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Development of NIC5-15 in the Treatment of Alzheimer's Disease

This study has been completed.
National Center for Complementary and Integrative Health (NCCIH)
Humanetics Corporation
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
VA Office of Research and Development Identifier:
First received: May 4, 2007
Last updated: January 5, 2017
Last verified: January 2017
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the safety and efficacy of NIC5-15in the treatment of Alzheimer's Disease.

Condition Intervention Phase
Alzheimer Disease
Drug: NIC5-15
Drug: Placebo
Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double Blind (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Development of NIC5-15 in the Treatment of Alzheimer's Disease

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by VA Office of Research and Development:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Safety Assessments: Number of Participants With Adverse Events [ Time Frame: Safety Labs, Physical Exams: 6 times over 7 weeks. Adverse Events assessed 21 times over the course of 7 weeks ]
    vital signs, physical exam, Symptom Checklist, complete blood count, serum chemistries, urinalysis, and electrocardiogram

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Changes From Baseline in Clinical Measures of Cognition at Terminal Visit [ Time Frame: baseline and six weeks ]
    Mini-Mental Status Exam (MMSE) 0(worst)-30(best); ADAS-cog 0 (best cognitive performance across multiple domains) - 70(worst); Activities of Daily Living (ADCS-ADL) 0(least capable of function in daily and instrumental activities)-54(best)

Enrollment: 15
Study Start Date: January 2007
Study Completion Date: March 2010
Primary Completion Date: August 2008 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Subjects with Alzheimer's Disease
Drug: NIC5-15
a natural product, found in many foods and plants with mild insulin sensitizing effects
Other Name: d-Pinitol
Placebo Comparator: Placebo
Subjects with Alzheimer's Disease
Drug: Placebo
placebo comparator

Detailed Description:

Recent epidemiologic evidence, has suggested that diabetes mellitus significantly increases risk for the development of Alzheimer's disease, independent of vascular risk factors. Moreover, even patients who are simply insulin resistant, without frank diabetes, have been shown to share this elevated risk for the development of AD. As insulin's role as a neuromodulator in the brain has been revealed, several potential mechanisms for the interaction of diabetes or insulin resistance with AD have been suggested such as decreased cortical glucose utilization particularly in the hippocampus and entorhinal cortex; increased oxidative stress through the formation of advanced glycation end products; increased Tau phosphorylation and neurofibrillary tangle formation; and increased beta-amyloid aggregation through inhibition of insulin-degrading enzyme. The future treatment of AD might involve pharmacologic and dietary manipulations of insulin and glucose regulation

NIC5-15 is a single, small, naturally occurring molecule. Animal studies and some human trials have shown NIC5-15 to be safe and a potent insulin sensitizer at doses equivalent to 800-2000mg per day. In preclinical studies at doses higher than those previously studied in clinical trials, we found that NIC5-15 interferes with the accumulation of beta amyloid, an important step in the development of Alzheimer's pathology. These data suggest that NIC5-15 may be a reasonable therapeutic agent for the treatment of Alzheimer Disease for two reasons:

  1. It is a -secretase inhibitor that is Notch-sparing.
  2. It is potentially an insulin-sensitizer.

However critical safety and human efficacy studies must be conducted. This application proposes to conduct these early critical human studies. The goal of the studies contained in this proposal is to establish safety and efficacy of NIC5-15 for the treatment of AD. The specific objectives of this study are to:

Specific Objective #1) Conduct a multiple dose safety study of NIC5-15 to establish safety in the doses that appear to block amyloid accumulation. These studies will characterize the safety profile, pharmacokinetics, and tolerability

Specific Objective #2) Conduct a double blind placebo controlled pilot efficacy study of NIC5-15 in patients with AD. The goals of this study are to:

A) Demonstrate feasibility for a multi-site trial that will be used to guide the design of a future larger effort. Demonstration of feasibility will include examination of accrual rate, overall recruitment, adherence to protocol, compliance with medication and willingness to complete a randomized trial, and lack of short term toxicity.

B) Collect preliminary evidence of efficacy in terms of cognitive and global measures as well as secondary efficacy outcomes of activities of daily living, behavioral disturbances and AD biomarkers.


Ages Eligible for Study:   Child, Adult, Senior
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • NINCDS/ADRDA criteria for probable AD
  • MMSE between 12-27
  • Treatment with a cholinesterase inhibitor or an NMDA (N-methyl-D-asparate) antagonist with stable dose for at least 12 weeks
  • Home monitoring available for supervision of medications
  • Caregiver available to accompany patient to all visits and willing to participate in study as informant
  • Fluent in English or Spanish
  • Medical stability for this study as confirmed by review of records, internist's physical exam, neurological exam, and laboratory tests
  • Stable doses of non-excluded medication
  • No evidence of hepatic insufficiency
  • Able to swallow oral medications
  • Ability to participate in the informed consent process

Exclusion Criteria:

  • History of Diabetes Mellitus (OGTT criteria) requiring treatment with an excluded antidiabetic medication (see below) or history of hypoglycemia
  • Active hepatic or renal disease
  • Cardiac disease including history of congestive heart failure or current treatment for CHF; history of recent myocardial infarction
  • Use of another investigational drug within the past two months
  • History of clinically significant stroke
  • History of seizure or head trauma with disturbance of consciousness within the past two years
  • Major mental illness including psychotic disorders, bipolar disorder, or major depressive episode within the past two years Medication Exclusion
  • Current use of oral hypoglycemic agents including sulfonylureas and meglintinides
  • Current use of a lipid-lowering agent (excluded from Study #1, see discussion below)
  • Current or past treatment with insulin for longer than two weeks
  • Current use of drugs with significant anticholinergic or antihistaminic properties
  Contacts and Locations
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Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT00470418

United States, New York
VA Medical Center, Bronx
Bronx, New York, United States, 10468
Sponsors and Collaborators
VA Office of Research and Development
National Center for Complementary and Integrative Health (NCCIH)
Humanetics Corporation
Principal Investigator: Hillel Grossman, MD VA Medical Center, Bronx
  More Information

Additional Information:
Responsible Party: VA Office of Research and Development Identifier: NCT00470418     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: MHBB-009-06S
R21AT003302-01A1 ( US NIH Grant/Contract Award Number )
Study First Received: May 4, 2007
Results First Received: January 16, 2014
Last Updated: January 5, 2017

Keywords provided by VA Office of Research and Development:
Alzheimer Disease
Alzheimer Type Senile Dementia
Alzheimer's Disease
clinical trial
dietary supplements
Senile Dementia, Alzheimer Type

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Alzheimer Disease
Brain Diseases
Central Nervous System Diseases
Nervous System Diseases
Neurodegenerative Diseases
Neurocognitive Disorders
Mental Disorders processed this record on April 21, 2017