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Flavopiridol, Cytarabine, and Mitoxantrone in Treating Patients With Relapsed or Refractory Acute Leukemia

This study has been completed.
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
National Cancer Institute (NCI) Identifier:
First received: May 3, 2007
Last updated: September 27, 2013
Last verified: September 2013
Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as flavopiridol, cytarabine, and mitoxantrone, work in different ways to stop the growth of cancer cells, either by killing the cells or by stopping them from dividing. Giving a new schedule of more than one drug (combination chemotherapy) may kill more cancer cells. This phase I trial is studying the side effects, best dose, and best schedule for flavopiridol when given together with cytarabine and mitoxantrone in treating patients with relapsed or refractory acute leukemia.

Condition Intervention Phase
Adult Acute Megakaryoblastic Leukemia (M7)
Adult Acute Minimally Differentiated Myeloid Leukemia (M0)
Adult Acute Monoblastic Leukemia (M5a)
Adult Acute Monocytic Leukemia (M5b)
Adult Acute Myeloblastic Leukemia With Maturation (M2)
Adult Acute Myeloblastic Leukemia Without Maturation (M1)
Adult Acute Myeloid Leukemia With 11q23 (MLL) Abnormalities
Adult Acute Myeloid Leukemia With Inv(16)(p13;q22)
Adult Acute Myeloid Leukemia With t(16;16)(p13;q22)
Adult Acute Myeloid Leukemia With t(8;21)(q22;q22)
Adult Acute Myelomonocytic Leukemia (M4)
Adult Erythroleukemia (M6a)
Adult Pure Erythroid Leukemia (M6b)
Malignant Neoplasm
Recurrent Adult Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia
Recurrent Adult Acute Myeloid Leukemia
Drug: alvocidib
Drug: cytarabine
Drug: mitoxantrone hydrochloride
Other: pharmacological study
Phase 1

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Phase I Study of a Pharmacologically Derived Hybrid Bolus-Infusion Schedule of Flavopiridol (NSC 649890, IND 46,211) Given in Timed Sequential Combination With Cytosine Arabinoside (Ara-C) and Mitoxantrone for Adults With Relapsed and Refractory Acute Leukemias

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by National Cancer Institute (NCI):

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Maximum tolerated dose determined by dose-limiting toxicities graded according to NCI-CTC version 3.0 [ Time Frame: Up to 63 days ]

Enrollment: 35
Study Start Date: April 2007
Primary Completion Date: January 2011 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Arm I
Patients receive flavopiridol IV over 30 minutes on days 1, 2, and 3. Patients receive cytarabine IV continuously over 72 hours beginning on day 6 and mitoxantrone hydrochloride IV over 60-120 minutes on day 9.
Drug: alvocidib
Given IV
Other Names:
  • flavopiridol
  • HMR 1275
  • L-868275
Drug: cytarabine
Given IV
Other Names:
  • ARA-C
  • arabinofuranosylcytosine
  • arabinosylcytosine
  • Cytosar-U
  • cytosine arabinoside
Drug: mitoxantrone hydrochloride
Given IV
Other Names:
  • CL 232315
  • DHAD
  • DHAQ
  • Novantrone
Other: pharmacological study
Correlative study
Other Name: pharmacological studies

Detailed Description:


I. Determine the toxicities of escalating doses of flavopiridol administered by "hybrid" bolus-infusion schedule and given in timed sequence with cytarabine and mitoxantrone hydrochloride in patients with refractory or relapsed acute leukemia.

II. Determine the incidence of clinical response in patients treated with this regimen.

OUTLINE: This is a dose-escalation study of flavopiridol. Patients receive flavopiridol IV over 30 minutes on days 1, 2, and 3.

