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Pemetrexed Disodium With or Without Sorafenib as Second-Line Therapy in Treating Patients With Stage IIIB or Stage IV Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Alliance for Clinical Trials in Oncology
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00454194
First received: March 27, 2007
Last updated: February 16, 2017
Last verified: February 2017
  Purpose

RATIONALE: Pemetrexed disodium and sorafenib may stop the growth of tumor cells by blocking some of the enzymes needed for cell growth. Sorafenib may also stop the growth of tumor cells by blocking blood flow to the tumor. Giving pemetrexed disodium together with sorafenib may kill more tumor cells.

PURPOSE: This randomized phase II trial is studying pemetrexed disodium and sorafenib to see how well they work compared with pemetrexed disodium alone as second-line therapy in treating patients with stage IIIB or stage IV non-small cell lung cancer.


Condition Intervention Phase
Lung Cancer Drug: pemetrexed disodium Drug: sorafenib tosylate Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: No masking
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Phase II Randomized Study of Pemetrexed With Sorafenib Versus Pemetrexed Alone as Second-Line Therapy in Patients With Advanced Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Alliance for Clinical Trials in Oncology:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Progression-free Survival [ Time Frame: Time from randomization to the disease progression or death (up to 5 years) ]
    The progression-free survival (PFS) was defined as the time from date of randomization to the documentation of disease progression or death as a result of any cause, whichever comes first. Progression is defined using Response Evaluation Criteria In Solid Tumors Criteria (RECIST), as a 20% increase in the sum of the longest diameter of target lesions, or a measurable increase in a non-target lesion, or the appearance of new lesions.


Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Overall Survival [ Time Frame: Time from randomization to death or last follow-up (up to 5 years) ]
    Overall survival was defined as the time from study enrollment (randomization) to the time of death from any cause or last follow-up.

  • Time to Treatment Failure [ Time Frame: Up to 5 years ]
    Time to treatment failure was defined as the time from date of randomization to the date at which the patient was removed from the treatment due to progression, toxicity, refusal or other medical problems.

  • Duration of Response [ Time Frame: Up to 5 years ]

    Duration of response was defined as the time from the date at which the patient's earliest best objective status was first noted to be either a complete response (CR) or partial response (PR) to the earliest date progression was documented.

    Response was defined using Response Evaluation Criteria In Solid Tumors (RECIST) criteria:

    • Complete Response (CR): disappearance of all target lesions;
    • Partial Response (PR) 30% decrease in sum of longest diameter of target lesions;

  • Number of Participants With at Least One Grade 3 or Above Adverse Events Assessed by NCI CTCAE v4.0 [ Time Frame: Up to 3 years ]
    Adverse events were assessed by Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE) v4.0. Grading: Grade 1=Mild, Grade 2=Moderate, Grade 3=Severe, Grade 4=Life-threatening, Grade 5=Death. The maximum grade for each type of adverse events were recorded for each patient.

  • Confirmed Response Rate (Complete Response and Partial Response) as Assessed by Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST) [ Time Frame: Up to 5 years ]

    A confirmed tumor response was defined as a complete response (CR) or partial response (PR) noted as the objective status on 2 consecutive evaluations at least 6 weeks apart.

    Response was defined using Response Evaluation Criteria In Solid Tumors (RECIST) criteria:

    • Complete Response (CR): disappearance of all target lesions;
    • Partial Response (PR) 30% decrease in sum of longest diameter of target lesions;
    • Progressive Disease (PD): 20% increase in sum of longest diameter of target lesions;
    • Stable Disease (SD): small changes that do not meet above criteria.


Enrollment: 110
Study Start Date: September 2007
Study Completion Date: May 2013
Primary Completion Date: July 2010 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Arm I
Patients receive oral sorafenib tosylate twice daily on days 1-21 and pemetrexed disodium IV over 10 minutes on day 1. Courses repeat every 21 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
Drug: pemetrexed disodium
given IV
Drug: sorafenib tosylate
given orally
Active Comparator: Arm II
Patients receive pemetrexed disodium IV over 10 minutes on day 1. Courses repeat every 21 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
Drug: pemetrexed disodium
given IV

Detailed Description:

OBJECTIVES:

Primary

  • Compare the progression-free survival of patients with stage IIIB or IV non-small cell lung cancer treated with pemetrexed disodium with or without sorafenib tosylate as second-line therapy.

