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Collection of Lung Fluid and Tissue Samples for Research

This study is currently recruiting participants.
Verified June 1, 2017 by National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC) ( National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI) )
Sponsor:
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00471250
First Posted: May 9, 2007
Last Update Posted: August 23, 2017
The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Know the risks and potential benefits of clinical studies and talk to your health care provider before participating. Read our disclaimer for details.
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC) ( National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI) )
  Purpose

This study will collect fluid and tissue specimens from the lungs and nose of healthy people and people with a history of lung infections. The specimens will be examined for differences between the two groups that may be associated with susceptibility to certain infections.

Healthy normal volunteers and people with a history of lung infections between 18 and 75 years of age who are followed at NIH may be eligible for this study.

Participants undergo the following procedures:

Medical history and physical examination.

Blood and urine tests.

Electrocardiogram (ECG) and chest x-ray.

Treadmill exercise stress test (for people over 45 years old with a history of chest pain or ECG abnormalities).

Bronchoscopy: The subject s nose and throat are numbed with lidocaine and a sedative is given for comfort. A thin flexible tube called a bronchoscope is advanced through the nose or mouth into the lung airways to examine the airways carefully.

Fluid collection during the bronchoscopy using one of the following methods:

  • Bronchoalveolar lavage: Salt water is injected through the bronchoscope into the lung and immediately suctioned out, washing off cells lining the airways.
  • Bronchial brushings: A brush-tipped wire enclosed in a sheath is passed through the bronchoscope and a small area of the airway tissue is gently brushed. The brush is withdrawn with some tissue adhering to it.
  • Endobronchial biopsies: Small pinchers on a wire are passed through the bronchoscope and about 1 to 2 millimeters of tissue is removed.
  • Nasal scrape: A small device is used to scrape along the inside of the nose to collect some cells.

Condition
Mycobacterium Infections, Atypical Granulomatous Disease, Chronic Job's Syndrome Influenza, Human

Study Type: Observational
Study Design: Time Perspective: Prospective
Official Title: Research Respiratory Tract Procedures

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC) ( National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI) ):

Estimated Enrollment: 550
Study Start Date: May 3, 2007
Detailed Description:

This research protocol involves one or more of the following procedures in healthy volunteers and patients with known or suspected predisposition to respiratory infection who are enrolled in National Institutes of Health (NIH) protocols: 1) Adults only: bronchoscopy with sampling of bronchoalveolar lavage fluid and epithelial cells in healthy adult volunteers and patients; 2) Adults and Children: sputum induction for collection of sputum specimens; 3) Adults and Children: nasal mucosal biopsies and brushings for sampling of epithelial cells; 4) Adults and Children: measurement of nasal nitric oxide production; 5) Adults and children: collection of exhaled breath condensate; 6) Adults and children: measurement of nasal potential difference. The cellular and acellular samples will be separated, and stored or transferred to the appropriate laboratories investigating these diseases.

Alveolar macrophages are the predominant (greater than 95%) cell type present in the lavage of normal subjects. Alveolar macrophages play a central role in the initiation and propagation of lung inflammation by releasing cytokines (i.e., interleukin-1, tumor necrosis factor) and chemokines (i.e., interleukin-8, monocyte chemotactic protein, macrophage inflammatory protein) that activate other resident cells and recruit inflammatory cells to a local nidus of inflammation. Airway epithelial cells are known to release a variety of mediators as well. Thus, the interaction of cells with mediators generated by alveolar cells and bronchial epithelial cells during acute inflammation is a key element in the initiation of pulmonary inflammatory responses.

Bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL), bronchial brushings, and mucosal biopsies are standard diagnostic techniques done through the bronchoscope to obtain samples of alveolar and bronchial specimens for diagnosis of infection, malignancy, or non-infectious inflammation. Nasal mucosal scrape biopsy is a minimally invasive method of obtaining airway epithelial cells to diagnose disorders of airway clearance associated with abnormal cilia (hair-like structures on airway lining cells). Sputum induction is a routinely performed procedure to facilitate the collection of respiratory secretions (mucus) through stimulation of cough with inhalation of an aerosolized concentrated salt-water solution. Exhaled breath condensate is simply collected by breathing normally through a plastic tube inserted into a chilled cylinder. Nasal potential difference is performed by placing a small needle under the skin of the forearm that is connected to a salt solution bridge and resting a small catheter on the surface of the nose through which various salt solutions are dripped.

