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Live Attenuated Japanese Encephalitis (JE) Vaccine Coadministered With Measles Vaccine in Infants 9 Months of Age (JEV03)

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00463684
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : April 20, 2007
Results First Posted : February 8, 2019
Last Update Posted : February 8, 2019
Sponsor:
Collaborators:
Ministry of Health of Sri Lanka
Mahidol University
Quintiles Singapore
Information provided by:
PATH

Brief Summary:
To facilitate introduction of live attenuated SA 14-14-2 Japanese encephalitis vaccine (LJEV) into the National Immunization Programme of Sri Lanka, we evaluated the safety and immunogenicity of co-administration of LJEV and measles vaccine at 9 months of age. The primary hypothesis was that the seropositivity rate at 28 days post vaccination in Japanese Encephalitis (JE) and measles concomitantly vaccinated subjects 9 months of age is greater than 80% for JE and greater than 90% for measles.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Japanese Encephalitis Biological: Live, Attenuated Japanese Encephalitis SA 14-14-2 Vaccine Biological: Live, attenuated measles vaccine Phase 4

Detailed Description:
JE virus is an arbovirus that causes a devastating neurological disease resulting in high rates of mortality orneurologic sequelae. The severity of sequelae, together with the volume of cases, makes JE an important cause of encephalitis. The disease is endemic across temperate and tropical zones of Asia,and because of its zoonotic cycle, eradicating JE from the environment is unrealistic. Universal childhood vaccination is essential for disease control. In Sri Lanka, immunization against JE began in 1988. By 2006, two types of JE vaccines were available for use in Sri Lanka—inactivated mouse brain-derived vaccine and live attenuated SA-14-14-2 JE vaccine (LJEV). Only the inactivated vaccine was being used in the country's public-sector immunization program. Concern in Japan over a rare but potentially dangerous adverse event associated with a mouse brain-derived vaccine led the manufacturer in Japan to discontinue production in 2005, thus limiting global supply of inactivated JE vaccines and raising costs for remaining inactivated vaccines. In August of 2006, the World Health Organization stated in its position paper on Japanese encephalitis vaccines that the mouse brain-derived vaccine should be replaced by a new generation of JE vaccines. For Sri Lanka, switching to the less expensive LJEV was estimated in 2006 to save the National Immunization Programme (NIP) between US$8.6 and $8.9 million annually in direct vaccine costs alone. To generate local immunogenicity and safety data to guide policy for potential use of LJEV in Sri Lanka's NIP, the Ministry of Healthcare and Nutrition, in cooperation with PATH, initiated the study. The study was conducted in three peri-urban health divisions of low JE endemicity in the District of Colombo.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 278 participants
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Official Title: Assessment of the Immunogenicity and Safety of Japanese Encephalitis Live Attenuated SA 14-14-2 Vaccine in Children in Sri Lanka
Study Start Date : July 7, 2007
Actual Primary Completion Date : November 7, 2007
Actual Study Completion Date : October 6, 2008

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Encephalitis Measles

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: All subjects
Healthy infants 9 months of age (plus or minus 2 weeks) that met the eligibility criteria. Subjects received one dose of Live, Attenuated Japanese Encephalitis SA 14-14-2 Vaccine (LJEV) and one dose of live, attenuated measles vaccine.
Biological: Live, Attenuated Japanese Encephalitis SA 14-14-2 Vaccine
Manufactured by Chengdu Institute of Biological Products (CDIBP), Chengdu, China; batch 200611A078-1. Administered subcutaneously in the right brachium.

Biological: Live, attenuated measles vaccine
Manufactured by Serum Institute of India, Ltd, Pune, India; batch EU3244. Administered subcutaneously in the left brachium.




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Number and Percentage of Subjects With Demonstrated Seropositivity for Japanese Encephalitis (JE) Neutralizing Antibodies [ Time Frame: 1 year ]
    Blood serum was collected immediately before administration (Day 0), Day 28, six months post-administration, and 1 year later. Serum neutralizing antibodies to the Beijing-1 JE strain were measured by plaque reduction neutralization test (PRNT) where the neutralizing titer was measured as the inverse dilution at which plaque counts were reduced by 50%. Seropositivity was defined as a titer of ≥1:10.

  2. Number and Percentage of Subjects With Demonstrated Seropositivity for Anti-measles Immunoglobulin G (IgG): Manufacturer Definition [ Time Frame: 1 year ]
    Blood serum was collected immediately before administration (Day 0), Day 28, six months post-administration, and 1 year later. Serum anti-measles immunoglobulin class G (IgG) antibodies were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) (Serion ELISA classic Measles Virus IgG, Serion GmbH, Würzburg,Germany). For anti-measles IgG, two definitions of seropositivity were used: per manufacturer's instruction (concentration of>200 mIU/mL, this table) and when including those with "borderline" results (≥150 mIU/mL).