Secondary

  • Compare the overall survival of patients treated with these regimens.
  • Compare the tumor response rate and duration of response in patients treated with these regimens.
  • Compare the toxicity profile of these regimens in these patients.

Tertiary

  • Assess polymorphisms and gene expression in circulating peripheral mononuclear cells and circulating tumor cells of pemetrexed disodium target genes and genes encoding enzymes involved in the transport, activation, and inactivation of pemetrexed disodium.
  • Correlate haplotype-tagged single nucleotide polymorphisms or gene expression levels with intracellular levels of pemetrexed disodium polyglutamates, toxicity, and/or efficacy of pemetrexed disodium.
  • Assess the expression and polymorphisms in the target genes (i.e., TS, DHFR, GARFT) and methylthioadenosine phosphorylase (as antibodies become available) in paraffin-embedded tissue and compare results to those obtained in circulating tumor tissue, correlating results with response.
  • Correlate predictive markers of hypertension (e.g. pharmacogenetics, vascular endothelial growth factor [VEGF]-A, sVEGF receptor-1, and ADMA) with clinical toxicity and outcomes.

OUTLINE: This is a randomized, multicenter study. Patients are stratified according to ECOG performance status (0 vs 1) and North Central Cancer Treatment Group membership. Patients are randomized to 1 of 2 treatment arms.

  • Arm I: Patients receive oral sorafenib tosylate twice daily on days 1-21 and pemetrexed disodium IV over 10 minutes on day 1.
  • Arm II: Patients receive pemetrexed disodium IV over 10 minutes on day 1. In both arms, courses repeat every 21 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

Blood and tissue samples are collected for pharmacokinetic analysis and research studies. Gene expression assays and polymorphism studies (e.g., using polymerase chain reaction) of circulating peripheral blood mononuclear cells are conducted for reduced folate carrier, multidrug resistance-associated protein, folate receptor, BCRP, folylpolyglutamate synthase, MTHFR, methionine synthase, methylthioadenosine phosphorylase, TS, dihydrofolate reductase, GARFT, endothelial nitric oxide synthase, angiotensinogen, dimethylarginine dimethylaminohydrolase, vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), and VEGF receptor. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays and immunohistochemistry are also conducted.

After completion of study treatment, patients are followed periodically for up to 5 years.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 120 Years   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

DISEASE CHARACTERISTICS:

  • Histologically or cytologically confirmed non-squamous cell non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC)

    • Stage IIIB or IV disease
    • Squamous cell carcinomas are not allowed

      • Adenosquamous histology allowed
  • Measurable disease, defined as ≥ 1 lesion with longest diameter ≥ 2.0 cm by conventional techniques or ≥ 1.0 cm by spiral CT scan

    • No nonmeasurable disease only, including small lesions and truly nonmeasurable lesions, including any of the following:

      • Bone lesions
      • Leptomeningeal disease
      • Ascites
      • Pleural/pericardial effusion
      • Inflammatory breast disease
      • Lymphangitis cutis/pulmonis
      • Abdominal masses that are not confirmed and followed by imaging techniques
      • Cystic lesions
  • Previously treated with 1 chemotherapy regimen, including adjuvant treatment

    • Prior treatment with adjuvant chemotherapy is allowed and not counted as a regimen
  • Symptomatic pleural effusions should be drained prior to study entry

    • No symptomatic serosal effusion (≥ CTCAE v3.0 grade 2 dyspnea) that is not amenable to drainage prior to study entry
  • Stable brain metastasis allowed provided the following criteria are met:

    • Treated with either whole brain radiotherapy or gamma knife surgery
    • More than 4 weeks since prior steroids

PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS:

  • ECOG performance status 0-1
  • Life expectancy ≥ 12 weeks
  • Absolute neutrophil count ≥ 1,500/mm³
  • Platelet count ≥ 100,000/mm³
  • Hemoglobin ≥ 9 g/dL
  • Total bilirubin ≤ 1.5 times upper limit of normal (ULN) OR direct bilirubin normal
  • Creatinine clearance ≥ 45 mL/min
  • AST and ALT ≤ 3 times ULN (5 times ULN if liver has tumor involvement)
  • INR < 1.5 OR PT/PTT normal
  • Not pregnant or nursing
  • Negative pregnancy test
  • Fertile patients must use effective contraception during and for 2 weeks after completion of study treatment
  • Able to take folic acid, cyanocobalamin, and dexamethasone
  • No clinically significant infection
  • No known HIV positivity
  • No evidence or history of bleeding diathesis or coagulopathy
  • No serious nonhealing wound, ulcer, or bone fracture
  • No significant traumatic injury within the past 4 weeks
  • No bleeding ≥ grade 2 (except grade 2 petechiae) within the past 4 weeks
  • No second primary malignancy except carcinoma in situ of the cervix or nonmelanomatous skin cancer, unless malignancy was diagnosed and definitively treated ≥ 5 years ago with no subsequent evidence of recurrence

