We're building a better ClinicalTrials.gov. Check it out and tell us what you think!
ClinicalTrials.gov Menu

Phase 2 Anastrozole and Vandetanib (ZD6474) in Neoadjuvant Treatment of Postmenopausal Hormone Receptor-Positive Breast Cancer

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00481845
Recruitment Status : Terminated (Low accrual)
First Posted : June 4, 2007
Results First Posted : February 7, 2017
Last Update Posted : February 7, 2017
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Mark Pegram, Stanford University

Brief Summary:
In this study we plan to study the combination of ZD6474, a dual inhibitor of EGFR and VEGFR-2 with anastrozole in the neoadjuvant setting for patients with Stage I-III breast cancer. The aim is to overcome mechanisms of resistance and simultaneously block multiple critical signaling pathways known to stimulate breast cancer.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Breast Cancer Drug: Vandetanib Drug: Anastrozole Phase 2

Detailed Description:

The use of adjuvant chemotherapy and endocrine therapy has had a significant impact on breast cancer survival. However, not all patients will benefit from each of these therapies. Increasing data suggests that patients with hormone receptor-positive breast cancer derive marginal benefit from the addition of adjuvant chemotherapy. Identification and characterization of cellular signaling pathways active in the pathogenesis of breast cancer has lead to the development of multiple targeted therapies that hold enormous promise for patients with less toxicity than conventional chemotherapy. Treatment strategies employing neoadjuvant therapy have found that pCR is predictive for ultimate outcome. Due to this, the use of neoadjuvant therapy has become an intense area of investigation in operable breast cancer. In the IMPACT trial, the aromatase inhibitor anastrozole was found to improve eligibility for breast conservation and was associated with a favorable clinical objective response after 12 weeks of therapy.

In this proposed study, we plan to study the combination of ZD6474, a dual inhibitor of EGFR and VEGFR-2, with anastrozole in the neoadjuvant setting for patients with Stage I-III breast cancer. The aim is to overcome mechanisms of resistance and simultaneously block multiple critical signaling pathways known to stimulate breast cancer. The two agents have non-overlapping toxicities and are both administered orally, allowing for a more tolerable treatment regimen. By using this combination in the neoadjuvant setting, we will target the critical signaling pathways early and follow tumor responses during therapy, allowing for prompt evaluation of the effectiveness of this treatment strategy. Pathologic tumor specimens obtained at the time of definitive surgery will be evaluated for pathologic complete response thus adding to the body of literature. By examining molecular markers such as ER, PR, EGFR, and Ki-67 pre- and post-treatment, we hope to correlate modulations in these biomarkers to response. Finally, using a novel second generation functional breast MRI we will investigate the ability of MRI to predict response to antiangiogenic therapy.

Layout table for study information
Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 1 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Randomized Phase 2 Trial of Anastrozole Combined With Novel Agent ZD6474 in the Neoadjuvant Treatment of Postmenopausal Patients With Hormone Receptor-Positive Breast Cancer
Study Start Date : January 2008
Actual Primary Completion Date : December 2009
Actual Study Completion Date : December 2009

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Vandetanib + Anastrozole
Vandetanib and Anastrozole as neoadjuvant therapy
Drug: Vandetanib
300 mg daily
Other Names:
  • Zactima
  • ZD6474

Drug: Anastrozole
1 mg daily
Other Name: Arimidex

Active Comparator: Anastrozole
Anastrozole as neoadjuvant therapy
Drug: Anastrozole
1 mg daily
Other Name: Arimidex

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Tumor Objective Response by MRI [ Time Frame: 1 year ]
    Determine tumor objective response rate by MRI. (CR): Disappearance of the target lesion (PR): At least a 30% decrease in the longest diameter of the target lesion taking as reference the baseline LD (PD): At least a 20% increase in the LD of target lesion, taking as reference the baseline LD or the appearance of one or more new lesions (SD): Neither sufficient shrinkage to qualify for PR nor sufficient increase to qualify for PD, taking as reference the baseline LD.

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Pathologic Complete Response [ Time Frame: 1 year ]

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.

