Pre-Treatment Positron Emission Topography Scanning for Increasing Success in Antidepressant Treatment
|Study Design:||Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Official Title:||Biological Predictors of Response to Antidepressants|
- Remission of Depressive Symptoms [ Time Frame: Measured at Week 8 ]Remission in this study is defined as both a ≥50% decrease in the 24-item Hamilton Depression Rating Scale (HDRS) Score and a final 24-item HDRS score <10. Remission of depressive symptoms was calculated for the 28 completers of the SSRI phase.
- Remission of Depressive Symptoms - Tricyclic Phase [ Time Frame: Measured over 8 weeks ]Participants who did not achieve remission during the SSRI phase advanced to the tricyclic phase of the study. Participants were treated with either desipramine or nortriptyline. Seven participants started the tricyclic phase. Four completed the tricyclic phase. The completers (n=4) were analyzed for remission status.
- Improvement in Scores on the Hamilton Depression Rating Scale - SSRI Phase [ Time Frame: Measured at Week 8 ]Mean % improvement from baseline to end of treatment trial using the 24-item Hamilton Depression Rating Scale. Percent improvement of depressive symptoms was calculated for the 28 completers of the SSRI phase. The higher the score on the 24-item HDRS, the greater the depression severity. Minimum score on the scale is 0, and maximum score is 74. Subscales are not used for this analysis.
|Study Start Date:||September 2006|
|Study Completion Date:||May 2012|
|Primary Completion Date:||May 2012 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
Experimental: 1 - SSRI
Participants will receive standardized pharmacotherapy with the SSRI escitalopram over 8 weeks. Non-remitters after 8 weeks will be offered standardized pharmacotherapy with desipramine
Escitalopram will be administered at a dose of 10 mg daily for 4 weeks. If participants have not achieved response (greater than 50 % improvement in Hamilton Depression Rating Scale) by 4 weeks, the dose will be increased to 20 mg. Remission status is determined after an 8-week trial.
Other Name: LexaproDrug: Desipramine
Subsequent to escitalopram trial, non-remitters will be offered pharmacotherapy with desipramine. Desipramine will be initiated at a dose of 50 mg and titrated according to a treatment manual, with monitoring of therapeutic blood levels. Remission status is determined after an 8-week trial.
Other Name: Norpramin
Major depressive disorder (MDD) is characterized by a combination of symptoms that can interfere with a person's ability to work, study, sleep, eat, and enjoy activities that were once pleasurable. Studies have shown that as little as 50% to 60% of individuals with MDD may respond to the first antidepressant medication prescribed. Currently psychiatrists lack tools that allow them to select the treatment plan that is most likely to benefit a particular individual. Some of the chemical abnormalities in the brains of people with MDD are detectable on positron emission topography (PET) scans. There are distinct differences in the PET scans of people with MDD who respond to treatment with a selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI), people with MDD who do not respond to SSRI treatment, and people who do not have MDD. This study will use pretreatment PET and functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) scans of the brain to predict which antidepressants will be most effective in people with MDD. This may help to reduce the trial and error currently associated with antidepressant treatment.
We will perform pretreatment PET scans to quantify serotonin transporter (5-HTT) and serotonin 1A (5-HT1A) receptor in patients with major depressive disorder (MDD). All patients will then receive a standardized treatment protocol with a selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI), escitalopram. If the patient does not remit, he or she will receive a selective norepinephrine reuptake inhibitor (NRI), desipramine. We hypothesize those patients with high pre and postsynaptic 5-HT1A BP and low 5-HTT BP in specific brain regions will not remit to a SSRI and will remit to a selective NRI. Finally, we will generate a predictive model of remission based on brain imaging outcome measures. Our overall goal is to reduce the trial and error associated with antidepressant treatment by using data from pre-treatment quantification of 5-HT1A receptors and 5-HTT to guide antidepressant treatment selection.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00456014
|United States, New York|
|Columbia University/New York State Psychiatric Institute|
|New York, New York, United States, 10032|
|Principal Investigator:||Ramin V. Parsey, MD, PhD||Columbia University|
|Principal Investigator:||Jeffrey M Miller, MD||New York State Psychiatric Institute|