Sunitinib and Gemcitabine in Treating Patients With Pancreatic Cancer or Other Solid Tumors

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00462553
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : April 19, 2007
Last Update Posted : February 24, 2014
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
National Cancer Institute (NCI)

Brief Summary:
This phase I trial is studying the side effects and best dose of sunitinib and gemcitabine in treating patients with pancreatic cancer or other solid tumors. Sunitinib may stop the growth of tumor cells by blocking some of the enzymes needed for cell growth and by blocking blood flow to the tumor. Drugs used in hemotherapy, such as gemcitabine, work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells or by stopping them from dividing. Giving sunitinib together with gemcitabine may kill more tumor cells.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Adenocarcinoma of the Pancreas Recurrent Pancreatic Cancer Stage III Pancreatic Cancer Stage IV Pancreatic Cancer Unspecified Adult Solid Tumor, Protocol Specific Drug: sunitinib malate Drug: gemcitabine hydrochloride Phase 1

Detailed Description:


I. Determine the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) of sunitinib malate and gemcitabine hydrochloride in patients with adenocarcinoma of the pancreas or other solid tumors.

II. Determine the toxicity of this regimen in these patients.

OUTLINE: This is a dose-escalation study.

Patients receive gemcitabine hydrochloride IV over 30 minutes on days 1 and 8 OR on days 1, 8, and 15. Patients also receive oral sunitinib malate once daily on days 1-21 OR days 1-28. Treatment repeats every 21 days OR every 28 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

Cohorts of 3-6 patients receive escalating doses of gemcitabine hydrochloride and sunitinib malate until the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) is determined. The MTD is defined as the dose preceding that at which 2 of 3 or 2 of 6 patients experience dose-limiting toxicity. Up to 10 patients may be treated at the recommended phase II dose (RPTD), which is generally the dose level below the maximally administered dose.

After completion of study treatment, patients are followed for 30 days and then periodically thereafter.

Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 37 participants
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase I Study of Sunitinib Malate and Standard Infusion Gemcitabine in Solid Tumors
Study Start Date : March 2007
Actual Primary Completion Date : June 2010

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Arm I
Patients receive gemcitabine hydrochloride IV over 30 minutes on days 1 and 8 OR on days 1, 8, and 15. Patients also receive oral sunitinib malate once daily on days 1-21 OR days 1-28. Treatment repeats every 21 days OR every 28 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
Drug: sunitinib malate
Given orally
Other Names:
  • SU11248
  • sunitinib
  • Sutent

Drug: gemcitabine hydrochloride
Given IV
Other Names:
  • dFdC
  • difluorodeoxycytidine hydrochloride
  • gemcitabine
  • Gemzar

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Maximum tolerated dose (MTD) determined according to dose-limiting toxicities (DLTs) graded using Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events [ Time Frame: 28 days ]

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Response rate assessed by Response Evaluation Criteria for Solid Tumors (RECIST) [ Time Frame: Up to 3 years ]
  2. Overall survival [ Time Frame: Up to 3 years ]

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No


  • Histologically or cytologically confirmed pancreatic adenocarcinoma OR other solid tumor:

    • Not amenable to curative therapy
    • Previously untreated metastatic pancreatic adenocarcinoma allowed
  • Measurable or evaluable disease
  • No history of or known brain metastases, spinal cord compression, carcinomatous meningitis, or new evidence of brain or leptomeningeal disease on screening CT scan or MRI scan
  • ECOG performance status (PS) 0-2 OR Karnofsky PS 60-100%
  • Life expectancy >= 12 weeks
  • Absolute neutrophil count >= 1,500/mm3
  • Platelet count >= 100,000/mm3
  • Hemoglobin >= 8.5 g/dL
  • Bilirubin =< 1.5 mg/dL
  • Creatinine normal OR creatinine clearance >= 60 mL/min
  • AST and ALT =< 2.5 times upper limit of normal (ULN) (=< 5 times ULN if due to underlying disease)
  • Calcium =< 12.0 mg/dL
  • Not pregnant or nursing
  • Negative pregnancy test
  • Fertile patients must use effective contraception during and for at least 6 months after completion of study therapy
  • LVEF normal by MUGA scan or ECHO at baseline
  • Deep venous thrombosis or pulmonary embolism allowed provided they are clinically stable and adequately treated
  • No preexisting thyroid abnormality that results in the inability to maintain thyroid function in the normal range while using medication
  • No history of allergic reactions attributed to compounds of similar chemical or biological composition to sunitinib malate
  • No history of any of the following within the past 6 months:

