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Polymem vs. Bacitracin/Xeroform in Treating Burn Wounds

The recruitment status of this study is unknown. The completion date has passed and the status has not been verified in more than two years.
Verified January 2008 by MetroHealth Medical Center.
Recruitment status was:  Recruiting
Information provided by:
MetroHealth Medical Center Identifier:
First received: May 25, 2007
Last updated: January 24, 2008
Last verified: January 2008

Patients will be screened at the initial visit to the burn center. If the patients are eligible according to the inclusion/exclusion criteria, consent for the study will be obtained. One of the investigators will identify two sites that appear to be the same depth on each patient [1 site Polymen and 1 site bacitracin/xeroform )]. The depth of injury will be verified as partial thickness using laser doppler. Each site will be at least 4cm x 4cm in size. One site will be identified for bacitracin/xeroform and one site for Polymen. All burns will be initially debrided and cleaned according to burn unit protocol. The dressing will then be applied. All dressings will be covered with cotton gauze and ace wraps. Laser Doppler will be utilized to determine burn depth at both the trial and control sites. On each subsequent visit, patients will rate the pain of the dressing change on a 1-10 pain intensity scale. It will be noted if the wound appears infected or if antibiotics are prescribed.

The study will end for each patient when the investigator determines that 95% of their burn has re-epithelized.

Condition Intervention Phase
Burns Drug: Polymem Phase 1

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Prospective Randomized Trial of Polymem vs. Bacitracin/Xeroform for Superficial Second Degree Burns

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by MetroHealth Medical Center:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Time to wound healing [ Time Frame: 21 days ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Comparing two FDA cleared products for decreased frequency of dressing changes to every third day, less pain, decrease in infection, and cost effectiveness. [ Time Frame: 21 days ]

Estimated Enrollment: 100
Study Start Date: October 2006
Estimated Study Completion Date: December 2008
Estimated Primary Completion Date: December 2008 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
There is one arm to the study. The same subjects are used for each level of the independent variable, they are their own controls.
Drug: Polymem
single layer, change every 3 days
Drug: Polymem
single layer of polymen, change every 3 days
Other Name: No other names

Detailed Description:

Superficial second degree burns are limited to the epidermis and superficial layer of the dermis and are expected to heal without the need of surgery if they are treated appropriately. Complications such as desiccation of the wound or infection may extend the depth of the injury and result in an increase in scarring or the requirement for excision of the burn and skin grafting. The MetroHealth Burn Center treats over 1500 patients a year for superficial second degree burns.

Various methods are used from the conventional dressing methods using guaze to the methods that use biological materials such as skin from cadavers, pig's skin and artificial synthetic materials. Our present burn care involves initial superficial outpatient debridement of the burn wound and application of a dressing. This dressing consists of bacitracin applied to the burn wound and xeroform covered by cotton gauze and ace-wrap. The majority of our patients are unable to change this dressing by themselves and they either return to the burn center daily for wound care or we arrange for a visiting nurse.

Polymem is a novel dressing which has been approved by the FDA for open wounds including burns.Polymem is a hydrophilic polyurethane membrane pad with a semi permeable polyurethane film backing. The pad contains a wound cleanser (F68 surfactant), a moisturizer (glycerin) and an absorb ing agent (super-absorbent polymem). The F86 surfactant is involved in dissolving the superficial necrotic layer of the burn and helps clean the burn site. Glycerin acts as a moisturizer and prevents the pad from sticking to the wound. The absorbing agent maintains the moisture of the wound which has been shown to increase wound healing. It also allows the dressing to remain on the wound for three days. Kim et al conducted a study of 44 patients with second degree burns and demonstrated an increase in healing time, more comfort, and a decrease in dressing changes with the use of Polymem.


Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Age + to or greater than 18
  2. Superficial 2nd degree burns of the trunk and extremities which the evaluating investigator believes will heal within 21 days without the need for surgery.
  3. Burn injury is less than 48 hours old
  4. Patient is able to return to burn clinic for required follow-up.
  5. Burn is of sufficient size to permit the application of trial and control dressings
  6. Outpatient

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Age under 18
  2. Burn injury over 48 hours old
  3. Deep burn not expected to heal within 21 days
  4. Extremely superficial burn expected to heal in less than 7 days.
  5. Infected burns
  6. Patient unable to return to clinic for required follow-up (i.e. will use visiting nurse or PCP for follow-up).
  7. Patient unable to give consent.
  8. Inpatient
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT00479193

Contact: Charles Yowler, MD 216-778-5627
Contact: Tammy Coffee, CNP 216-778-4899

United States, Ohio
MetroHealth Medical Center Recruiting
Cleveland, Ohio, United States, 44109
Contact: Charles Yowler, MD    216-778-5627   
Contact: Tammy Coffee, CNP    216-778-4899   
Principal Investigator: Charles Yowler, MD         
Sponsors and Collaborators
MetroHealth Medical Center
Principal Investigator: Charles Yowler, MD MetroHealth Medical Center
  More Information

Responsible Party: Charles J. Yowler, MD, MetroHealth Medical Center Identifier: NCT00479193     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: Investigator Initiated Trial
Study First Received: May 25, 2007
Last Updated: January 24, 2008

Keywords provided by MetroHealth Medical Center:
Dressing change

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Wounds and Injuries
Anti-Infective Agents, Local
Anti-Infective Agents
Anti-Bacterial Agents processed this record on August 18, 2017