiffness in individuals with OA.

Twenty-seven older adults with OA (mean age-81.3 years) completed an 8 week non-randomized controlled pre-post test quasi-experimental design study of TC for Arthritis. Physical function, pain, and stiffness were measured at baseline and 8 weeks for the TC and control groups using the WOMAC™ 3.1 Index. Qualitative data from interviews and participant observations were analyzed in order to understand the participants’ expectations and experiences with TC.


Ages Eligible for Study:   60 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Ability to walk independently,
  • Speak and understand English,
  • Understand the consent process; and
  • Give informed consent.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Participation in rehabilitation or another TC class,
  • At the time of recruitment; and
  • Inability to confirm medical stability for safe participation with healthcare provider.
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT00485043

Sponsors and Collaborators
University of Kansas
Study Chair: Cynthia Teel S. Teel, BSN, PhD University of Kansas Medical Center
Study Chair: Geraldine R. Neuberger, BSN, EdD University of Kansas Medical Center
  More Information Identifier: NCT00485043     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: KUMC-JCarpenter dissertation-1
Study First Received: June 11, 2007
Last Updated: June 11, 2007

Keywords provided by University of Kansas:
T'ai Chi
Older adults

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Joint Diseases
Musculoskeletal Diseases
Rheumatic Diseases processed this record on May 24, 2017