    • Myocardial infarction
    • Ventricular arrhythmia (i.e., ventricular tachycardia or ventricular fibrillation >= 3 beats in a row)
    • Severe/unstable angina
    • Severe peripheral vascular disease (i.e., claudication)
    • Procedure on peripheral vasculature
    • Coronary/peripheral artery bypass graft
    • Cerebrovascular accident
  • No history of any of the following within the past 6 months:

    • Transient ischemic attack;
    • Clinically significant bleeding requiring red blood cell transfusion
  • No NYHA class III or IV heart disease:

    • Patients with NYHA class II disease who are stable and on medication are eligible
  • No ongoing cardiac dysrhythmias >= grade 2, atrial fibrillation of any grade, or any significant EKG abnormalities
  • No hypertension that cannot be controlled by medications to a systolic blood pressure (BP) of < 140 mm Hg and diastolic BP of < 90 mm Hg
  • No condition that impairs the ability to swallow and retain sunitinib malate tablets, including any of the following:

    • Gastrointestinal tract disease resulting in an inability to take oral medication
    • Requirement for IV alimentation
    • Prior surgical procedures affecting absorption
    • Active peptic ulcer disease
  • No gastrointestinal perforation or intra-abdominal abscess within the past 28 days
  • No serious nonhealing infection or bone fracture
  • No other severe acute or chronic medical condition, psychiatric condition, or laboratory abnormality that would preclude study therapy
  • May have received any number of prior systemic therapies
  • More than 4 weeks since prior radiotherapy or surgery and recovered
  • More than 4 weeks since other prior therapies and recovered
  • Prior gemcitabine hydrochloride allowed
  • No prior sunitinib malate or other therapy directed against VEGF, including any of the following:

Sorafenib; Bevacizumab; Vatalanib; AZD2171; VEGF Trap; Investigational antiangiogenic therapy

  • More than 7 days since prior and no concurrent CYP3A4 inhibitors, including any of the following:

    • Ketoconazole
    • Itraconazole
    • Clarithromycin
    • Erythromycin
    • Diltiazem
    • Verapamil
    • Indinavir
    • Ritonavir
    • Nelfinavir
    • Saquinavir
    • Atazanavir
    • Delavirdine
  • More than 12 days since prior and no concurrent CYP3A4 inducers, including any of the following:

    • Rifampin
    • Rifabutin
    • Carbamazepine
    • Phenobarbital
    • Phenytoin
    • Hypericum perforatum (St. John's wort)
    • Efavirenz
    • Tipranavir
  • No concurrent agents with proarrhythmic potential, including any of the following:

    • Terfenadine
    • Quinidine
    • Procainamide
    • Disopyramide
    • Sotalol
    • Probucol
    • Bepridil
    • Haloperidol
    • Risperidone
    • Indapamide
    • Flecainide
  • No concurrent combination antiretroviral therapy for HIV-positive patients
  • No concurrent treatment on another clinical trial:

Participation in non-therapeutic clinical trials allowed

  • QTc < 500 msec

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00462553

United States, Ohio
Case Western Reserve University
Cleveland, Ohio, United States, 44106
Sponsors and Collaborators
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Principal Investigator: Smitha Krishnamurthi Case Western Reserve University

Responsible Party: National Cancer Institute (NCI) Identifier: NCT00462553     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: NCI-2009-00212
NCI-2009-00212 ( Registry Identifier: CTRP (Clinical Trial Reporting Program) )
CASE 3206
CASE 3206 ( Other Identifier: Case Western Reserve University )
7731 ( Other Identifier: CTEP )
U01CA062502 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
First Posted: April 19, 2007    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: February 24, 2014
Last Verified: April 2013

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Pancreatic Neoplasms
Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Digestive System Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Endocrine Gland Neoplasms
Digestive System Diseases
Pancreatic Diseases
Endocrine System Diseases
Antimetabolites, Antineoplastic
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Antineoplastic Agents
Antiviral Agents
Anti-Infective Agents
Enzyme Inhibitors
Immunosuppressive Agents
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Angiogenesis Inhibitors
Angiogenesis Modulating Agents
Growth Substances
Growth Inhibitors