Phase I Oral mTOR Inhibitor RAD001 in Combo w/ Capecitabine for Metastatic Breast

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00473005
Recruitment Status : Terminated (Principal Investigator (Dr. Guardino) left Stanford)
First Posted : May 14, 2007
Last Update Posted : May 28, 2012
Information provided by:
Stanford University

Brief Summary:
In order to improve the survival of metastatic breast patients, it is important to investigate the use of novel therapeutic agents combined with known active agents in the treatment of breast cancer. This is a phase I study evaluating the maximum tolerated doses and toxicities of RAD001 in combination with capecitabine for the treatment of metastatic breast cancer. RAD001 (INN: everolimus) is a novel macrolide, which is being developed as an antiproliferative drug with applications as an immunosuppressant and anticancer agent. Phase I trials in patients with solid tumors have shown that treatment with RAD001 is well-tolerated with a minimal side effect profile. Capecitabine (Xeloda, Roche) is an oral fluoropyrimidine that was approved in 1998 for the treatment of patients with metastatic breast cancer. The all-oral regimen of RAD001 with capecitabine is an attractive approach as the treatment of metastatic breast cancer has not yet proven to be curative. We also want to find out what possible benefit this combination of drugs might have on treating your cancer.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Breast Cancer Drug: Capecitabine Drug: RAD001 Phase 1

Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 18 participants
Allocation: Non-Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase I Pilot Study of the Oral mTOR Inhibitor RAD001 in Combination With Capecitabine for Metastatic Breast Cancer
Study Start Date : August 2007
Actual Primary Completion Date : December 2011
Actual Study Completion Date : December 2011

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Breast Cancer

Intervention Details:
  • Drug: Capecitabine
    825 mg/m2 bid, Oral
    Other Names:
    • Xeloda
    • Roche
  • Drug: RAD001
    2.5mg QOD, 2.5mg QD, 5.0mg QD, Oral
    Other Names:
    • Everolimus
    • Zortress
    • Certican
    • Afinitor

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Using three cohorts of patients with fixed dosing of capecitabine in combination with increasing doses of RAD001, the maximum tolerated doses and toxicities will be determined. [ Time Frame: Measured at baseline and before every other cycle. ]

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Tumor response [ Time Frame: After every two cyclescycles (six weeks) of therapy for the first four cycles, then after every three cycles (nine weeks) for the remainder of the first year, then every four cycles (12 weeks). ]

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   Female
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:Patients meeting all of the following criteria are eligible for this trial:

  1. Histologically-confirmed metastatic breast cancer.
  2. Measurable disease either by clinical exam or radiographs.
  3. Patients must be fully recovered from acute toxicity of prior therapy.
  4. Patients must not have received prior therapy with capecitabine.
  5. Patients must not have received more than 3 prior chemotherapy regimens for metastatic breast cancer.
  6. Patients must not be receiving concurrent endocrine therapy or immunotherapy.
  7. Patients must have an expected survival of at least 3 months.
  8. Patients should have ECOG performance status 0 or 1 (KPS 100-80%).
  9. Patients should have adequate bone marrow, hepatic and renal function.

    • WBC >= 3000/mm^3,
    • ANC > 1500,
    • Hgb > 9 g/dL,
    • Platelets >= 100,000/mm^3,
    • total bilirubin<1 .5 mg/dL,
    • AST/ALT<2.5 x normal {<= 5x ULN in patients with liver metastases}
    • creatinine<2 mg/dL);
  10. Fasting serum cholesterol ˜300 mg/dL OR ˜7.75 mmol/L AND fasting triglycerides ˜2.5 x ULN. (Note: In case one or both of these thresholds are exceeded, the patient can only be included after initiation of appropriate lipid lowering medication.)
  11. Patients must be >18 years of age
  12. Signed informed consent

Exclusion Criteria:Patients meeting any of the following criteria will not be eligible for the trial:

  1. Patients who have received other chemotherapy or endocrine therapy and not recovered from acute toxicity of previous therapy.
  2. Patients who have received radiotherapy within 4 weeks prior to start of this trial.
  3. Patients who have undergone major surgery within 2 weeks of study enrollment.
  4. Patients with known evidence of brain metastases or leptomeningeal disease, , including patients who continue to require glucocorticoids for brain or leptomeningeal metastases..
  5. Patients with a history of other cancers except curatively-treated carcinoma of the cervix in situ or non-melanomatous skin cancer. Patients with other cancers thought to be cured may be entered into the trial after discussion with and approval of the study chair.
  6. Patients with an active serious infection or other serious underlying medical condition that would impair their ability to receive protocol treatment.
  7. Patients with bone metastases as their only site of measurable disease.
  8. Dementia or significantly altered mental status that would prohibit the understanding and/or giving of informed consent.
  9. Pregnant or breast-feeding patients.
  10. Patients not using adequate methods of birth control if still of child-bearing potential.
  11. Patients who have received prior therapy with capecitabine.
  12. Patients who have received more than 3 prior chemotherapy regimens for metastatic breast cancer.
  13. Patients receiving other investigational therapy.
  14. Patients who have received prior treatment with experimental therapy within 30 days prior to start of trial.
  15. Patients who receive chronic systemic steroids or other immunosuppressive agents.
  16. Patients with a known history of HIV.
  17. Patients with impaired gastrointestinal function which may significantly decrease absorption of RAD001 and capecitabine.
  18. Patients with an active, bleeding diathesis or receiving anti-vitamin K therapy. (except low dose coumadin)
  19. Patients who have had prior treatment with an mTOR inhibitor (sirolimus, temsirolimus, everolimus).
  20. Patients who have any sever and/or uncontrolled medical conditions or other conditions that could affect their participation in the study such as:

    • with uncontrolled diabetes mellitus,
    • uncontrolled hypertension,
    • severe malnutrition,
    • unstable angina, or congestive heart failure - New York Heart Association Class III or IV, ventricular arrhythmias, active ischemic heart disease,
    • myocardial infarction within 6 months, chronic liver disease such as cirrhosis, chronic active hepatitis or chronic persistent hepatitis /

      • renal disease,
      • Impairment of gastrointestinal function or gastrointestinal disease that may significantly alter the absorption of RAD001 (e.g., ulcerative disease, uncontrolled nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, malabsorption syndrome or small bowel resection)
  21. Patients who have had prior bone marrow or stem cell transplant.
  22. Patients receiving tube feeding or TPN, or who are 75% or less of their ideal body weight.
  23. Patients with a caloric intake of less than 500 calories per day.
  24. History of noncompliance to medical regimens
  25. Patients unwilling to or unable to comply with the protocol

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00473005

United States, California
Stanford University School of Medicine
Stanford, California, United States, 94305
Sponsors and Collaborators
Stanford University
Principal Investigator: Dr. Ellie Guardino MD/PhD Stanford University

Responsible Party: Dr. Ellie Guardino MD/PhD, Stanford University School of Medicine Identifier: NCT00473005     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: BRSMTS0010
97494 ( Other Identifier: Stanford University Alternate IRB Approval No. )
BRSMTS0010 ( Other Identifier: Stanford University )
First Posted: May 14, 2007    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: May 28, 2012
Last Verified: May 2012

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Breast Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Breast Diseases
Skin Diseases
Antimetabolites, Antineoplastic
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Antineoplastic Agents
Immunosuppressive Agents
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Anti-Bacterial Agents
Anti-Infective Agents
Antibiotics, Antineoplastic
Antifungal Agents