Dose Escalation Followed by Study of RAD001 in Combination With Trastuzumab in HER2-Positive Metastatic Breast Cancer

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Collaborators:
Novartis Pharmaceuticals
Dana-Farber Cancer Institute
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Gerburg Wulf, MD, PhD, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00458237
First received: April 9, 2007
Last updated: February 12, 2016
Last verified: February 2016
  Purpose
The purpose of this research study is to determine the safety of RAD001 and the highest dose of this drug that can be given to people with HER2-positive metastatic breast cancer safely in combination with trastuzumab. RAD001 has been used in patients with severe rheumatoid arthritis, in recipients of solid-organ transplants, healthy volunteers and experiments with animals, and information from those other research studies suggest that this RAD001 may help to stop cancer cells from growing abnormally.

Condition Intervention Phase
Breast Cancer
Drug: Everolimus
Drug: Trastuzumab
Phase 1
Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Non-Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Brief Dose Escalation Followed by a Phase 2 Study of RAD001 in Combination With Trastuzumab in HER2-Positive Metastatic Breast Cancer

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Dana-Farber Cancer Institute:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Maximum Tolerated Dose (MTD) [ Time Frame: Cycle One (first 21 days of treatment) ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]

    The MTD is determined by the number of patients who experience a dose limiting toxicity (DLT). The MTD is defined as the highest dose at which fewer than one-third of patients experience a DLT. If no DLTs are observed, the MTD is not reached. Dose Limiting Toxicities (DLTs) were defined as follows (CTCAE v4.0):

    • Any grade 4 hematologic toxicity, excluding anemia.
    • Any grade 3 or 4 nonhematologic toxicity, except for nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, or hyperlipidemia that responds promptly (within 24 hours for nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea and within 1 week for hyperlipidemia) to appropriate treatment, and except for cardiac toxicity which will be assessed after 12 weeks of treatment.
    • Need to hold >1 dose of trastuzumab or > 7 doses of RAD001 within the first 3 weeks because of the presence of toxicity.


Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Clinical Response Rate [ Time Frame: Disease assessments occurred every 9 weeks (3 cycles) on treatment. Treatment continued until disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Median duration of treatment was 2.4 months. ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Best response on treatment was based on RECIST 1.0 criteria with overall clinical response defined as achieving stable disease (SD), partial response (PR) or complete response (CR). Per RECIST 1.0 for target lesions, CR is complete disappearance of all target lesions and PR is at least a 30% decrease in the sum of longest diameter (LD) of target lesions, taking as reference baseline sum LD. To be assigned a status of CR or PR, changes in tumor measurements must be confirmed by repeat assessments performed no fewer than 4 weeks after the response. SD is neither CR/PR or progressive disease (PD). PD is at least a 20% increase in sum LD, takings as reference smallest sum LD since treatment started.


Enrollment: 11
Study Start Date: April 2007
Study Completion Date: April 2010
Primary Completion Date: April 2010 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Ph I: Everolimus L1 + Trastuzumab
Cycle duration is 21 days. Participants receive trastuzumab 6 mg/kg [8 mg/kg loading dose] IV once every three weeks and take everolimus 5 mg by mouth daily on days 1-21. Participants are treated until disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
Drug: Everolimus
Everolimus is being administered orally 7 days per week.
Other Name: RAD001
Drug: Trastuzumab
Trastuzumab is being administered at a dose of 6 mg/kg intravenously once every 21 days.
Other Name: Herceptin
Experimental: Ph I: Everolimus L2 + Trastuzumab
Cycle duration is 21 days. Participants receive trastuzumab 6 mg/kg [8 mg/kg loading dose] IV once every three weeks and take everolimus 10 mg by mouth daily on days 1-21. Participants are treated until disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
Drug: Everolimus
Everolimus is being administered orally 7 days per week.
Other Name: RAD001
Drug: Trastuzumab
Trastuzumab is being administered at a dose of 6 mg/kg intravenously once every 21 days.
Other Name: Herceptin
Experimental: PhII: Everolimus MTD + Trastuzumab
Cycle duration is 21 days. Participants receive trastuzumab 6 mg/kg [8 mg/kg loading dose] IV once every three weeks and take everolimus at the MTD by mouth daily on days 1-21. Participants are treated until disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
Drug: Everolimus
Everolimus is being administered orally 7 days per week.
Other Name: RAD001
Drug: Trastuzumab
Trastuzumab is being administered at a dose of 6 mg/kg intravenously once every 21 days.
Other Name: Herceptin

Detailed Description:
  • Since we are looking for the dose of RAD001 that can be given safely in combination with trastuzumab, not everyone will receive the same amount of RAD001. Small groups of participants will be enrolled at a certain dose of RAD001 and if they tolerate the medications well, the next small group will receive a higher dose. This will continue until the optimal dose of RAD001 that can be given in combination with trastuzumab is found.
  • Blood will be drawn on days 1, 2, 8, and 15 of the first cycle of treatment and then once at every 4 cycles for everolimus pharmacokinetics analysis.
  • There is an optional tissue biopsy component to this study asking for 2 biopsies performed pre-treatment and after the cycle one.
  • We will keep track of the participants medical condition for the next three years by calling them on the telephone twice a year to see how they are doing.