    • History of low-grade (Gleason score ≤ 6) localized prostate cancer allowed
    • Patients with a history of DCIS that has been definitively treated will be eligible even if diagnosed < 5 years prior to registration
  • No other severe underlying disease or condition that, in the opinion of the investigator, would preclude study compliance or increase risk for serious adverse events
  • Able to swallow pills
  • No concurrent severe and/or uncontrolled medical conditions, including any of the following:

    • Uncontrolled blood pressure, defined as systolic blood pressure (BP) > 150 mm Hg and/or diastolic BP > 100 mm Hg, in spite of adequate antihypertensive therapy
    • Angina pectoris
    • Congestive heart failure within the past 3 months, unless LVEF > 40%
    • Myocardial infarction within the past 6 months
    • Cardiac arrhythmia
    • Diabetes mellitus
    • Active hemoptysis

PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY:

  • See Disease Characteristics
  • Recovered from all prior therapy, except for alopecia
  • No prior sorafenib tosylate or pemetrexed disodium
  • No prior therapy with agents that target VEGF, VEGF receptor, or VEGF receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitor (prior bevacizumab is allowed)
  • Prior radiotherapy allowed if all the following criteria are met:

    • No more than 25% of bone marrow was irradiated
    • Measurable disease, whether there is in-field disease progression/recurrence or disease outside the treatment fields of radiation port, is present
  • No acetylsalicylic acid dose of ≥ 1.3 grams/day for ≥ 10 days before and after completion of study treatment
  • At least 4 weeks since prior full-field radiotherapy
  • At least 2 weeks since prior limited-field radiotherapy
  • At least 4 weeks since prior major surgery (i.e., laparotomy) or open biopsy
  • At least 2 weeks since prior minor surgery
  • At least 3 weeks since prior chemotherapy (6 weeks for mitomycin C and nitrosoureas)
  • At least 2 weeks since prior immunotherapy, biologic therapy, or gene therapy
  • At least 4 weeks prior hormonal therapy
  • At least 4 weeks since other prior investigational agents
  • No concurrent antiretroviral therapy
  • No concurrent major surgery
  • No concurrent steroids
  • No concurrent therapeutic anticoagulation

    • Concurrent prophylactic anticoagulation (i.e., low-dose warfarin) of venous or arterial access devices allowed provided requirements for PT, INR, or PTT are met
  • No concurrent Hypericum perforatum (St. John's wort)
  • No concurrent grapefruit or grapefruit juice
  • No concurrent prophylactic use of colony-stimulating factors
  • No other concurrent anticancer agents or therapies
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00454194

  Show 207 Study Locations
Sponsors and Collaborators
Alliance for Clinical Trials in Oncology
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Investigators
Study Chair: Alex A. Adjei, MD, PhD Roswell Park Cancer Institute
  More Information

Responsible Party: Alliance for Clinical Trials in Oncology
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00454194     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: NCCTG-N0626
NCI-2009-00657 ( Registry Identifier: CTRP (Clinical Trials Reporting System) )
CDR0000536546 ( Registry Identifier: PDQ (Physician Data Query) )
Study First Received: March 27, 2007
Results First Received: December 7, 2016
Last Updated: February 16, 2017

Keywords provided by Alliance for Clinical Trials in Oncology:
recurrent non-small cell lung cancer
stage IIIB non-small cell lung cancer
stage IV non-small cell lung cancer
adenosquamous cell lung cancer
adenocarcinoma of the lung

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung
Lung Neoplasms
Carcinoma, Bronchogenic
Bronchial Neoplasms
Respiratory Tract Neoplasms
Thoracic Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Neoplasms
Lung Diseases
Respiratory Tract Diseases
Sorafenib
Pemetrexed
Niacinamide
Antineoplastic Agents
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Folic Acid Antagonists
Nucleic Acid Synthesis Inhibitors
Protein Kinase Inhibitors
Vitamin B Complex
Vitamins
Micronutrients
Growth Substances
Physiological Effects of Drugs

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on June 21, 2017