The objective of this protocol is to analyze bronchoalveolar lavage fluid, airway epithelial cells, sputum, and exhaled breath specimens and bedside physiologic measurements from healthy volunteers and from patients who acquire respiratory infections to look for differences in immune function and to discover new pathways of infectious disease susceptibility. We hypothesize that studying cellular responses to infection and inflammatory markers released from these cells will further our understanding of human susceptibility to respiratory tract infections.

Five hundred and fifty subjects (250 healthy volunteers and 300 patients) will undergo one or more of the following: 1) bronchoscopy with bronchoalveolar lavage, bronchial brushings, endobronchial biopsies; 2) nasal mucosal scrape and/or brush biopsies; 3) sputum inductions 4) exhaled breath condensate to obtain specimens for in vitro investigations and comparisons of both the cellular and acellular components. Bedside measurements 5) nasal nitric oxide production and 6) nasal potential difference may be done to assess epithelial cell functions in real-time.

  Eligibility

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   10 Years to 75 Years   (Child, Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Criteria
  • HEALTHY VOLUNTEER INCLUSION CRITERIA FOR BRONCHOSCOPY AND BRONCHOSCOPIC PROCEDURES:
  • 18 to 75 years of age
  • Enrolled without regard to gender, race, or ethnicity
  • NIH employees or non-employees eligible
  • Able to provide proof of identity to the satisfaction of the study clinician completing the enrollment process
  • Able and willing to complete the informed consent process
  • Able and willing to arrange to have another person drive them home after the procedure
  • Able and willing not to eat or drink anything for 6 hours prior and 2 hours after the procedure
  • Willing to donate blood and respiratory tract samples for storage to be used for future research
  • In good general health without clinically significant medical history
  • Physical examination without clinically significant findings
  • Screening laboratory tests without clinically significant abnormalities:

    1. Complete blood count with differential
    2. Serum chemistries including creatinine, blood urea nitrogen, glucose, liver enzymes and function tests, electrolytes
    3. HIV test and hepatitis serologies (HBsAg; HCV) if status is unknown
    4. Prothrombin time, partial thromboplastin time
    5. Urinalysis
    6. Female subjects must have negative urine pregnancy test within 1 week of participation and continue birth control practices prior to participation
    7. Chest radiograph (CXR) (if the subject has not had a CXR or computerized tomography [CT] scan of the chest within the prior7 days)
    8. Pulse oximetry
    9. Electrocardiogram (ECG)
    10. Treadmill exercise stress test (as indicated for history of angina or abnormalities on ECG)

HEALTHY VOLUNTEER EXCLUSION CRITERIA FOR BRONCHOSCOPY AND BRONCHOSCOPIC PROCEDURES:

  • Less than 18 or greater than 75 years old
  • A smoking history of 10 pack-years or more, a current smoker, or tobacco free for less than a year.
  • Positive HIV status. Subjects must have a negative FDA-approved HIV blood test. [Note: Results of HIV enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) will be documented, but a negative HIV polymerase chain reaction (PCR) test result will be sufficient for eligibility screening of subjects with positive HIV ELISA that is due to prior participation in an HIV vaccine study]
  • Acute or chronic hepatitis based on viral hepatitis serologies
  • Pregnancy or breastfeeding
  • Any active medical problems especially bleeding disorders, significant bruising or bleeding difficulties with intramuscular (IM) injections or blood draws, use of anticoagulants, or pulmonary disorders including asthma
  • History of allergic reaction to lidocaine, sedative medications like Valium Trademark or Versed Trademark, or narcotic medications like morphine or fentanyl
  • Immunosuppressive medications, cytotoxic medications, inhaled corticosteroids, or long-acting beta-agonists within the past three months. (Note that use of corticosteroid nasal spray for allergic rhinitis, topical corticosteroids for an acute uncomplicated dermatitis, or short-acting beta-agonists in controlled asthmatics is not excluded).
  • Use of platelet inhibitors including aspirin and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) within 7 days of procedure
  • Any medical, psychiatric, social condition, occupational reason or other responsibility that, in the judgment of the investigator, is a contraindication to protocol participation or impairs a volunteer s ability to give informed consent