OBJECTIVES:

Primary

- To assess the safety and tolerability of RAD001 in combination with trastuzumab in HER2-positive metastatic breast cancer

Secondary

  • To evaluate the activity of RAD001 plus trastuzumab, as defined by objective response rate, in patients with progression on a trastuzumab-containing regimen
  • To evaluate changes in signaling molecules in response to trastuzumab and RAD001 in circulating tumor cells and tumor tissue
  • To evaluate the pharmacokinetics of RAD001 in combination with trastuzumab.

STATISTICAL DESIGN:

This Phase I study followed a standard 3+3 dose escalation design with two dose levels of everolimus in combination with trastuzumab to be evaluated. The DLT observation period was cycle one (first 21 days of treatment). There is a 20 patient expansion cohort treated at the MTD. The regimen would be considered promising if at least 2 objective responses are observed out of 20 treated patients. If the true but unknown response rate is 15% then the probability of observing at least 2 responses is 82% but if the true rate is 5% this probability reduces to 26%.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Histologically or cytologically confirmed invasive breast cancer, with stage IV disease
  • Measurable disease, defined as at least one lesion that can be accurately measured in at least one dimension as greater than or equal to 20mm with conventional techniques or as greater than or equal to 10mm with spiral CT scan.
  • Primary tumor or metastasis must overexpress HER2
  • Patient must have received 1-2 prior chemotherapeutic regiments for metastatic breast cancer and must have been off treatment for at least three weeks.
  • Patient must have received and progressed on at least 1 prior trastuzumab-containing regimen, but not more than 2, in the metastatic setting.
  • Patients may have received prior radiation therapy
  • Patients may have received hormonal therapy in the adjuvant or metastatic setting
  • 18 years of age or older
  • Life expectancy of greater than 6 months
  • Normal organ and marrow function as defined in the protocol
  • Left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) greater than or equal to the institutional lower limit of normal

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Treatment with any investigational drug within 4 weeks
  • Long-term treatment, over 3 months, with a systemic steroid or another immunosuppressive agent
  • Other malignancies within the past 3 years, except for adequately treated carcinoma of teh cervix or basal-or squamous-cell carcinoma of the skin
  • Impairment of gastrointestinal function or gastrointestinal disease that may significantly alter the absorption of RAD001
  • An active, bleeding diathesis or an oral anti-vitamin K medication
  • Prior treatment with an mTOR inhibitor
  • History of non-compliance with medical regimens
  • Unwillingness or inability to comply with the protocol
  • Major surgery within 2 weeks before study entry
  • Patients with active brain metastases or leptomeningeal carcinomatosis
  • Patients who have experienced grade 1 or grade 2 hypersensitivity reactions to prior trastuzumab therapy are eligible ONLY IF these reactions did not prevent further administration
  • Severe and/or uncontrolled intercurrent medical condition, psychiatric illness or a social situation that could limit their ability to comply with the study requirements.
  • Pregnant or breast-feeding women
  • HIV positive patients
  • Known hypersensitivity to RAD001 (everolimus) or other rapamycins
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00458237

Locations
United States, Massachusetts
Dana-Farber Cancer Institute
Boston, Massachusetts, United States, 02115
Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center
Boston, Massachusetts, United States, 02215
Sponsors and Collaborators
Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center
Novartis Pharmaceuticals
Dana-Farber Cancer Institute
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Gerburg Wulf, MD, PhD Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center
  More Information

Publications:
Responsible Party: Gerburg Wulf, MD, PhD, Principal Investigator, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00458237     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 06-124 
Study First Received: April 9, 2007
Results First Received: December 4, 2015
Last Updated: February 12, 2016
Health Authority: United States: Food and Drug Administration
Individual Participant Data  
Plan to Share IPD: No

Keywords provided by Dana-Farber Cancer Institute:
HER2 positive
metastatic breast cancer
RAD001
Herceptin

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Breast Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Neoplasms
Breast Diseases
Skin Diseases
Everolimus
Sirolimus
Trastuzumab
Antineoplastic Agents
Immunosuppressive Agents
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Anti-Bacterial Agents
Anti-Infective Agents
Antibiotics, Antineoplastic
Antifungal Agents

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on July 27, 2016