Working… Menu

Tipifarnib and Combination Chemotherapy in Treating Patients With Stage II or Stage III Breast Cancer

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00470301
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : May 7, 2007
Results First Posted : May 22, 2015
Last Update Posted : May 22, 2015
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
National Cancer Institute (NCI)

Brief Summary:
Tipifarnib may stop the growth of breast cancer by blocking some of the enzymes needed for cell growth and by blocking blood flow to the tumor. Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as paclitaxel, doxorubicin, and cyclophosphamide, work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells or by stopping them from dividing. Giving tipifarnib together with combination chemotherapy may kill more tumor cells. This phase I/II trial is studying the side effects and best dose of tipifarnib when given together with combination chemotherapy and to see how well they work in treating patients with stage II or stage III breast cancer.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Breast Cancer Male Breast Cancer Stage II Breast Cancer Stage IIIA Breast Cancer Stage IIIB Breast Cancer Stage IIIC Breast Cancer Drug: tipifarnib Drug: paclitaxel Drug: doxorubicin Drug: cyclophosphamide Phase 1 Phase 2

Detailed Description:


I. To determine the recommended phase II dose of tipifarnib when given together with paclitaxel in patients with stage IIB-IIIC breast cancer. (Phase I) II. To determine the pathologic complete remission rate (including breast and breast plus axillary nodes) in patients treated with sequential paclitaxel and tipifarnib followed by dose-dense doxorubicin hydrochloride, cyclophosphamide, and tipifarnib. (Phase II) III. To determine the feasibility and safety of this regimen in these patients. (Phase I and II)

OUTLINE: This is a multicenter, phase I, dose-escalation study of tipifarnib followed by a phase II study.

PHASE I: Paclitaxel plus tipifarnib: Patients receive paclitaxel IV over 1 hour on day 1 and oral tipifarnib twice daily on days 1-3.

Treatment repeats weekly for 12 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Patients with no evidence of disease progression after 12 courses proceed to AC chemotherapy plus tipifarnib. Cohorts of 3-6 patients receive escalating doses of tipifarnib until the recommended phase II dose (RTPD) is determined. The RTPD is defined as the dose preceding that at which 2 of 3 or 2 of 6 patients experience dose-limiting toxicity.

AC chemotherapy plus tipifarnib: Patients receive doxorubicin hydrochloride IV over 5-10 minutes and cyclophosphamide IV over 30-60 minutes on day 1, oral tipifarnib twice daily on days 2-7, and pegfilgrastim subcutaneously on day 2.

Treatment repeats every 2 weeks for 4 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

PHASE II: Patients receive paclitaxel and tipifarnib at the RTPD and AC chemotherapy plus tipifarnib as in phase I. After completion of AC plus tipifarnib (in both phases), patients are re-evaluated for surgery (i.e., modified radical mastectomy, radical mastectomy, segmental mastectomy or lumpectomy with an axillary lymph node dissection).

After completion of study treatment, patients are followed every 6 months for 5 years and then annually for 5 years.

Layout table for study information
Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 60 participants
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase I-II Study of R115777 (Tipifarnib, Zarnestra®) Plus Sequential Weekly Paclitaxel Followed by Dose-Dense Doxorubicin and Cyclophosphamide in Patients With Stage IIB-IIIC Breast Cancer
Study Start Date : April 2007
Actual Primary Completion Date : September 2013
Actual Study Completion Date : September 2013

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Arm I
Tipifarnib plus sequential weekly paclitaxel followed by doxorubicin plus cyclophosphamide
Drug: tipifarnib
Given orally
Other Names:
  • R115777
  • Zarnestra

Drug: paclitaxel
Given IV
Other Names:
  • Anzatax
  • Asotax
  • TAX
  • Taxol

Drug: doxorubicin
Given IV
Other Names:
  • ADM
  • ADR
  • Adria
  • Adriamycin PFS
  • Adriamycin RDF

Drug: cyclophosphamide
Given IV
Other Names:
  • CPM
  • CTX
  • Cytoxan
  • Endoxan
  • Endoxana

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Recommended Phase II Dose of Tipifarnib When Combined With Weekly Sequential Paclitaxel (Phase I) [ Time Frame: 2 weeks ]
  2. Pathologic Complete Response Rate (pCR) Evaluated Using RECIST (Phase II) [ Time Frame: Up to 5 years ]
    An increase in the breast pCR from 15% (anticipated for chemotherapy alone) to 35% would be considered promising.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.

Layout table for eligibility information
Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Histologically or cytologically confirmed adenocarcinoma of the breast; clinical stage IIB, IIIA, IIIB, or IIIC disease
  • At least 1 week since prior tamoxifen or other selective estrogen receptor modulator for prevention or for other indications (e.g., osteoporosis or prior ductal carcinoma in situ)
  • HER-2/neu-negative by immunohistochemistry or fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH)
  • Hormone receptor status:

    • Estrogen and/or progesterone receptor-positive* [Note: *Patients enrolled on the phase I portion of the trial may have estrogen and progesterone receptor-negative disease]
  • Normal organ function including:
  • WBC >= 3,000/mm^3
  • Absolute neutrophil count >= 1,500/mm^3
  • Platelet count >= 100,000/mm^3
  • Bilirubin normal
  • AST and ALT =< 2.5 times upper limit of normal
  • LVEF normal by echocardiogram or nuclear scan
  • Creatinine normal OR Creatinine clearance >= 60 mL/min
  • FEV1 >= 1 L* and DLCO >= 50%* [Note: *Only if baseline CT scan of chest shows parenchymal lung disease OR there is a history of chronic obstructive or other pulmonary disease]
  • No prior chemotherapy, radiotherapy, or definitive therapeutic surgery (e.g., mastectomy, lumpectomy, or axillary dissection) for this cancer but prior sentinel lymph node biopsy for this malignancy allowed
  • No prior adjuvant chemotherapy for a previous breast malignancy
  • No concurrent combination antiretroviral therapy for HIV-positive patients
  • No other concurrent investigational agents
  • No other concurrent anticancer agents or therapies
  • ECOG performance status 0-1
  • Fertile patients must use effective contraception

Exclusion criteria:

  • No other invasive malignancy within the past 5 years except curatively treated basal cell or squamous cell skin cancer or carcinoma in situ of the cervix
  • No history of allergic reactions attributed to compounds of similar chemical or biological composition to tipifarnib or other study drugs (e.g., imidazoles or quinolones)
  • No other uncontrolled illness including, but not limited to, any of the following: ongoing or active infection, symptomatic congestive heart failure, unstable angina pectoris, cardiac arrhythmia or psychiatric illness/social situations that would preclude study compliance
  • Not pregnant or nursing

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00470301

Layout table for location information
United States, Florida
H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center and Research Institute
Tampa, Florida, United States, 33612
United States, New York
Albert Einstein College of Medicine
Bronx, New York, United States, 10461
Montefiore Medical Center
Bronx, New York, United States, 10467-2490
Mount Sinai Medical Center
New York, New York, United States, 10029
Columbia University Medical Center
New York, New York, United States, 10032
Weill Medical College of Cornell University
New York, New York, United States, 10065
United States, Texas
M D Anderson Cancer Center
Houston, Texas, United States, 77030
Sponsors and Collaborators
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Layout table for investigator information
Principal Investigator: Dawn Hershman Montefiore Medical Center

Publications of Results:
Layout table for additonal information
Responsible Party: National Cancer Institute (NCI) Identifier: NCT00470301     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: NCI-2009-00239
NCI-2009-00239 ( Other Identifier: CTRP (Clinical Trial Reporting Program) )
06-12-487 ( Other Identifier: Montefiore Medical Center )
7868 ( Other Identifier: CTEP )
P30CA013330 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
N01CM62202 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
N01CM62204 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
First Posted: May 7, 2007    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: May 22, 2015
Last Update Posted: May 22, 2015
Last Verified: February 2014
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Layout table for MeSH terms
Breast Neoplasms
Breast Neoplasms, Male
Neoplasms by Site
Breast Diseases
Skin Diseases
Albumin-Bound Paclitaxel
Liposomal doxorubicin
Antineoplastic Agents, Phytogenic
Antineoplastic Agents
Tubulin Modulators
Antimitotic Agents
Mitosis Modulators
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Immunosuppressive Agents
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Antirheumatic Agents
Antineoplastic Agents, Alkylating
Alkylating Agents
Myeloablative Agonists
Antibiotics, Antineoplastic
Topoisomerase II Inhibitors
Topoisomerase Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors