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Phase 2, Open-Label, Multi-Dose Study of Panhematin in Patients With MDS

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00467610
Recruitment Status : Terminated (lack of efficacy.)
First Posted : April 30, 2007
Results First Posted : October 24, 2014
Last Update Posted : October 24, 2014
H. Lundbeck A/S
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Jamile Shammo, Rush University Medical Center

Brief Summary:

This is a Phase II, open-label clinical trial examining the role of Panhematin® in patients with MDS. The objective of this study is to evaluate the safety and efficacy of Panhematin® (hematin for injection) in the treatment of adult patients (≥ 18 years of age) with low-risk MDS.

The study will be conducted on an outpatient basis and will consist of the following:

  • A Screening Period (within 28 days of the Day 1)
  • Screening bone marrow aspiration and biopsy up to 60 days prior to receiving study medication
  • An 8-week Treatment Period (Days 1 through 4 of Week 1, and weekly visits during Weeks 2 through 8); partial and complete responders in any of the three cell lines may continue treatment for an additional 4 weeks
  • A 6-month Post treatment Follow-up Period (monthly clinic visits during Weeks 12 40)

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Myelodysplastic Syndrome Drug: Panhematin Phase 2

Detailed Description:

The myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS), a diverse group of hematopoietic stem cell (HSC) disorders, are characterized by ineffective hematopoiesis that manifest clinically as anemia, neutropenia, and/or thrombocytopenia. MDS is most frequently observed in the elderly population (median age between 60 and 70 years) and has a male predominance. The incidence of MDS varies from 2.1 to 12.6 cases per 100,000 people per year, with an estimated prevalence of up to 55,000 patients in the United States [Catenacci, 2005; Williamson, 1994; Aul, 1998; Aul, 2001]. Patients with MDS most frequently present with symptoms of fatigue, pallor, exertional dyspnea, infection, bleeding or bruising [Catenacci, 2005].

MDS can be divided into 2 major subtypes: indolent (or early) MDS, in which pro-apoptotic forces predominate, and aggressive (or advanced) MDS, in which pro-proliferative factors are more common.

The only curative therapy for MDS is allogeneic transplantation [Catenacci, 2005; Thompson, 2005]. Curative treatments are restricted to younger, healthier individuals with histocompatible-matched donors or those able to undergo intensive chemotherapeutic regimens [Catenacci, 2005]. Recently, the FDA approved 3 agents for the treatment of this disease, Vidaza, Dacogen, and revlimid. The latter is approved for a subset of patients with MDS with del 5q abnormality, the former two are more applicable to higher risk disease. Rhu-EPO is currently available to patients with low risk MDS however, if they fail, their options are limited to the agents mentioned above, all of which have significant myelotoxic effects. Effective and less myelosuppressive treatments for low-risk MDS are needed.

We are proposing a novel approach for the treatment of patients with low-risk MDS using heme supplementation with Panhematin® (hemin for injection). Panhematin® is an iron-containing metalloporphyrin, indicated for the amelioration of recurrent attacks of acute intermittent porphyria; it acts to limit the hepatic and/or marrow synthesis of porphyrin, presumably, as a result of the inhibition of aminolevulinic acid synthetase (the enzyme which limits the rate of porphyrin/heme biosynthetic pathway) [Panhematin® Product Prescribing Information].

There are pre-clinical and clinical data to suggest that heme supplementation with Panhematin® (hematin for injection) has potential as a treatment option for patients with MDS. Preliminary data indicate hemin administration has the potential to stimulate progenitor cell growth, stimulate globin synthesis, and elevate overall hemoglobin levels. Panhematin® has been proven to be well tolerated when used therapeutically in patients with acute intermittent porphyria, and it is anticipated to be well tolerated in this patient population. For this study, selected patients will have low or intermediate 1 risk disease by IPSS, and the standard of care for MDS (supportive therapies) will be administered as needed. Measurement of serum porphyrin levels and Hgb F will be done at baseline and at week 8.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 6 participants
Allocation: Non-Randomized
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase 2, Open-Label, Multiple-Dose Study Investigating the Efficacy and Safety of Panhematin in Patients With Low or Intermediate-1 Risk Myelodysplastic Syndrome
Study Start Date : May 2007
Actual Primary Completion Date : December 2008
Actual Study Completion Date : January 2009

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Drug Information available for: Hemin

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Panhematin Drug: Panhematin

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Safety and Tolerability of Panhematin®. [ Time Frame: participants were followed during therapy with panhematin, and up to six months post completion of therapy, average of 8 months. ]
    Number of patients with no adverse events.

  2. Response Rate ( CR+PR) at Week 8, Based on the IWG Criteria for Response Assessment ( 2000 Version) [ Time Frame: After 8 weeks of therapy with panhematin ]

    Complete response(CR): <5% blasts in the bone marrow,with normal maturation of all cell lines, Hemoglobin >11 g/dL, neutrophils>1500/mm3 platelets>100,000/mm3.

