Aspirin for Treatment of Multiple Sclerosis-Related Fatigue
|Multiple Sclerosis Fatigue||Drug: High Dose Aspirin (1300 mg/day) Drug: Low Dose Aspirin (162 mg/day) Drug: Placebo||Phase 3|
|Study Design:||Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double (Participant, Investigator)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Official Title:||Aspirin for Treatment of Multiple Sclerosis-Related Fatigue|
- Modified Fatigue Impact Scale Score [ Time Frame: Baseline, 8 weeks ]The Modified Fatigue Impact Scale is a list of 21 statements describing how fatigue may affect a person's functioning. Answers ranging from 0 (Never) to 4 (Almost always) were provided by the study subjects for the prior 4 week period. A total score was tallied from a possible 0 (no fatigue impact) to 84 (almost always impacted by fatigue). A lower total score indicates less fatigue-related impact while a higher total score indicates greater fatigue-related impact on a subject's functioning.
|Study Start Date:||July 2007|
|Study Completion Date:||September 2013|
|Primary Completion Date:||September 2013 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
Active Comparator: High Dose Aspirin
High Dose Aspirin; 1300 milligrams of aspirin per day, taken by mouth as two tablets, twice per day for 8 weeks
Drug: High Dose Aspirin (1300 mg/day)
1300 milligrams per day (the equivalent of 4 regular aspirin tablets) taken by mouth as two tablets, twice a day in the morning and at noon for 8 weeks
Active Comparator: Low Dose Aspirin
Low Dose Aspirin; 162 milligrams of aspirin per day (the equivalent of 2 baby aspirin tablets) taken by mouth as two tablets, twice a day in the morning and at noon for 8 weeks
Drug: Low Dose Aspirin (162 mg/day)
162 milligrams per day (the equivalent of 2 baby aspirin tablets) taken by mouth as two tablets, twice a day in the morning and at noon for 8 weeks
Placebo Comparator: Placebo
Placebo tablets, matching the active aspirin tablets in appearance, taken by mouth twice per day for 8 weeks
Placebo tablets matching the active aspirin tablets in appearance, taken as two tablets, twice per day for 8 weeks
Fatigue is the most common symptom of multiple sclerosis (MS), affecting up to 90% of people with the disease. MS-related fatigue can be disabling even when other features of MS are mild. It can interfere with physical activity, memory and thinking, social and family activities, and ability to work. Initial treatment consists of energy conservation techniques such as rest periods or naps but when these approaches fail doctors usually recommend a trial of medications. Amantadine, modafinil, and other stimulants are commonly used but help only about half of those who try them. It is unlikely that these drugs directly affect the cause of MS-related fatigue.
It has been difficult to develop new drug therapies for MS-related fatigue because we do not fully understand its causes and do not have precise ways to measure it. We rely on a person's self-report about their fatigue but individuals experience and report fatigue differently. Recent research has shown that some fatigue aspects, such as difficulty maintaining mental concentration ("cognitive fatigue") and physical activity ("motor fatigue"), can be measured more precisely and require further study.
We recently reported results from a study showing that people taking the equivalent of four regular aspirin tablets (1300 mg) daily had reduced MS-related fatigue compared with placebo (sugar pill). The current proposal will attempt to confirm the benefit of aspirin in a larger group of people and to determine if the benefit is related to inflammation. One hundred and thirty-five people with MS-related fatigue will participate at MS clinics at three Mayo Clinic sites. Participants will complete questionnaires that ask about the severity and impact of their fatigue, memory testing to assess cognitive fatigue, and have blood testing to measure markers of inflammation. At the Arizona site, participants will also do strength testing in a motor laboratory to assess motor fatigue. After obtaining two separate baseline evaluations, the participants will be randomly assigned treatment such that one-third will receive 1300 mg per day of aspirin, one-third will receive 162 mg per day of aspirin and one-third will receive a matching placebo. All participants will then return to the clinic on two more occasions over the next eight weeks to repeat the questionnaires, memory and strength testing, blood tests, and report any side-effects. At the end of the study, the results of one of the fatigue questionnaires will be analyzed to determine if aspirin significantly improved fatigue compared with the placebo. The results of other questionnaires and the memory and strength testing will be analyzed as supportive evidence.
If this study is successful, it will provide strong scientific evidence that aspirin helps MS-related fatigue. It will add an important new option for treatment of all MS patients that is also familiar, inexpensive, and has a good long-term safety record. At the same time, it will allow us to better understand the causes of MS-related fatigue and how to measure it more precisely. This information will be extremely useful for development of other therapies in the future.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00467584
|United States, Arizona|
|Scottsdale, Arizona, United States, 85259|
|Principal Investigator:||Dean M. Wingerchuk, M.D., MSc||Mayo Clinic|