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Phase I Trial of Gene Vector to Patients With Retinal Disease Due to RPE65 Mutations (LCA)

This study is ongoing, but not recruiting participants.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
First Posted: June 1, 2007
Last Update Posted: August 24, 2017
The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
National Eye Institute (NEI)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
University of Pennsylvania

A recombinant adeno-associated virus serotype 2 (rAAV2) vector has been altered to carry the human RPE65 (hRPE65) gene. This vector has been shown to restore vision in animal models that resemble human RPE65-associated Leber congenital amaurosis (LCA), an incurable retinal degeneration that causes severe vision loss. The proposed study is an open label, Phase I clinical trial of subretinal rAAV2-CBSB-hRPE65 administration to individuals with RPE65-associated retinal disease. Five cohorts will be included in this trial. Cohorts 1, 2 and 4 will consist of individuals 18 years of age and older. Cohorts 3 and 5 will consist of individuals between the ages of 8 and 17, inclusive. Enrollment in Cohorts 3 and 5 will begin only after confirming the safety of rAAV2-CBSB-hRPE65 administration in the older groups of participants. This trial will lead to a greater understanding of the safety and thereby potential value of gene transfer in RPE65-associated retinal disease and will have implications for other forms of retinal degenerative disease amenable to this type of intervention.

The goal of this clinical trial is to determine the safety of uniocular subretinal administration of rAAV2-CBSB-hRPE65 in individuals with RPE65-associated retinal disease. Ocular and systemic toxicity will be assessed prior to and following vector administration to determine if there are adverse changes that may be associated with vector administration.

Condition Intervention Phase
Amaurosis of Leber Retinal Diseases Genetic: rAAV2-CBSB-hRPE65 Phase 1

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Phase I Trial of Ocular Subretinal Injection of a Recombinant Adeno-Associated Virus (rAAV2-CBSB-hRPE65) Gene Vector to Patients With Retinal Disease Due to RPE65 Mutations (Clinical Trials of Gene Therapy for Leber Congenital Amaurosis)

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by University of Pennsylvania:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • The primary safety endpoint in this trial is the standard ocular examination. Toxicity will also be assessed by measurement of vision, hematology and serum chemistries, assays for vector genomes, reported subject history of symptoms and adverse events. [ Time Frame: 15 years ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Visual function will be quantified prior to and after vector administration in order to determine whether vector administration affects visual function. [ Time Frame: 15 years ]

Estimated Enrollment: 15
Study Start Date: July 2007
Estimated Study Completion Date: June 2026
Estimated Primary Completion Date: June 2026 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Experimental
All clinical trial subjects received the same vector.
Genetic: rAAV2-CBSB-hRPE65
One or two, uniocular, subretinal injections; relative doses: 0.3X (Cohort 1), 0.6X (Cohort 2), 0.45X (Cohort 3), 0.9X (Cohorts 4 and 5)


Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   8 Years and older   (Child, Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • RPE65-associated retinal disease (two disease-causing RPE65 mutations);
  • Clinical diagnosis of Leber congenital amaurosis (LCA)/early-onset retinal degeneration (EORD) and of severely impaired visual and retinal function, and best corrected visual acuity of 20/40 or worse in the study eye;
  • Ability to perform tests of visual and retinal function;
  • Visible photoreceptor layer on a standard OCT scan;
  • Good general health;
  • Ability to comply with research procedures;
  • Specific for Cohorts 1, 2 and 4: 18 years of age and older;
  • Specific for Cohorts 3 and 5: Between 8 and 17 years of age, inclusive.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • AAV antibody titers greater than two standard deviations above normal at baseline;
  • Humoral immune deficiency as evidenced by low tetanus toxoid IgG antibody titers;
  • Pre-existing eye conditions that would preclude the planned surgery or interfere with the interpretation of study endpoints or surgical complications;
  • Complicating systemic diseases;
  • Use of anti-platelet agents that may alter coagulation within 7 days prior to study agent administration;
  • Use of immunosuppressive medications;
  • Pregnancy or breastfeeding;
  • Individuals (males and females) of childbearing potential who are unwilling to use effective contraception;
  • Any condition that would prevent a subject from completing follow-up examinations during the course of the study;
  • Any condition that makes the subject unsuitable for the study;
  • Current, or recent participation, in any other research protocol involving investigational agents or therapies;
  • Recent receipt of an investigational biologic therapeutic agent.
  Contacts and Locations
Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT00481546

