COVID-19 is an emerging, rapidly evolving situation.
Get the latest public health information from CDC:

Get the latest research information from NIH: Menu

Efficacy of Gynodian® Depot in Women With Impaired Well-being

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00463450
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : April 20, 2007
Last Update Posted : December 30, 2014
Ecron Acunova GmbH
LKF Laboratory
Information provided by (Responsible Party):

Brief Summary:
The typical menopausal symptoms that are associated with a variety of physical and psychological changes (e.g. nervousness, anxiety, and depression) and also with impaired sexual interest and enjoyment are caused by a lack of estrogen, a female sex hormone produced inside the body. To treat these symptoms, women who are postmenopausal can receive a therapy called 'hormone replacement therapy' (the dosage of hormones to replace the body's deficient hormones), for instance, with estrogen preparations injected into a muscle.In women with a uterus estrogen use causes the lining of the womb (endometrium) to grow (thicken) as before the menopause. With long-term use this may lead to pathological changes of the endometrium. That is why this therapy should be complemented by the estrogens' natural counterbalance, progesterone (progestogen), at a certain interval. This causes the lining of the womb to shed, with monthly bleeding like a normal period, thus avoiding excessive endometrial growth.Estrogen treatment is well known to relieve psychological complaints. The combination of an estrogen with a weak androgen (in this case Dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA)) is presumed to clearly increase this effect. The present clinical study is to prove that Gynodian? Depot as a combination of estrogen and androgen has a better effect on psychological complaints and sexuality in postmenopausal women than has treatment with the estrogen Estradiol valerate alone.All patients will receive the same therapy, but differing in sequence. Either they receive Gynodian? Depot during the first five cycles and the estrogen-only preparation during cycles 6-10 (treatment group 1) or they receive the study medication in reverse order (treatment group 2). Patients will be assigned to one of the two groups at random. In either case they will be given an injection into the gluteal muscle every four weeks.Women with an intact uterus, in addition to the injections (the day of the injection being the 1st day of a cycle) have to take a tablet containing 5 mg Medroxyprogesterone acetate (MPA) (progestogen) per day for 14 days (cycle days 15-28) to enable the endometrium to shed in a monthly period.The study will extend over a total period of about 11 months, during which the patient will have 16 appointments for examinations.After patient has signed on the informed consent form for participation in this clinical study, the investigator will ask her, which diseases she has at the moment or has had during the past 12 months and which medicinal products she has been taking. Subsequently, she will have a gynecological examination (including the breasts) as well as a general physical examination. Blood pressure, heart rate as well as body height and weight will be measured and noted down. In addition, the doctor will question her about physical and psychological menopausal complaints by means of two different, short questionnaires. Only if the evaluation of these two questionnaires shows that she is eligible for the participation in this clinical study, will the following actions be carried through.Approx. 40 ml blood will be taken from the patient for a thorough laboratory test including her hormone levels, and she will be asked for a urine sample. Additionally, she will have a vaginal ultrasound examination of the womb lining, a cervical smear test (unless already done during the last three months), and an x-ray examination of the breasts (mammography) (unless already done during the last 12 months).These measures will be repeated at Final visit.About 3 weeks after visit 1, when the investigator has the results of all tests prescribed at visit 1, the patient will be asked to appear for visit 2.If the patient is eligible for a participation in this clinical study, she will be given the first injection of the study medication.During the following visits, injections will be given, blood pressure and pulse rate as well as body weight will be measured and blood will be drawn to measure the hormone levels.All procedures will apply also during the second treatment period. When switching to the second treatment period a physical and gynecological examination will additionally be performed.Questionnaires have to be filled in by the patient at different time points during the study.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Hormone Replacement Therapy Drug: Gynodian® Depot (BAY86-5032) Drug: BAY86-4980 Phase 3

Detailed Description:
The study has previously been posted by Schering AG, Germany. Schering AG, Germany has been renamed to Bayer Schering Pharma AG, Germany.Bayer Schering Pharma AG, Germany is the sponsor of the trial.

Layout table for study information
Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 140 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Crossover Assignment
Masking: Double (Participant, Investigator)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Multicenter, Double-blind, Randomized, Cross-over Study to Investigate the Efficacy of Gynodian® Depot i.m. Compared to 4 mg Estradiol Valerate i.m. Both Given Every Four Weeks for Five Months Combined With 5 mg Medroxyprogesterone Acetate Orally in Postmeno-pausal Women With Impaired Well-being, Mood and Sexuality
Study Start Date : May 2002
Actual Study Completion Date : April 2004

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Arm 1 Drug: Gynodian® Depot (BAY86-5032)
Injection monthly

Active Comparator: Arm 2 Drug: BAY86-4980

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. To assess the difference in the Global Severity Index (GSI) of both treatment sequences with Gynodian Depot and with estradiol valerate [ Time Frame: After 4.5 cycles of treatment ]

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. To assess the difference in the GSI in both treatment sequences [ Time Frame: After 1.5 cycles of treatment ]
  2. To assess the difference in the scores of the psychometric tests and rating scales SCL-90-R, Menopause rating scale, HADS and Visual analog Scale in both treatment sequences [ Time Frame: After 1.5 and 4.5 cycles of treatment ]
  3. To assess serum hormone levels of DHEA, DHEAS, androsterone, testosterone, dihydrotestosterone, androstenediol-glucuronid, estradiol, estrone, and SHBG [ Time Frame: At end of treatment ]

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.

Layout table for eligibility information
Ages Eligible for Study:   45 Years to 65 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   Female
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Written informed consent
  • Postmenopausal status (amenorrhea for at least 12 months)
  • 45 - 65 years of age
  • Application of estrogen or cyclic estrogen/progestin preparation other than the study medication for at least 6 months prior to Visit 1
  • Relevant impairment of well-being and mood inspite of estrogen therapy (confirmed by questionnaire scores)
  • BMI<33kg/m2

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Uterine bleeding of unknown etiology within the last 2 years
  • Previous or existing or suspected carcinoma of the breast
  • Any malignant disease in the last 5 years
  • Endometrial double layer thickness > 5 mm
  • History of thromboembolic events or existing thromboembolic processes
  • Prior hormone replacement therapy with androgens within 12 months prior to Visit 1
  • Major life events within the last 12 months prior to Visit 1

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00463450

Sponsors and Collaborators
Ecron Acunova GmbH
LKF Laboratory
Layout table for investigator information
Study Director: Bayer Study Director Bayer
Layout table for additonal information
Responsible Party: Bayer Identifier: NCT00463450    
Other Study ID Numbers: 90651
First Posted: April 20, 2007    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: December 30, 2014
Last Verified: December 2014
Keywords provided by Bayer:
Hormone Replacement Therapy
Impaired well-being, mood and sexuality