  3. Number and Percentage of Subjects With Demonstrated Seropositivity for Anti-measles Immunoglobulin G (IgG): Including Borderline Subjects [ Time Frame: 1 year ]
    Blood serum was collected immediately before administration (Day 0), Day 28, six months post-administration, and 1 year later. Serum anti-measles immunoglobulin class G (IgG) antibodies were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) (Serion ELISA classic Measles Virus IgG, Serion GmbH, Würzburg,Germany). For anti-measles IgG, two definitions of seropositivity were used: per manufacturer's instruction (concentration of>200 mIU/mL) and when including those with "borderline" results (≥150 mIU/mL, this table).


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Geometric Mean Titer (GMT) of Japanese Encephalitis (JE) Neutralizing Antibodies [ Time Frame: 1 year ]
    Blood serum was collected immediately before administration (Day 0), Day 28, six months post-administration, and 1 year later. Serum neutralizing antibodies to the Beijing-1 JE strain were measured by plaque reduction neutralization test (PRNT) where the neutralizing titer was measured as the inverse dilution at which plaque counts were reduced by 50%.

  2. Geometric Mean Titer (GMT) of Anti-measles Immunoglobulin G (IgG) [ Time Frame: 1 year ]
    Blood serum was collected immediately before administration (Day 0), Day 28, six months post-administration, and 1 year later. Serum anti-measles immunoglobulin class G (IgG) antibodies were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) (Serion ELISA classic Measles Virus IgG, Serion GmbH, Würzburg,Germany). For anti-measles IgG, two definitions of seropositivity were used: per manufacturer's instruction (concentration of>200 mIU/mL, this table) and when including those with "borderline" results (≥150 mIU/mL).

  3. Number and Percentage of Subjects With Immediate Reactions, Local and Systemic Reactions, and Unsolicited Adverse Events (AE) [ Time Frame: 1 year ]
    Subjects were monitored for immediate AEs and local reactions for 30 minutes after each injection by a study physician. Thereafter, parents recorded axillary temperature, local reactions (redness, swelling, pain, and other local reactions), and systemic symptoms (high-grade fever, anorexia, crying, diarrhea, drowsiness, insomnia, irritability, vomiting, and other systemic symptoms) in a study diary for 7 days afterwards. Study staff called the subjects' parents 2 days after vaccination and monthly through 1 year to inquire about the child's well being and review the diary card. The subject was visited at home on Day 7 to review and collect the reactogenicity diary card. The subject returned to the vaccination clinic on Day 28, 6 months, and 1 year to be examined, have a blood draw, and review any AEs or serious adverse events (SAE) with parents.

  4. Number of Solicited Local Reactions to LJEV: Days 0-3 [ Time Frame: 3 days ]
    Parents recorded axillary temperature, local reactions (redness, swelling, pain, and other local reactions), and systemic symptoms (high-grade fever, anorexia, crying, diarrhea, drowsiness, insomnia, irritability, vomiting, and other systemic symptoms) in a study diary for 7 days after vaccination. The subject was visited at home on Day 7 to review and collect the reactogenicity diary card.

  5. Number of Solicited Local Reactions to LJEV: Days 4-7 [ Time Frame: 4 days ]
    Parents recorded axillary temperature, local reactions (redness, swelling, pain, and other local reactions), and systemic symptoms (high-grade fever, anorexia, crying, diarrhea, drowsiness, insomnia, irritability, vomiting, and other systemic symptoms) in a study diary for 7 days after vaccination. The subject was visited at home on Day 7 to review and collect the reactogenicity diary card.

  6. Number of Solicited Local Reactions to Measles Vaccine: Days 0-3 [ Time Frame: 3 days ]
    Parents recorded axillary temperature, local reactions (redness, swelling, pain, and other local reactions), and systemic symptoms (high-grade fever, anorexia, crying, diarrhea, drowsiness, insomnia, irritability, vomiting, and other systemic symptoms) in a study diary for 7 days after vaccination. The subject was visited at home on Day 7 to review and collect the reactogenicity diary card.

