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Tipifarnib and Combination Chemotherapy in Treating Patients With Stage II or Stage III Breast Cancer

This study has been completed.
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
National Cancer Institute (NCI) Identifier:
First received: May 3, 2007
Last updated: May 6, 2015
Last verified: February 2014
Tipifarnib may stop the growth of breast cancer by blocking some of the enzymes needed for cell growth and by blocking blood flow to the tumor. Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as paclitaxel, doxorubicin, and cyclophosphamide, work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells or by stopping them from dividing. Giving tipifarnib together with combination chemotherapy may kill more tumor cells. This phase I/II trial is studying the side effects and best dose of tipifarnib when given together with combination chemotherapy and to see how well they work in treating patients with stage II or stage III breast cancer.

Condition Intervention Phase
Breast Cancer
Male Breast Cancer
Stage II Breast Cancer
Stage IIIA Breast Cancer
Stage IIIB Breast Cancer
Stage IIIC Breast Cancer
Drug: tipifarnib
Drug: paclitaxel
Drug: doxorubicin
Drug: cyclophosphamide
Phase 1
Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase I-II Study of R115777 (Tipifarnib, Zarnestra®) Plus Sequential Weekly Paclitaxel Followed by Dose-Dense Doxorubicin and Cyclophosphamide in Patients With Stage IIB-IIIC Breast Cancer

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by National Cancer Institute (NCI):

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Recommended Phase II Dose of Tipifarnib When Combined With Weekly Sequential Paclitaxel (Phase I) [ Time Frame: 2 weeks ]
  • Pathologic Complete Response Rate (pCR) Evaluated Using RECIST (Phase II) [ Time Frame: Up to 5 years ]
    An increase in the breast pCR from 15% (anticipated for chemotherapy alone) to 35% would be considered promising.

Enrollment: 60
Study Start Date: April 2007
Study Completion Date: September 2013
Primary Completion Date: September 2013 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Arm I
Tipifarnib plus sequential weekly paclitaxel followed by doxorubicin plus cyclophosphamide
Drug: tipifarnib
Given orally
Other Names:
  • R115777
  • Zarnestra
Drug: paclitaxel
Given IV
Other Names:
  • Anzatax
  • Asotax
  • TAX
  • Taxol
Drug: doxorubicin
Given IV
Other Names:
  • ADM
  • ADR
  • Adria
  • Adriamycin PFS
  • Adriamycin RDF
Drug: cyclophosphamide
Given IV
Other Names:
  • CPM
  • CTX
  • Cytoxan
  • Endoxan
  • Endoxana

Detailed Description:


I. To determine the recommended phase II dose of tipifarnib when given together with paclitaxel in patients with stage IIB-IIIC breast cancer. (Phase I) II. To determine the pathologic complete remission rate (including breast and breast plus axillary nodes) in patients treated with sequential paclitaxel and tipifarnib followed by dose-dense doxorubicin hydrochloride, cyclophosphamide, and tipifarnib. (Phase II) III. To determine the feasibility and safety of this regimen in these patients. (Phase I and II)

OUTLINE: This is a multicenter, phase I, dose-escalation study of tipifarnib followed by a phase II study.

PHASE I: Paclitaxel plus tipifarnib: Patients receive paclitaxel IV over 1 hour on day 1 and oral tipifarnib twice daily on days 1-3.

Treatment repeats weekly for 12 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Patients with no evidence of disease progression after 12 courses proceed to AC chemotherapy plus tipifarnib. Cohorts of 3-6 patients receive escalating doses of tipifarnib until the recommended phase II dose (RTPD) is determined. The RTPD is defined as the dose preceding that at which 2 of 3 or 2 of 6 patients experience dose-limiting toxicity.

AC chemotherapy plus tipifarnib: Patients receive doxorubicin hydrochloride IV over 5-10 minutes and cyclophosphamide IV over 30-60 minutes on day 1, oral tipifarnib twice daily on days 2-7, and pegfilgrastim subcutaneously on day 2.

Treatment repeats every 2 weeks for 4 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

PHASE II: Patients receive paclitaxel and tipifarnib at the RTPD and AC chemotherapy plus tipifarnib as in phase I. After completion of AC plus tipifarnib (in both phases), patients are re-evaluated for surgery (i.e., modified radical mastectomy, radical mastectomy, segmental mastectomy or lumpectomy with an axillary lymph node dissection).