    Partial response (PR): >50% decrease in blasts, or less advanced IPSS than pretreatment value, same hematological parameters as in CR.

    Stable disease (SD): No evidence of disease progression in bone marrow, stable peripheral blood counts failure: Increase in bone marrow blast percentage, progression to more advanced IPSS than pretreatment and worsening of cytopenias.

    (Cheson, 2000)

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Number of Patients Demonstrating Hematological Improvement to Panhematin® at Week 4. [ Time Frame: 4 weeks after initiation of treatment with Panhematin ]

    Hematological improvement (HI)


    HI-Erythroid:>2 g/dL rise in hemoglobin, or transfusion independence HI-Neutrophil: Absolute increase of >500/mm3, or >100% increase HI-Platelet: Absolute increase of >30,000, or transfusion independence


    HI-Erythroid:1 to 2 g/dL increase in hemoglobin or 50% decrease in transfusion dependence.

    HI-P: For patients with pretreatment platelet count < 100,000/mm3, ≥ 50% increase with a net increase > 10,000/mm3 but < 30,000/mm3.

    HI-N: For patients with pretreatment ANC < 1500/mm3, ≥ 100% increase, but < 500/mm3 increase.

  2. Hematological Improvement Rate at Week 8 as Defined by the IWG 2000 Criteria for Response Assessment, 2000 Version [ Time Frame: At 8 weeks from start of therapy ]

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

A patient will be eligible for study participation if all of the following criteria are met:

  1. The patient must sign and date the IRB/IEC approved Informed Consent Form/HIPAA Authorization prior to study participation.
  2. Patient is at least 18 years of age.
  3. If female:

    1. Patient, either male or female, is either not of childbearing potential, defined as postmenopausal for at least 1 year or surgically sterile (bilateral tubal ligation, bilateral oophorectomy or hysterectomy), or if of childbearing potential, must comply with an effective method of birth control acceptable to the Investigator during the study (oral contraceptives, Depo-Provera, intra-uterine device), for at least 1 month prior to enrollment and for 1 month following the completion of the study.
    2. Patient is not breastfeeding.
    3. Patient of childbearing potential must have a negative urine or serum pregnancy test during the screening period.
  4. Patient has a diagnosis of low- or intermediate-1 risk MDS, as determined by the International Prognostic Scoring (IPSS) (score of 0-1).
  5. Patient must be transfusion dependent (i.e., received ≥ 2 units over an 8-week period prior to registration) or have a hemoglobin value ≤ 10 g/dL on the screening laboratories.
  6. Patients must have ≤ 10% blasts in the bone marrow and peripheral blood.
  7. Patient must have a platelet counts > 50,000/microliters and absolute neutrophil counts (ANC) >500/microliters.
  8. Patient must have adequate hepatic and renal functions, defined as serum bilirubin, serum glutamic-oxaloacetic transaminase (SGOT), and serum glutamate pyruvate transaminase (SGPT) ≤ 2 times the upper limit of normal (ULN), and creatinine ≤ 1.5 times the ULN.
  9. Patient must have an ECOG score of ≤ 2.
  10. The patient has a negative human immunodeficiency virus antibody (HIV) test result.

Exclusion Criteria:

A patient will be ineligible for study participation if any of the following criteria are met:

  1. The patient has a history of an allergic reaction or significant sensitivity to Panhematin®.
  2. The patient has taken or used any investigational drug or device in the 30 days prior to screening.
  3. The patient has chronic myelomonocytic leukemia (CMML).
  4. The patient has a history of deep vein thrombosis or known hypercoagulable state.
  5. The patient has a history of a pre-existing medical condition that, in the opinion of the investigator, will interfere with the participation in the study.
  6. The patient has poor peripheral venous access, if central venous access is not available.
  7. The patient has an uncontrolled active infection.
  8. The patient has positive test results for hepatitis B surface antigen, and hepatitis C virus antibody.
  9. The patient has any other condition or prior therapy that, in the opinion of the Investigator, would make the patient unsuitable for the study.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00467610

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United States, Illinois
Rush University Medical Center
Chicago, Illinois, United States, 60612
Sponsors and Collaborators
Rush University Medical Center
H. Lundbeck A/S
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Principal Investigator: Jamile Shammo, MD Rush University Medical Center
Panhematin® Product Prescribing Information. Abbott Laboratories, August 2000 Edition
Vidaza® Product Prescribing Information. Pharmion Corporation, 5-18-04 Edition

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Responsible Party: Jamile Shammo, Associate Professor of Medicine and Pathology, Rush University Medical Center Identifier: NCT00467610    
Other Study ID Numbers: MDS 2005-01
06011001 ( Other Grant/Funding Number: Ovation pharmaceuticals )
First Posted: April 30, 2007    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: October 24, 2014
Last Update Posted: October 24, 2014
Last Verified: October 2014
Keywords provided by Jamile Shammo, Rush University Medical Center:
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Myelodysplastic Syndromes
Pathologic Processes
Bone Marrow Diseases
Hematologic Diseases
Precancerous Conditions