Layout table for eligibility information
Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   Female
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

Histologically confirmed invasive, hormone receptor-positive (ER and/or PR positive) breast cancer

  • Stage I-III breast cancer including any primary tumor ≥ 1 cm by ultrasound
  • Diagnosis by core needle biopsy with placement of metallic clip at tumor site
  • Sentinel lymph node biopsy (US-guided FNA may be substituted if palpable axillary lymphadenopathy)
  • Evaluation by a surgeon to determine eligibility for breast conservation
  • Postmenopausal status (age ≥ 60 yo; or < 60 yo and FSH and estradiol in the postmenopausal range, prior bilateral oophorectomy)
  • Serum creatinine < 1.5 x upper limit of normal (ULN) or creatinine clearance > 50 mL/minute (calculated by Cockcroft-Gault formula.)
  • Serum bilirubin < 1.5 x ULN
  • Serum potassium ≥ 4 mmol/L (supplementation allowed)
  • Serum calcium or magnesium within normal range (supplementation allowed)
  • Alanine aminotransferase (ALT) or aspartate aminotransferase (AST) ≤ 2.5 x ULN or alkaline phosphatase (ALP) ≤ 2.5 x ULN
  • ECOG Performance Status 0,1,2
  • ECG QTc < 480 msec
  • Measurable disease
  • Written, informed consent

Exclusion Criteria:- Inflammatory breast cancer

  • Metastatic breast cancer excluding disease in regional lymph nodes
  • Inoperable disease considered irreversible with neoadjuvant endocrine therapy
  • HER2-overexpressed breast cancer
  • Prior chemotherapy or radiotherapy for the treatment of the current breast cancer
  • Prior hormonal therapy for the treatment of the current breast cancer
  • Prior surgical biopsy, lumpectomy, mastectomy for the current breast cancer
  • Any concurrent condition which in the Investigator's opinion makes it inappropriate for the patient to participate in the trial or which would jeopardize compliance with the protocol
  • Currently active diarrhea that may affect the ability of the patient to absorb ZD6474 or tolerate diarrhea
  • Clinically significant cardiac event such as myocardial infarction; New York Heart Association (NYHA) classification of heart disease >2 within 3 months before entry; or presence of cardiac disease that, in the opinion of the Investigator, increases the risk of ventricular arrhythmia.
  • History of arrhythmia (multifocal premature ventricular contractions (PVCs), bigeminy, trigeminy, ventricular tachycardia (VT) or uncontrolled atrial fibrillation) which is symptomatic or requires treatment (CTCAE grade 3) or asymptomatic sustained VT. Atrial fibrillation controlled on medication is not excluded.
  • Previous history of QTc prolongation as a result of another medication that required discontinuation of that medication.
  • Congenital long QT syndrome or 1st degree relative with unexplained sudden death < 40 years of age.
  • Presence of left bundle branch block (LBBB).
  • QTc with Bazett's correction that is unmeasurable, or ≥ 480 msec on screening ECG. If a patient has QTc ≥ 480 msec on screening ECG, the screen ECG may be repeated twice (at least 24 hours apart). The average QTc from the three screening ECGs must be < 480 msec in order for the patient to be eligible for the study.
  • Use of any concomitant medication that may cause QTc prolongation, induce Torsades de Pointes or induce CYP3A4 function.
  • Hypertension not controlled by medical therapy (systolic blood pressure greater than 160 mm Hg or diastolic blood pressure greater than 100 mm hg).
  • Previous or current malignancies of other histologies within the last 5 years, with the exception of cervical carcinoma in situ and adequately treated basal cell or squamous cell carcinoma of the skin.
  • Major surgery within 4 weeks or incompletely healed surgical incision before starting study therapy.
  • Receipt of any investigational agents within 30 days prior to commencing study treatment
  • Previous enrollment or randomization of treatment in the present study

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT00481845

Layout table for location information
United States, California
Stanford University School of Medicine
Stanford, California, United States, 94305
Sponsors and Collaborators
Stanford University
Layout table for investigator information
Principal Investigator: Mark D Pegram, MD Stanford Cancer Institute, Stanford University Medical Center
Layout table for additonal information
Responsible Party: Mark Pegram, Susy Yuan-Huey Hung Professor, Stanford University
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00481845    
Other Study ID Numbers: IRB-08051
BRSADJ0008 ( Other Identifier: OnCore )
97923 ( Other Identifier: Stanford University Alternate IRB Approval Number )
First Posted: June 4, 2007    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: February 7, 2017
Last Update Posted: February 7, 2017
Last Verified: December 2016
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Layout table for MeSH terms
Breast Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Breast Diseases
Skin Diseases
Antineoplastic Agents, Hormonal
Antineoplastic Agents
Aromatase Inhibitors
Steroid Synthesis Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Estrogen Antagonists
Hormone Antagonists
Hormones, Hormone Substitutes, and Hormone Antagonists
Physiological Effects of Drugs