After completion of study treatment, patients are followed every 6 months for 5 years and then annually for 5 years.


Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Histologically or cytologically confirmed adenocarcinoma of the breast; clinical stage IIB, IIIA, IIIB, or IIIC disease
  • At least 1 week since prior tamoxifen or other selective estrogen receptor modulator for prevention or for other indications (e.g., osteoporosis or prior ductal carcinoma in situ)
  • HER-2/neu-negative by immunohistochemistry or fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH)
  • Hormone receptor status:

    • Estrogen and/or progesterone receptor-positive* [Note: *Patients enrolled on the phase I portion of the trial may have estrogen and progesterone receptor-negative disease]
  • Normal organ function including:
  • WBC >= 3,000/mm^3
  • Absolute neutrophil count >= 1,500/mm^3
  • Platelet count >= 100,000/mm^3
  • Bilirubin normal
  • AST and ALT =< 2.5 times upper limit of normal
  • LVEF normal by echocardiogram or nuclear scan
  • Creatinine normal OR Creatinine clearance >= 60 mL/min
  • FEV1 >= 1 L* and DLCO >= 50%* [Note: *Only if baseline CT scan of chest shows parenchymal lung disease OR there is a history of chronic obstructive or other pulmonary disease]
  • No prior chemotherapy, radiotherapy, or definitive therapeutic surgery (e.g., mastectomy, lumpectomy, or axillary dissection) for this cancer but prior sentinel lymph node biopsy for this malignancy allowed
  • No prior adjuvant chemotherapy for a previous breast malignancy
  • No concurrent combination antiretroviral therapy for HIV-positive patients
  • No other concurrent investigational agents
  • No other concurrent anticancer agents or therapies
  • ECOG performance status 0-1
  • Fertile patients must use effective contraception

Exclusion criteria:

  • No other invasive malignancy within the past 5 years except curatively treated basal cell or squamous cell skin cancer or carcinoma in situ of the cervix
  • No history of allergic reactions attributed to compounds of similar chemical or biological composition to tipifarnib or other study drugs (e.g., imidazoles or quinolones)
  • No other uncontrolled illness including, but not limited to, any of the following: ongoing or active infection, symptomatic congestive heart failure, unstable angina pectoris, cardiac arrhythmia or psychiatric illness/social situations that would preclude study compliance
  • Not pregnant or nursing
  Contacts and Locations
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Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT00470301

United States, Florida
H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center and Research Institute
Tampa, Florida, United States, 33612
United States, New York
Albert Einstein College of Medicine
Bronx, New York, United States, 10461
Montefiore Medical Center
Bronx, New York, United States, 10467-2490
Mount Sinai Medical Center
New York, New York, United States, 10029
Columbia University Medical Center
New York, New York, United States, 10032
Weill Medical College of Cornell University
New York, New York, United States, 10065
United States, Texas
M D Anderson Cancer Center
Houston, Texas, United States, 77030
Sponsors and Collaborators
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Principal Investigator: Dawn Hershman Montefiore Medical Center
  More Information

Responsible Party: National Cancer Institute (NCI) Identifier: NCT00470301     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: NCI-2009-00239
NCI-2009-00239 ( Other Identifier: CTRP (Clinical Trial Reporting Program) )
06-12-487 ( Other Identifier: Montefiore Medical Center )
7868 ( Other Identifier: CTEP )
P30CA013330 ( US NIH Grant/Contract Award Number )
N01CM62202 ( US NIH Grant/Contract Award Number )
N01CM62204 ( US NIH Grant/Contract Award Number )
Study First Received: May 3, 2007
Results First Received: May 6, 2015
Last Updated: May 6, 2015

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Breast Neoplasms
Breast Neoplasms, Male
Neoplasms by Site
Breast Diseases
Skin Diseases
Liposomal doxorubicin
Albumin-Bound Paclitaxel
Antineoplastic Agents, Phytogenic
Antineoplastic Agents
Tubulin Modulators
Antimitotic Agents
Mitosis Modulators
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Immunosuppressive Agents
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Antirheumatic Agents
Antineoplastic Agents, Alkylating
Alkylating Agents
Myeloablative Agonists
Antibiotics, Antineoplastic
Topoisomerase II Inhibitors
Topoisomerase Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors processed this record on April 28, 2017