Screening for Convergence Insufficiency in School-age Children
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The purpose of this study was to assess the ability of common tests of eye alignment, convergence, and accommodation to identify children with convergence insufficiency in a school screening setting.
Condition or disease
The purpose of the Screening for Convergence Insufficiency in School-age Children study was to assess the ability of common tests of eye alignment, convergence, and accommodation to identify children with convergence insufficiency in a school screening setting (where it may not be feasible to do more than one test).
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Layout table for eligibility information
Ages Eligible for Study:
9 Years to 17 Years (Child)
Sexes Eligible for Study:
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:
Of the 282 subjects included in the analysis, approximately 60% were female, 81.5% identified themselves as white, 11% as African American, 2.5% as other, and 5% did not report race. Two percent classified themselves as Hispanic or Latino, 76% reported not being Hispanic or Latino, and 22% did not report their ethnicity.
Age 9 to 17 years
Enrolled in participating school
Parental permission, assent
Ability to complete testing
Exclusion criteria: referral on vision screening for reduced distance visual acuity or significant uncorrected refractive error