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Sorafenib Tosylate and Gene Expression Analysis in Patients Undergoing Surgery For High-Risk Localized Prostate Cancer

This study has been completed.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
First Posted: April 27, 2007
Last Update Posted: October 12, 2017
The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Evan Y. Yu, MD, University of Washington
This phase II trial is studying sorafenib tosylate and gene expression in patients undergoing surgery for high-risk localized prostate cancer. Sorafenib tosylate may stop the growth of tumor cells by blocking some of the enzymes needed for cell growth and by blocking blood flow to the tumor. Studying samples of blood and tumor tissues in the laboratory from patients with prostate cancer may help doctors learn more about changes that occur in DNA after treatment with sorafenib tosylate

Condition Intervention Phase
Adenocarcinoma of the Prostate Stage II Prostate Cancer Stage III Prostate Cancer Drug: sorafenib tosylate Genetic: microarray analysis Other: immunohistochemistry staining method Genetic: gene expression analysis Procedure: needle biopsy Procedure: therapeutic conventional surgery Other: laboratory biomarker analysis Genetic: western blotting Genetic: RNA analysis Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase II Study of Sorafenib (Nexavar®) Prior to Radical Prostatectomy in Patients With High-Risk Localized Prostate Cancer

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by Evan Y. Yu, MD, University of Washington:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Efficacy as assessed by changes across transcript profiles by microarray analysis in prostate cancer specimens [ Time Frame: Pre- versus post-treatment ]
    Determined by changes across transcript profiles, by microarray analysis, in pre- versus post-treatment prostate cancer specimens.

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • PSA decline of greater than or equal to 25% and 50% [ Time Frame: Day 1 of cycles 2 and 3 and on the day of radical prostatectomy ]
  • Complete pathologic response [ Time Frame: Day 1 of cycles 1 and 3, and day 43 ]

Enrollment: 5
Study Start Date: December 2006
Primary Completion Date: April 2010 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Treatment (enzyme inhibitor)
Patients receive sorafenib tosylate PO BID on days 1-14. Treatment repeats every 2 weeks for 3 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Beginning 1 or 2 days after completion of sorafenib tosylate, patients undergo radical prostatectomy on approximately day 43.
Drug: sorafenib tosylate
Given PO
Other Names:
  • BAY 43-9006
  • BAY 43-9006 Tosylate Salt
  • BAY 54-9085
  • Nexavar
  • SFN
Genetic: microarray analysis
Correlative studies
Other Name: gene expression profiling
Other: immunohistochemistry staining method
Correlative studies
Other Name: immunohistochemistry
Genetic: gene expression analysis
Correlative studies
Procedure: needle biopsy
Correlative studies
Other Names:
  • aspiration biopsy
  • puncture biopsy
Procedure: therapeutic conventional surgery
Undergo prostatectomy
Other: laboratory biomarker analysis
Correlative studies
Genetic: western blotting
Correlative studies
Other Names:
  • Blotting, Western
  • Western Blot
Genetic: RNA analysis
Correlative studies

Detailed Description:


I. To compare the gene expression changes (transcript profiles) between pre- and post-treatment tumor specimens in order to determine the molecular impact of multi-kinase inhibition on prostate cancer. While this analysis will initially be targeted to tumor cells, gene expression changes in the surrounding stromal tissue may also be analyzed.


I. To determine if specific downstream protein effectors (i.e. ERK, AKT, and S6- kinase) of Sorafenib kinase targets are affected by changes in protein phosphorylation by immunohistochemistry.

II. To provide evidence that Sorafenib has significant anti-tumor effect by comparison of pre- and post-treatment immunohistochemical markers of apoptosis (caspase-3), cell proliferation (Ki-67), and angiogenesis (microvessel density).

III. To determine the pathologic complete response rate, defined as absence of cancer in the prostatectomy specimen.

IV. To determine rates of positive surgical margins, extracapsular extension, seminal vesicle and lymph node involvement with tumor in comparison with Memorial Sloan Kettering pre-operative nomogram predictions.

V. To determine the percentage of patients with a >= 25% and >= 50% decline in PSA while receiving Sorafenib.

VI. To determine tissue Sorafenib levels in prostate tumors after treatment and correlate with molecular, clinical, and/or pathologic outcomes.

VII. To describe changes in overall histology after treatment with Sorafenib and correlate with molecular and clinical outcomes.

VIII. To determine if patients with baseline alterations in phospho-ERK, phospho-AKT, and phospho-S6-kinase expression correlate with treatment related molecular, clinical, and/or pathologic outcomes.

IX. To collect tissue samples for future analysis of correlative biomarkers of prognosis or treatment response.

X. To collect frozen plasma for future analysis of correlative biomarkers of treatment response (no genetic analysis will be performed on these specimens).