  7. Number of Solicited Local Reactions to Measles Vaccine: Days 4-7 [ Time Frame: 4 days ]
    Parents recorded axillary temperature, local reactions (redness, swelling, pain, and other local reactions), and systemic symptoms (high-grade fever, anorexia, crying, diarrhea, drowsiness, insomnia, irritability, vomiting, and other systemic symptoms) in a study diary for 7 days after vaccination. The subject was visited at home on Day 7 to review and collect the reactogenicity diary card.

  8. Number of Solicited Systemic Reactions: Days 0-3 [ Time Frame: 3 days ]
    Parents recorded axillary temperature, local reactions (redness, swelling, pain, and other local reactions), and systemic symptoms (high-grade fever, anorexia, crying, diarrhea, drowsiness, insomnia, irritability, vomiting, and other systemic symptoms) in a study diary for 7 days after vaccination. The subject was visited at home on Day 7 to review and collect the reactogenicity diary card.

  9. Number of Solicited Systemic Reactions: Days 4-7 [ Time Frame: 4 days ]
    Parents recorded axillary temperature, local reactions (redness, swelling, pain, and other local reactions), and systemic symptoms (high-grade fever, anorexia, crying, diarrhea, drowsiness, insomnia, irritability, vomiting, and other systemic symptoms) in a study diary for 7 days after vaccination. The subject was visited at home on Day 7 to review and collect the reactogenicity diary card.



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Ages Eligible for Study:   9 Months to 9 Months   (Child)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Healthy child 9 months (±2 weeks) of age at the enrollment visit.
  • Subject was a full-term infant.
  • Subject's parent or legal guardian is literate and willing to provide written informed consent.
  • Subject is up-to-date for all vaccinations recommended in the Sri Lankan childhood immunization schedule.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Enrolled in another clinical trial involving any therapy.
  • Subject and/or parent(s) or guardian(s) are unable to attend the scheduled visits or comply with the study procedures.
  • Received any non-study vaccine within 2 weeks prior to enrolment or refusal to postpone receipt of such vaccines until 28 days after study entry.
  • Prior or anticipated receipt of immune globulin or other blood products, or injected or oral corticosteroids or other immune modulator therapy except routine vaccines within 6 weeks of administration of study vaccine. Individuals on a tapering dose schedule of oral steroids lasting <7 days may be included in the trial as long as they have not received more than one course within the last 2 weeks prior to enrolment.
  • History of documented or suspected encephalitis, encephalopathy, or meningitis.
  • History of measles.
  • History of Japanese encephalitis.
  • Serious adverse event related (i.e., possible, probably, definite) to previous receipt of any JE vaccine, if applicable.
  • Persistent inconsolable crying (>3 hours) observed after previous receipt of any JE vaccine, if applicable.
  • Hypotonic - hyporesponsiveness after past receipt of any JE vaccine, if applicable.
  • Suspected or known hypersensitivity to any of the investigational or marketed vaccine components.
  • History of serious chronic disease (cardiac, renal, neurologic, metabolic, or rheumatologic).
  • Underlying medical condition such as inborn errors of metabolism, failure to thrive, bronchopulmonary dysplasia, or any major congenital abnormalities requiring surgery or chronic treatment.
  • History of thrombocytopenic purpura.
  • History of seizures, including history of febrile seizures, or any other neurologic disorder.
  • Known or suspected immunologic function impairment of any kind and/or known HIV infection.
  • Parent with known or suspected immunologic function impairment of any kind and/or known HIV infection.
  • Any condition that, in the opinion of the investigator, would pose a health risk to the participant or interfere with the evaluation of the study objectives.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT00463684


Locations
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Sri Lanka
Homagama MOH Division Medical Office
Homagama, District Of Colombo, Sri Lanka
Kolonnawa MOH Division Medical Office
Kolonnawa, District Of Colombo, Sri Lanka
Moratuwa MOH Division Medical Office
Moratuwa, District Of Colombo, Sri Lanka
Sponsors and Collaborators
PATH
Ministry of Health of Sri Lanka
Mahidol University
Quintiles Singapore
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Nihal Abeysinghe, MD, MSc Epidemiological Unit, Sri Lanka Ministry of Healthcare and Nutrition

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00463684     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: JEV03
First Posted: April 20, 2007    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: February 8, 2019
Last Update Posted: February 8, 2019
Last Verified: September 2018

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Encephalitis, Japanese
Encephalitis
Brain Diseases
Central Nervous System Diseases
Nervous System Diseases
Encephalitis, Arbovirus
Arbovirus Infections
Virus Diseases
Encephalitis, Viral
Central Nervous System Viral Diseases
RNA Virus Infections
Flavivirus Infections
Flaviviridae Infections
Infectious Encephalitis
Central Nervous System Infections
Vaccines
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs