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Effect of Peppermint Water on Breast Crack

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00456404
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : April 5, 2007
Last Update Posted : April 5, 2007
Information provided by:
Tabriz University

Brief Summary:
To evaluate the effectiveness of a topical preparation of peppermint water in comparison with that of expressed breast milk for the prevention of nipple cracks in primiparous breastfeeding women.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Breast Diseases Drug: peppermint water Not Applicable

Detailed Description:
One hundred and ninety-six primipara participants, who are breastfeeding after delivery at 38 or more week gestation, were assigned randomly to 2 groups, with one of 2 regimens (peppermint water, an old household remedy, and no treatment only using breast milk) to right and left sides. Each group was followed for a maximum of 3 visits within 14 days and until the 6 weeks postpartum by telephone call. The aerial parts of Mentha piperita were purchased from Hakim Momen Tabrizi Company, and the identity was confirmed by morphological characterization in comparison with the herbarium specimen retained in the School of Pharmacy, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences. Also, a voucher specimen has been generated in that herbarium.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Enrollment : 196 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Official Title: Effect of Peppermint Water on Prevention of Nipple Crack in Lactating Primiparous Women: a Randomized Controlled Trial
Study Start Date : February 2005
Actual Study Completion Date : June 2005

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. The primary outcome that the study was designed to evaluate: the presence and severity of sore nipples, nipple pain.
  2. The time at which the outcome is measured: nipple and areola cracks, and pain at days 4, 8, 14.

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. The frequency and duration of breastfeeding at days 4, 8, 14 and the number of mothers who continued feeding at week 6 was used as the secondary outcome

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   14 Years to 40 Years   (Child, Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   Female
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes

Inclusion Criteria:

  • New mothers with healthy term infants (38 weeks gestation or more) are eligible for recruitment into the study. The sample of breastfeeding mothers were collected in two cohorts according delivery type. Each group consisted of 98 primipara mothers.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Mothers who didn’t plan to use peppermint water
  • Discharged before an interview or had preterm delivery
  • Postpartum fever
  • Breast infection
  • Nipple abnormalities
  • Age less than 18 years
  • Twins
  • Taking medications at night
  • Mothers who didn’t have telephone line, and who were illiterate.
  • Infants who used bottle-feeding or pacifier, or who had mouth infection, or an abnormal short frenulum.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00456404

Sponsors and Collaborators
Tabriz University
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Study Director: Manizheh Sayyah Melli, MD Tabriz University of Medical Sciences
Layout table for additonal information Identifier: NCT00456404    
Other Study ID Numbers: 85-2
First Posted: April 5, 2007    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: April 5, 2007
Last Verified: March 2004
Keywords provided by Tabriz University:
peppermint water
nipple crack
lactating women
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Breast Diseases
Skin Diseases