Patients receive sorafenib tosylate orally (PO) twice daily (BID) on days 1-14. Treatment repeats every 2 weeks for 3 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Beginning 1 or 2 days after completion of sorafenib tosylate, patients undergo radical prostatectomy on approximately day 43.

After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up for 6-10 weeks.


Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   Male
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Histologically confirmed adenocarcinoma of the prostate
  • Radical prostatectomy and lymph node dissection planned as primary therapy in a patient with acceptable surgical risk (e.g., cardiovascular, pulmonary, and functional status)
  • 10 year or longer life expectancy
  • Any of the following high-risk features: Clinical stage T2b (palpable bilateral involvement) OR surgically resectable T3 OR PSA >= 20 ng/ml OR overall Gleason grade >= 8
  • No evidence of bone metastases on bone scan
  • No evidence of lymph nodes >= 2 cm in diameter on pelvic CT scan
  • Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status of 0, 1, or 2
  • Hemoglobin >= 9.0 g/dl
  • Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) >= 1,500/mm^3
  • Platelet count >= 100,000/mm^3
  • Total bilirubin =< 1.5 x ULN
  • ALT =< 2.5 x the ULN
  • AST =< 2.5 x the ULN
  • INR =< 1.5 and aPTT within normal limits
  • Creatinine =< 1.5 x ULN or creatinine clearance > 60mL/min/1.73 m^2
  • Men must agree to use adequate contraception (abstinence, hormonal in female partner, or barrier method of birth control) prior to study entry, for the duration of study participation, and for at least two weeks after stopping treatment
  • Signed informed patient consent

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Prior therapy for prostate cancer including conventional androgen deprivation therapy, radiotherapy (external beam or brachytherapy), cryotherapy, and/or cytotoxic chemotherapy
  • Any known metastasis; patients with neurological symptoms must undergo a CT scan/MRI of the brain to exclude brain metastasis
  • Significant active medical illness which in the opinion of the investigator would preclude protocol treatment
  • Another malignancy, other than non-melanoma skin cancer, during the past 5 years
  • History of bleeding diathesis or unexpected surgical bleeding
  • Patients with active coagulopathy
  • Cardiac disease: Congestive heart failure > class II NYHA; patients must not have unstable angina (anginal symptoms at rest) or new onset angina (began within the last 3 months) or myocardial infarction within the past 6 months
  • Cardiac ventricular arrhythmias requiring anti-arrhythmic therapy
  • Uncontrolled hypertension, as defined by systolic blood pressure consistently in excess of 150 mmHg, or diastolic pressure consistently in excess of 90 mmHg
  • Thrombolic or embolic events such as a cerebrovascular accident including transient ischemic attacks within the past 6 months
  • Pulmonary hemorrhage/bleeding event >= CTCAE Grade 2 within 4 weeks of first dose of study drug
  • Any other hemorrhage/bleeding event >= CTCAE Grade 3 within 4 weeks of first dose of study drug
  • History of allergic reactions attributed to compounds of similar chemical or biologic composition to sorafenib
  • Patients may not be concurrently receiving any chemotherapy, immunotherapy, hormonal therapy, or molecular targeted agents to treat their prostate cancer
  • Patients may not be receiving any other investigational agents
  • Therapeutic anticoagulation with heparin, low-molecular weight heparin, or warfarin within the last 4 weeks
  • Patients may not be using rifampin, digoxin, quinidine, ketoconazole, itraconazole, cyclosporine, carbamazepine, phenytoin, phenobarbital, St. John's Wart, or products containing grapefruit juice
  • Patients may not be using bevacizumab or any other drugs that target VEGF or VEGF receptors
  • Active clinically significant infections (>= grade 2 NCI-CTCAE version 3.0); patients may enroll after infection resolves
  • HIV-positive patients receiving combination anti-retroviral therapy because of possible pharmacokinetic interactions with Sorafenib
  • Any condition that impairs patient's ability to swallow whole pills
  • Any malabsorption problem
  Contacts and Locations
Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT00466752

United States, Washington
Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center/University of Washington Cancer Consortium
Seattle, Washington, United States, 98109
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of Washington
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Principal Investigator: Evan Yu Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center/University of Washington Cancer Consortium
  More Information

Responsible Party: Evan Y. Yu, MD, Principal Investigator, University of Washington
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00466752     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 6307
NCI-2010-00604 ( Registry Identifier: CTRP (Clinical Trial Reporting Program) )
First Submitted: April 25, 2007
First Posted: April 27, 2007
Last Update Posted: October 12, 2017
Last Verified: March 2017

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Prostatic Neoplasms
Genital Neoplasms, Male
Urogenital Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Genital Diseases, Male
Prostatic Diseases
Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Antineoplastic Agents
Protein Kinase Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Vitamin B Complex
Growth Substances
Physiological Effects of Drugs