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Effects of a Low Glycemic Load Diet on Fatty Liver in Children (DELIVER)

This study has been completed.
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Boston Children’s Hospital Identifier:
First received: May 23, 2007
Last updated: August 25, 2011
Last verified: August 2011
There has been a recent increase in incidence of obesity and its associated morbidities, including T2 DM, hypertension and hepatic steatosis. Hepatic steatosis is a precursor to non-alcoholic steatohepatitis, cirrhosis and end-stage liver disease. The 1st reported case of pediatric hepatic steatosis was in 1980 and it is now affects 30-77% of overweight children. In addition to its association with obesity, hepatic steatosis has been associated with the metabolic syndrome, insulin resistance, and post-prandial hyperglycemia. Current treatment of hepatic steatosis includes weight loss with a hypocaloric low fat diet. Given the association with insulin resistance and post-prandial hyperglycemia, adult patients with hepatic steatosis that does not respond to weight loss are placed on insulin sensitizing drugs. We hypothesize that weight loss with a diet designed to decrease insulin resistance and post-prandial hyperglycemia, a low glycemic load diet, will provide a safe and effective way to decrease hepatic fat content in the pediatric population. This hypothesis will be tested with a randomized control trial comparing the effect of a low fat diet with a low glycemic load diet.

Condition Intervention
Hepatic Steatosis
Behavioral: Low glycemic load diet
Behavioral: Low fat diet

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Randomized Controlled Trial Comparing the Effects of a Low Glycemic Load Diet With a Low Fat Diet on Hepatic Steatosis in Overweight Children and Adolescents

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by Boston Children’s Hospital:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • percent liver fat as determined by nMR spectroscopy [ Time Frame: 6 months ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • hepatic steatosis as measured by T1 weighted MRI images [ Time Frame: 6 monhts ]
  • visceral fat [ Time Frame: 6 months ]
  • liver function tests [ Time Frame: 6 months ]
  • measures of oxidative stress [ Time Frame: 6 months ]
  • measures of chronic inflammation [ Time Frame: 6 months ]
  • insulin resistance [ Time Frame: 6 months ]
  • serum lipids [ Time Frame: 6 months ]
  • blood pressure [ Time Frame: 6 months ]
  • insulin secretion [ Time Frame: baseline ]
  • measures of glucose tolerance [ Time Frame: 6 months ]
  • adiponectin [ Time Frame: 6 months ]

Estimated Enrollment: 40
Study Start Date: May 2007
Study Completion Date: December 2009
Primary Completion Date: December 2009 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: 1
A low glycemic load diet
Behavioral: Low glycemic load diet
Outpatient behavioral counseling
Active Comparator: 2
Low fat diet
Behavioral: Low fat diet
Outpatient behavioral counseling


Ages Eligible for Study:   8 Years to 17 Years   (Child)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • BMI >95th percentile for age and sex
  • Weight <300 pounds
  • Ability to lie quietly in the MRI for approximately 45 minutes
  • Willing and able to attend all sessions.
  • Working telephone
  • Greater than or equal to 10% hepatic steatosis on nMR spectroscopy

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Any other medical condition besides obesity that may predispose to liver disease
  • Medications that affect liver metabolism
  • Any causes of chronic hepatitis
  • Diabetes
  • Inability to adhere to prescribed diets
  • Currently on high-dose vitamins and not willing to discontinue
  • Weight loss/gain in the past 6 months of >10% of total body weight.
  • Sibling of any subject who is already enrolled
  • Any alcohol consumption
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Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT00480922

United States, Massachusetts
Children's Hospital
Boston, Massachusetts, United States, 02115
Sponsors and Collaborators
Boston Children’s Hospital
Principal Investigator: David S Ludwig, MD, PhD Boston Children’s Hospital
  More Information

Publications automatically indexed to this study by Identifier (NCT Number):
Responsible Party: Boston Children’s Hospital Identifier: NCT00480922     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 07-03-0092 (completed)
Study First Received: May 23, 2007
Last Updated: August 25, 2011

Keywords provided by Boston Children’s Hospital:
non-alcoholic fatty liver disease
insulin resistance

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Fatty Liver
Liver Diseases
Digestive System Diseases processed this record on April 27, 2017