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Fluorouracil, Hydroxyurea, Cetuximab and Twice-daily Intensity Radiation Therapy for Advanced Head and Neck Cancer

This study has been completed.
Information provided by:
Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai Identifier:
First received: April 18, 2007
Last updated: October 12, 2010
Last verified: June 2008
For advanced head and neck cancer, combined radiation and chemotherapy prevents recurrences and for many patients, improves survival. While combined cisplatin and radiation or cetuximab and radiation is more effective than radiation alone, approximately 50% of these patients will still recur. A more aggressive approach may be needed for these patients to prevent recurrence and death. The strategy of using multiple chemotherapy drugs with radiation given twice a day has been tested at Mount Sinai and University of Chicago. Approximately 80% of patients are cured with this strategy. While cure rates are higher than standard chemotherapy and radiation and the treatment is tolerable, side effects during treatment are common. We propose replacing a chemotherapy drug with a less toxic, targeted therapy called cetuximab. Our goal is to reduce toxicity while maintaining or improving cure rates for these patients.

Condition Intervention Phase
Head and Neck Cancer Cancer of the Pharynx Cancer of the Larynx Nose Neoplasms Paranasal Sinus Neoplasms Cancer of the Oral Cavity Drug: cetuximab Drug: hydroxyurea Drug: fluorouracil Procedure: chemotherapy Procedure: radiotherapy Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Non-Randomized
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Phase II Study of Concomitant Fluorouracil, Hydroxyurea, Cetuximab and Hyperfractionated Intensity Modulated Radiation Therapy for Locally Advanced Head and Neck Cancer

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • locoregional control
  • survival

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • acute and late toxicity
  • quality of life
  • distant metastases

Estimated Enrollment: 30
Study Start Date: February 2007
Primary Completion Date: October 2010 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Age 18 years or older
  • Histologically or cytologically confirmed diagnosis of squamous cell or poorly differentiated carcinomas of the head and neck or lymphoepithelioma
  • No prior chemotherapy or radiotherapy
  • Prior surgical therapy will consist only of incisional or excisional biopsy, and organ sparing procedures such as debulking of airway-compromising tumors or neck dissection in a patient with an existing primary tumor
  • Karnofsky performance status of >= 70%
  • Intact organ and bone marrow function
  • Obtained informed consent

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Demonstration of metastatic disease (i.e. M1 disease).
  • Patients with a history of severe allergic reaction to docetaxel or other drugs formulated with polysorbate 80. History of allergic reactions attributed to compounds of similar chemical or biologic composition to cisplatin, 5-fluorouracil, or hydroxyurea.
  • Other coexisting malignancies or malignancies diagnosed within the previous 3 years with the exception of basal cell carcinoma, cervical cancer in situ, and other treated malignancies with no evidence of disease for at least 3 years.
  • Prior surgical therapy other than incisional or excisional biopsy and organ-sparing procedures such as debulking of airway-compromising tumors or neck dissection in a patient with an unknown primary tumor. Any non-biopsy procedure must have taken place less than 3 months from initiating protocol treatment.
  • Incomplete healing from previous surgery
  • Pregnancy or breast feeding (men and women of child-bearing potential are eligible but must consent to using effective contraception during therapy and for at least 3 months after completing therapy)
  • Uncontrolled intercurrent illness including, but not limited to, ongoing or active infection, symptomatic congestive heart failure (CHF), unstable angina pectoris, cardiac arrhythmia, or psychiatric illness/social situations that would limit compliance with study requirements
  • Patients with clinically significant pulmonary dysfunction, cardiomyopathy, or any history of clinically significant CHF are excluded. The exclusion of patients with active coronary artery disease will be at the discretion of the attending physician.
  • Uncontrolled active infection unless curable with treatment of their cancer.
  Contacts and Locations
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Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT00462735

United States, New York
Mount Sinai School of Medicine
New York, New York, United States, 10029
Sponsors and Collaborators
Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai
Principal Investigator: Johnny Kao, MD Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai
  More Information Identifier: NCT00462735     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: GCO 06-1155
Study First Received: April 18, 2007
Last Updated: October 12, 2010

Keywords provided by Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai:
Cancer of the Nasal Cavity

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Head and Neck Neoplasms
Laryngeal Neoplasms
Paranasal Sinus Neoplasms
Pharyngeal Neoplasms
Nose Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Otorhinolaryngologic Neoplasms
Laryngeal Diseases
Respiratory Tract Diseases
Respiratory Tract Neoplasms
Otorhinolaryngologic Diseases
Nose Diseases
Paranasal Sinus Diseases
Pharyngeal Diseases
Stomatognathic Diseases
Skull Neoplasms
Bone Neoplasms
Bone Diseases
Musculoskeletal Diseases
Antineoplastic Agents
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Antimetabolites, Antineoplastic
Immunosuppressive Agents
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs processed this record on September 21, 2017