Patients receive cytarabine IV continuously over 72 hours beginning on day 6 and mitoxantrone hydrochloride IV over 60-120 minutes on day 9. Treatment repeats every 35-63 days for up to 2 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

Cohorts of 3-6 patients receive escalating doses of flavopiridol until the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) is determined. The MTD is defined as the dose preceding that at which 1 of 3 or 2 of 6 patients experience dose-limiting toxicity.

Serum and bone marrow samples are collected at baseline, during, and after completion of treatment for future studies. Flavopiridol levels are measured at baseline and on days 1-3 for pharmacokinetics.


Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Pathologically confirmed acute myeloid leukemia or acute lymphoblastic leukemia:

    • Relapsed >= 1 time OR refractory disease:

      • Patients who fail primary induction therapy or who relapse after achieving complete remission are eligible if they have received =< 3 prior courses of induction/reinduction therapy
  • Relapsed >= 1 time OR refractory disease
  • Patients who fail primary induction therapy or who relapse after achieving complete remission are eligible if they have received =< 3 prior courses of induction/reinduction therapy
  • No active CNS leukemia
  • ECOG performance status 0-2
  • AST and ALT =< 5 times upper limit normal (ULN)
  • Alkaline phosphatase =< 5 times ULN
  • Bilirubin =< 2.0 mg/dL
  • Creatinine =< 2.0 mg/dL
  • Not pregnant or nursing
  • Negative pregnancy test
  • Fertile patients must use effective contraception
  • LVEF >= 45% by MUGA or ECHO
  • No active, uncontrolled infection
  • No other life-threatening illness
  • No mental deficits and/or psychiatric history that would preclude study compliance
  • No active graft-vs-host disease
  • Recovered from all prior therapies
  • At least 24 hours since prior hydroxyurea, steroids, imatinib mesylate, arsenic trioxide, interferon, or leukapheresis for blast count control
  • At least 4 weeks since prior stem cell transplantation (autologous or allogeneic)
  • At least 4 days since prior growth factors
  • At least 3 weeks since prior chemotherapy, except for non-aplasia producing treatments (e.g., low-dose cyclophosphamide, hydroxyurea, interferon, imatinib mesylate, mercaptopurine, thalidomide, azacitidine, or decitabine)
  • No prior flavopiridol
  • No other concurrent chemotherapy, radiotherapy, or immunotherapy
  • No acute promyelocytic leukemia (M3)
  • No hyperleukocytosis with > 50,000 blasts/mm^3
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Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT00470197

United States, Maryland
Johns Hopkins University
Baltimore, Maryland, United States, 21287-8936
United States, Wisconsin
University of Wisconsin Hospital and Clinics
Madison, Wisconsin, United States, 53792
Sponsors and Collaborators
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Principal Investigator: Judith Karp Johns Hopkins University
  More Information

Publications automatically indexed to this study by Identifier (NCT Number):
Responsible Party: National Cancer Institute (NCI) Identifier: NCT00470197     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: NCI-2009-00243
NCI-2009-00243 ( Registry Identifier: CTRP (Clinical Trial Reporting Program) )
J06133 ( Other Identifier: Johns Hopkins University )
7889 ( Other Identifier: CTEP )
U01CA070095 ( US NIH Grant/Contract Award Number )
U01CA062491 ( US NIH Grant/Contract Award Number )
Study First Received: May 3, 2007
Last Updated: September 27, 2013

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Leukemia, Myeloid
Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute
Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma
Leukemia, Lymphoid
Leukemia, Monocytic, Acute
Leukemia, Myelomonocytic, Acute
Leukemia, Erythroblastic, Acute
Leukemia, Megakaryoblastic, Acute
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Lymphoproliferative Disorders
Lymphatic Diseases
Immunoproliferative Disorders
Immune System Diseases
Myeloproliferative Disorders
Bone Marrow Diseases
Hematologic Diseases
Antimetabolites, Antineoplastic
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Antineoplastic Agents
Antiviral Agents
Anti-Infective Agents
Immunosuppressive Agents
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs processed this record on May 25, 2017