United States, Florida
Shands Children's Hospital, University of Florida
Gainesville, Florida, United States, 32610
United States, Pennsylvania
Scheie Eye Institute, University of Pennsylvania
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States, 19104
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of Pennsylvania
National Eye Institute (NEI)
Principal Investigator: Samuel G. Jacobson, MD, PhD University of Pennsylvania
  More Information

Cideciyan AV, Aleman TS, Boye SL, Schwartz SB, Kaushal S, Roman AJ, Pang JJ, Sumaroka A, Windsor EA, Wilson JM, Flotte TR, Fishman GA, Heon E, Stone EM, Byrne BJ, Jacobson SG, Hauswirth WW. Human gene therapy for RPE65 isomerase deficiency activates the retinoid cycle of vision but with slow rod kinetics. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2008 Sep 30;105(39):15112-7. doi: 10.1073/pnas.0807027105. Epub 2008 Sep 22.
Hauswirth WW, Aleman TS, Kaushal S, Cideciyan AV, Schwartz SB, Wang L, Conlon TJ, Boye SL, Flotte TR, Byrne BJ, Jacobson SG. Treatment of leber congenital amaurosis due to RPE65 mutations by ocular subretinal injection of adeno-associated virus gene vector: short-term results of a phase I trial. Hum Gene Ther. 2008 Oct;19(10):979-90. doi: 10.1089/hum.2008.107.
Cideciyan AV, Hauswirth WW, Aleman TS, Kaushal S, Schwartz SB, Boye SL, Windsor EA, Conlon TJ, Sumaroka A, Pang JJ, Roman AJ, Byrne BJ, Jacobson SG. Human RPE65 gene therapy for Leber congenital amaurosis: persistence of early visual improvements and safety at 1 year. Hum Gene Ther. 2009 Sep;20(9):999-1004. doi: 10.1089/hum.2009.086.
Cideciyan AV, Hauswirth WW, Aleman TS, Kaushal S, Schwartz SB, Boye SL, Windsor EA, Conlon TJ, Sumaroka A, Roman AJ, Byrne BJ, Jacobson SG. Vision 1 year after gene therapy for Leber's congenital amaurosis. N Engl J Med. 2009 Aug 13;361(7):725-7. doi: 10.1056/NEJMc0903652.
Jacobson SG, Cideciyan AV, Ratnakaram R, Heon E, Schwartz SB, Roman AJ, Peden MC, Aleman TS, Boye SL, Sumaroka A, Conlon TJ, Calcedo R, Pang JJ, Erger KE, Olivares MB, Mullins CL, Swider M, Kaushal S, Feuer WJ, Iannaccone A, Fishman GA, Stone EM, Byrne BJ, Hauswirth WW. Gene therapy for leber congenital amaurosis caused by RPE65 mutations: safety and efficacy in 15 children and adults followed up to 3 years. Arch Ophthalmol. 2012 Jan;130(1):9-24. doi: 10.1001/archophthalmol.2011.298. Epub 2011 Sep 12.
Jacobson SG, Boye SL, Aleman TS, Conlon TJ, Zeiss CJ, Roman AJ, Cideciyan AV, Schwartz SB, Komaromy AM, Doobrajh M, Cheung AY, Sumaroka A, Pearce-Kelling SE, Aguirre GD, Kaushal S, Maguire AM, Flotte TR, Hauswirth WW. Safety in nonhuman primates of ocular AAV2-RPE65, a candidate treatment for blindness in Leber congenital amaurosis. Hum Gene Ther. 2006 Aug;17(8):845-58.
Jacobson SG, Acland GM, Aguirre GD, Aleman TS, Schwartz SB, Cideciyan AV, Zeiss CJ, Komaromy AM, Kaushal S, Roman AJ, Windsor EA, Sumaroka A, Pearce-Kelling SE, Conlon TJ, Chiodo VA, Boye SL, Flotte TR, Maguire AM, Bennett J, Hauswirth WW. Safety of recombinant adeno-associated virus type 2-RPE65 vector delivered by ocular subretinal injection. Mol Ther. 2006 Jun;13(6):1074-84. Epub 2006 Apr 27.
Acland GM, Aguirre GD, Bennett J, Aleman TS, Cideciyan AV, Bennicelli J, Dejneka NS, Pearce-Kelling SE, Maguire AM, Palczewski K, Hauswirth WW, Jacobson SG. Long-term restoration of rod and cone vision by single dose rAAV-mediated gene transfer to the retina in a canine model of childhood blindness. Mol Ther. 2005 Dec;12(6):1072-82. Epub 2005 Oct 14.
Jacobson SG, Aleman TS, Cideciyan AV, Sumaroka A, Schwartz SB, Windsor EA, Traboulsi EI, Heon E, Pittler SJ, Milam AH, Maguire AM, Palczewski K, Stone EM, Bennett J. Identifying photoreceptors in blind eyes caused by RPE65 mutations: Prerequisite for human gene therapy success. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2005 Apr 26;102(17):6177-82. Epub 2005 Apr 18.
Acland GM, Aguirre GD, Ray J, Zhang Q, Aleman TS, Cideciyan AV, Pearce-Kelling SE, Anand V, Zeng Y, Maguire AM, Jacobson SG, Hauswirth WW, Bennett J. Gene therapy restores vision in a canine model of childhood blindness. Nat Genet. 2001 May;28(1):92-5.
Jacobson SG, Aleman TS, Cideciyan AV, Heon E, Golczak M, Beltran WA, Sumaroka A, Schwartz SB, Roman AJ, Windsor EA, Wilson JM, Aguirre GD, Stone EM, Palczewski K. Human cone photoreceptor dependence on RPE65 isomerase. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2007 Sep 18;104(38):15123-8. Epub 2007 Sep 11.
Jacobson SG, Aleman TS, Cideciyan AV, Roman AJ, Sumaroka A, Windsor EA, Schwartz SB, Heon E, Stone EM. Defining the residual vision in leber congenital amaurosis caused by RPE65 mutations. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2009 May;50(5):2368-75. doi: 10.1167/iovs.08-2696. Epub 2008 Dec 30.
Jacobson SG, Cideciyan AV, Aleman TS, Sumaroka A, Windsor EA, Schwartz SB, Heon E, Stone EM. Photoreceptor layer topography in children with leber congenital amaurosis caused by RPE65 mutations. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2008 Oct;49(10):4573-7. doi: 10.1167/iovs.08-2121. Epub 2008 Jun 6.
Jacobson SG, Cideciyan AV. Treatment possibilities for retinitis pigmentosa. N Engl J Med. 2010 Oct 21;363(17):1669-71. doi: 10.1056/NEJMcibr1007685.
Cideciyan AV. Leber congenital amaurosis due to RPE65 mutations and its treatment with gene therapy. Prog Retin Eye Res. 2010 Sep;29(5):398-427. doi: 10.1016/j.preteyeres.2010.04.002. Epub 2010 Apr 24. Review.

Publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
Responsible Party: University of Pennsylvania
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00481546     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 547233
Grant: 1 U10 EY017280-01;
UP IRB: 804582;
UP IBC: 06-105;
UF GCRC: 675;
UF IBC RD: 2795;
WIRB: 20061300
First Submitted: May 31, 2007
First Posted: June 1, 2007
Last Update Posted: August 24, 2017
Last Verified: August 2017

Keywords provided by University of Pennsylvania:
Leber congenital amaurosis
Retinal disease due to RPE65 mutations
RPE65-associated Leber congenital amaurosis

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Retinal Diseases
Leber Congenital Amaurosis
Eye Diseases
Vision Disorders
Sensation Disorders
Neurologic Manifestations
Nervous System Diseases
Signs and Symptoms
Eye Diseases, Hereditary

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