PATIENT INCLUSION CRITERIA FOR BRONCHOSCOPY AND BRONCHOSCOPIC PROCEDURES

  1. 18 to 75 years of age inclusive
  2. Known or suspected respiratory infections or infection susceptibility
  3. Enrolled without regard to gender, race, or ethnicity
  4. Must be enrolled in a concurrent NIH protocol and under the care of a primary physician outside of the NIH
  5. Able and willing to complete informed consent process
  6. Able and willing to arrange to have another person drive them home after the procedure
  7. Able and willing not to eat or drink anything for 6 hours prior and 2 hours after the procedure
  8. Willing to donate blood and respiratory tract samples for storage to be used for future research

PATIENT EXCLUSION CRITERIA FOR BRONCHOSCOPY AND BRONCHOSCOPIC PROCEDURES

  1. Less than 18 or greater than 75 years old
  2. History of recent/acute clinically significant pulmonary compromise. This will be defined by the following criteria:

    1. New lung infection or change in status of chronic lung infection or significant new findings on chest x-ray or CT scan
    2. Asthma that is unstable or required emergent care, urgent care, hospitalization, or intubation during the past two years, or that required the use of oral or parenteral corticosteroids during the past two years
    3. Clinically significant reactive airway disease that does not respond to bronchodilators
    4. Unstable chronic lung disease such as Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) or pulmonary fibrosis
    5. History of pulmonary hypertension
    6. Requirement of supplemental oxygen at rest
  3. Unstable angina or uncontrolled heart failure or rhythm disturbance
  4. Significant kidney or liver disease
  5. Significant anemia with a hemoglobin of less than 7.5 grams/dl.
  6. Bleeding disorder diagnosed by a doctor (e.g., factor deficiency, coagulopathy, or platelet disorder requiring special precautions), significant bruising or bleeding difficulties with IM injections or blood draws, or use of anticoagulant medications
  7. Use of platelet inhibitors including aspirin and NSAIDs within 7 days of procedure or clopidogrel (Plavix TM) within 14 days of procedure or the inability to safely stop platelet inhibitors for 7-14 days prior to procedures
  8. History of allergic reaction to lidocaine, sedative medications like Valium TM or Versed TM, or narcotic medications like morphine or fentanyl
  9. Pregnancy or breastfeeding
  10. Any medical, psychiatric, social condition, occupational reason or other responsibility that, in the judgment of the investigator, is a contraindication to protocol participation or impairs a volunteer's ability to give informed consent

HEALTHY VOLUNTEER INCLUSION CRITERIA FOR NASAL MUCOSAL BIOPSY:

  • Greater than or equal to 10 years old
  • Enrolled without regard to gender, race, or ethnicity
  • NIH employees or non-employees eligible
  • Able to provide proof of identity
  • Able and willing to complete the informed consent process
  • Willing to donate blood and respiratory tract samples for storage to be used for future research
  • Stable vital signs

HEALTHY VOLUNTEER EXCLUSION CRITERIA FOR NASAL MUCOSAL BIOPSY , Nasal Nitric Oxide Measurement, and Nasal Potential Difference Measurement:

  • Less than 10 years old
  • History of frequent colds or significant uncontrolled hay fever symptoms, recent or active upper respiratory tract infection, such as a cold or sinusitis, or chronic sinus infection or congestion
  • History of turbinectomy or significant nasal pathology that would preclude obtaining mucosal scrape biopsies or other measures
  • Bleeding disorder diagnosed by a doctor (e.g., factor deficiency, coagulopathy, or platelet disorder requiring special precautions), significant bruising or bleeding difficulties with IM injections or blood draws, or use of anticoagulant medications
  • The use of nasal steroids in the past 6 weeks is an exclusion to protocol participation.
  • Any medical, psychiatric, social condition, occupational reason, or other responsibility that, in the judgment of the investigator, is a contraindication to protocol participation or impairs a volunteer s ability to give informed consent

PATIENT INCLUSION CRITERIA FOR NASAL MUCOSAL BIOPSY, Nasal Nitric Oxide Measurement, and Nasal Potential Difference Measurement

  • Greater than or equal to 10 years old
  • Known or suspected infections or infection susceptibility
  • Enrolled without regard to gender, race, or ethnicity
  • Must be enrolled in a concurrent NIH protocol and under the care of a primary physician outside of the NIH
  • Able and willing to complete informed consent process
  • Willing to donate blood and respiratory tract samples for storage to be used for future research

PATIENT EXCLUSION CRITERIA FOR NASAL MUCOSAL BIOPSY, Nasal Nitric Oxide Measurement, and Nasal Potential Difference Measurement:

