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Effects of Modified T'ai Chi on Symptoms in Older Adults With Osteoarthritis

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00485043
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : June 12, 2007
Last Update Posted : June 12, 2007
Sponsor:
Information provided by:
University of Kansas

Brief Summary:

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of TC for Arthritis on physical function, pain, and stiffness in older adults with knee/hip OA. Two hypotheses were tested:

  1. Individuals in the TC group will demonstrate greater improvements in physical function compared to control group participants.
  2. Individuals in the TC group will demonstrate greater decreases in pain and stiffness compared to control group participants.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Osteoarthritis Behavioral: Modified T'ai Chi: T'ai Chi for Arthritis Phase 1

Detailed Description:

Exercise is considered a vital component of osteoarthritis (OA) treatment. T’ai Chi (TC) is a unique exercise intervention with low-velocity movements. Few studies have addressed the effects of TC on arthritis symptoms and function. TC for Arthritis was modified specifically for people with OA and consists of a standardized set of forms.

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of a low-dose TC for Arthritis on physical function, pain, and stiffness in individuals with OA.

Twenty-seven older adults with OA (mean age-81.3 years) completed an 8 week non-randomized controlled pre-post test quasi-experimental design study of TC for Arthritis. Physical function, pain, and stiffness were measured at baseline and 8 weeks for the TC and control groups using the WOMAC™ 3.1 Index. Qualitative data from interviews and participant observations were analyzed in order to understand the participants’ expectations and experiences with TC.


Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 30 participants
Allocation: Non-Randomized
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Effects of Modified T’ai Chi Exercise on Physical Function, Pain, and Stiffness in Older Adults With Lower Extremity Osteoarthritis
Study Start Date : January 2006
Actual Study Completion Date : April 2006

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine





Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. physical function [ Time Frame: 8 weeks ]

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. pain and stiffness [ Time Frame: 8 weeks ]


Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   60 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Ability to walk independently,
  • Speak and understand English,
  • Understand the consent process; and
  • Give informed consent.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Participation in rehabilitation or another TC class,
  • At the time of recruitment; and
  • Inability to confirm medical stability for safe participation with healthcare provider.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT00485043


Sponsors and Collaborators
University of Kansas
Investigators
Study Chair: Cynthia Teel S. Teel, BSN, PhD University of Kansas Medical Center
Study Chair: Geraldine R. Neuberger, BSN, EdD University of Kansas Medical Center

ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00485043     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: KUMC-JCarpenter dissertation-1
First Posted: June 12, 2007    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: June 12, 2007
Last Verified: June 2007

Keywords provided by University of Kansas:
T'ai Chi
Osteoarthritis
Exercise
Older adults

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Osteoarthritis
Arthritis
Joint Diseases
Musculoskeletal Diseases
Rheumatic Diseases