  • Less than 10 years old
  • Significant uncontrolled hay fever symptoms or recent or active upper respiratory tract infection, such as a cold or sinusitis
  • History of turbinectomy or significant nasal pathology that would preclude obtaining mucosal scrape biopsies or other measures
  • Bleeding disorder diagnosed by a doctor (e.g., factor deficiency, coagulopathy, or platelet disorder requiring special precautions), significant bruising or bleeding difficulties with IM injections or blood draws, or use of anticoagulant medications
  • Any medical, psychiatric, social condition, occupational reason, or other responsibility that, in the judgment of the investigator, is a contraindication to protocol participation or impairs a volunteer's ability to give informed consent.

Healthy Volunteer Inclusion Criteria for Sputum Induction and Exhaled Breath Condensate Collection

  1. greater than or equal to 10 years old
  2. Enrolled without regard to gender, race, or ethnicity
  3. NIH employees or non-employees eligible
  4. Able to provide proof of identity to the satisfaction of the study clinician completing the enrollment process
  5. Able and willing to complete the informed consent process
  6. Willing to donate blood and respiratory tract samples for storage to be used for future research
  7. Stable vital signs

Healthy Volunteer Exclusion Criteria for Sputum Induction and Exhaled Breath Condensate Collection

  1. < 10 years old
  2. History of asthma or reactive airways disease
  3. Any medical, psychiatric, social condition, occupational reason, or other responsibility that, in the judgment of the investigator, is a contraindication to protocol participation or impairs a volunteer s ability to give informed consent

PATIENT INCLUSION CRITERIA FOR SPUTUM INDUCTION and Exhaled Breath Condensate Collection:

  1. greater than or equal to 10 years old
  2. Known or suspected infections or infection susceptibility
  3. Enrolled without regard to gender, race, or ethnicity
  4. Must be enrolled in a concurrent NIH protocol and under the care of a primary physician outside of the NIH
  5. Able and willing to complete informed consent process
  6. Willing to donate blood and respiratory tract samples for storage to be used for future research

PATIENT EXCLUSION CRITERIA FOR SPUTUM and Exhaled Breath Condensate Collection:

  1. <10 years old
  2. Significant uncontrolled asthma or reactive airways disease
  3. Any medical, psychiatric, social condition, occupational reason, or other responsibility that, in the judgment of the investigator, is a contraindication to protocol participation or impairs a volunteer s ability to give informed consent.
  Contacts and Locations
Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT00471250


Contacts
Contact: Chevalia Robinson, R.N. (301) 496-3973 cr163w@nih.gov
Contact: Kenneth N Olivier, M.D. (301) 496-5673 kenneth.olivier@nih.gov

Locations
United States, Maryland
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center, 9000 Rockville Pike Recruiting
Bethesda, Maryland, United States, 20892
Contact: For more information at the NIH Clinical Center contact Patient Recruitment and Public Liaison Office (PRPL)    800-411-1222 ext TTY8664111010    prpl@mail.cc.nih.gov   
Sponsors and Collaborators
National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI)
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Kenneth N Olivier, M.D. National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI)
  More Information

Additional Information:
Publications:
Responsible Party: National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00471250     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 070142
07-H-0142
First Submitted: May 8, 2007
First Posted: May 9, 2007
Last Update Posted: August 23, 2017
Last Verified: June 1, 2017

Keywords provided by National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC) ( National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI) ):
Bronchoscopy
Bronchoalveolar Lavage
Nasal Mucosal Biopsy
Research Procedures
Infection Susceptibility
Lung Infection Susceptibility
Healthy Volunteer
HV

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Infection
Chronic Disease
Mycobacterium Infections
Influenza, Human
Job Syndrome
Granulomatous Disease, Chronic
Mycobacterium Infections, Nontuberculous
Disease Attributes
Pathologic Processes
Actinomycetales Infections
Gram-Positive Bacterial Infections
Bacterial Infections
Orthomyxoviridae Infections
RNA Virus Infections
Virus Diseases
Respiratory Tract Infections
Respiratory Tract Diseases
Phagocyte Bactericidal Dysfunction
Leukocyte Disorders
Hematologic Diseases
Immunologic Deficiency Syndromes
Immune System Diseases
Genetic Diseases, X-Linked
Genetic Diseases, Inborn


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