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Ultrasound-Guided Implant Radiation Therapy in Treating Patients With Locally Recurrent Prostate Cancer Previously Treated With External-Beam Radiation Therapy

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00450411
Recruitment Status : Active, not recruiting
First Posted : March 22, 2007
Results First Posted : November 7, 2017
Last Update Posted : March 29, 2021
Sponsor:
Collaborators:
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
NRG Oncology
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Radiation Therapy Oncology Group

Brief Summary:

RATIONALE: Implant radiation therapy uses radioactive material placed directly into or near a tumor to kill tumor cells.

PURPOSE: This phase II trial is studying the side effects and how well ultrasound-guided implant radiation therapy works in treating patients with locally recurrent prostate cancer previously treated with external-beam radiation therapy.


Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Prostate Cancer Radiation: 125-Iodine Radiation: 103-palladium Phase 2

Detailed Description:

OBJECTIVES:

Primary

  • Determine the late treatment-related gastrointestinal (GI) and genitourinary (GU) adverse events in patients with locally recurrent adenocarcinoma of the prostate previously treated with external-beam radiotherapy who are currently receiving transperineal ultrasound-guided iodine I 125 or palladium Pd 103 brachytherapy.

Secondary

  • Determine the acute treatment-related GI and GU adverse events in patients treated with this regimen.
  • Determine the overall survival of patients treated with this regimen.
  • Determine the disease-free survival of patients treated with this regimen.
  • Determine the disease-specific survival of patients treated with this regimen.
  • Determine clinical patterns of tumor recurrence (time to local tumor progression or distant failure) in patients treated with this regimen.
  • Determine the time to biochemical failure in patients treated with this regimen.
  • Determine the post-brachytherapy dosimetric coverage in patients treated with this regimen.

OUTLINE: This is a prospective, multicenter study.

Patients undergo transperineal ultrasound-guided iodine I 125 or palladium Pd 103 brachytherapy.

Patients are followed every 3 months for 1 year, every 6 months for 4 years, and then annually thereafter.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 96 patients will be accrued for this study.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 100 participants
Allocation: N/A
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Prospective Phase II Trial of Transperineal Ultrasound-Guided Brachytherapy for Locally Recurrent Prostate Adenocarcinoma Following External Beam Radiotherapy
Study Start Date : May 2007
Actual Primary Completion Date : June 2016

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Prostate Cancer

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Brachytherapy
Prostate brachytherapy delivered using either 125-iodine (I-125) or 103-palladium (Pd-103)
Radiation: 125-Iodine
Brachytherapy to the prostate via 125-iodine (I-125) seeds with a planned dose of 140 Gy
Other Name: brachytherapy

Radiation: 103-palladium
Brachytherapy to the prostate via 103-palladium (Pd-103) seeds with a planned dose of 120 Gy
Other Name: brachytherapy




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Number of Patients With Late Treatment-related Gastrointestinal (GI) and Genitourinary (GU) Adverse Events (AE) [ Time Frame: Between 271 days and 730 days from date of implantation ]
    Adverse events are graded using CTCAE v3.0. Grade refers to the severity of the AE. The CTCAE v3.0 assigns Grades 1 through 5 with unique clinical descriptions of severity for each AE based on this general guideline: Grade 1 Mild AE, Grade 2 Moderate AE, Grade 3 Severe AE, Grade 4 Life-threatening or disabling AE, Grade 5 Death related to AE. For the purposes of this study, late treatment-related adverse events were evaluated between 271 days and 730 days from the implant.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Number of Patients With Acute Treatment-related GI and GU Adverse Events [ Time Frame: From date of implantation to 270 days ]
    Adverse events are graded using CTCAE v3.0. Grade refers to the severity of the AE. The CTCAE v3.0 assigns Grades 1 through 5 with unique clinical descriptions of severity for each AE based on this general guideline: Grade 1 Mild AE, Grade 2 Moderate AE, Grade 3 Severe AE, Grade 4 Life-threatening or disabling AE, Grade 5 Death related to AE. For the purposes of this study, acute treatment-related adverse events will be evaluated within 270 days from the implant.

  2. Percentage of Participants Alive at 5 Years (Overall Survival) [ Time Frame: From registration to 5 years ]
    Survival time is defined as time from registration to date of death from any cause or last known follow-up (censored). Overall survival rates are estimated by the Kaplan-Meier method. Analysis occurred after all patients were potentially observed for at least 5 years from registration.

  3. Percentage of Participants Alive Without Disease (Disease-free Survival) [ Time Frame: From registration to 5 years ]
    An event for disease-free survival is defined as local progression, distant progression, biochemical failure, initiation of salvage hormone therapy, or death due to any cause.Biochemical failure is defined as a rise in prostate-specific antigen (PSA) by at least 2 ng/mL over the current nadir. Local progression is defined as documented progressive disease on digital rectal examination or a post-implant prostate biopsy showing carcinoma. Distant progression is defined as documented lymphatic or hematogenous metastatic disease. Disease-free survival time is defined as time from registration to the date of first event or last known follow-up (censored). Disease-free survival rates are estimated using the Kaplan-Meier method. Analysis occurred after all participants were potentially observed for at least 5 years from registration.

  4. Percentage of Participants With Prostate Cancer Death at 5 Years (Disease-specific Survival) [ Time Frame: From registration to 5 years ]
    An event for prostate cancer death is defined as any of the following: primary cause of death certified as due to prostate cancer, death associated with tumor progression occurring after initiation of salvage anti-tumor therapy, death associated with a rise in the serum PSA level on at least two consecutive occasions that occurs during or after salvage androgen suppression therapy, death associated with disease progression in the absence of any anti-tumor therapy, or death from a complication of protocol therapy irrespective of disease status. Time to prostate cancer death is defined as time from registration to date of first event, last known follow-up (censored), or death unrelated to prostate cancer (competing risk). Prostate cancer death rates are estimated using the cumulative incidence method. Analysis occurred after all participants were potentially observed for at least 5 years from registration.

  5. Percentage of Participants With Local Failure at 5 Years [ Time Frame: From registration to 5 years ]
    Local progression is defined as documented progressive disease on digital rectal examination or a post-implant prostate biopsy showing carcinoma. Time to local failure is defined as time from randomization to the date of first local failure, last known follow-up (censored), or death without local failure (competing risk). Local failure rates are estimated using the cumulative incidence method. Analysis occurred after all patients were potentially observed for at least 5 years from registration.

  6. Percentage of Participants With Distant Failure at 5 Years [ Time Frame: From registration to 5 years ]
    Distant failure is defined as documented lymphatic or hematogenous metastatic disease. Time to distant failure is defined as time from registration to the date of first distant failure, last known follow-up (censored), or death without distant failure (competing risk). Distant failure rates are estimated using the cumulative incidence method. Analysis occurred after all participants were potentially observed for at least 5 years from registration.

  7. Percentage of Participants With Biochemical Failure at 4 Years [ Time Frame: From registration to 5 years ]
    Biochemical failure is defined as PSA 2 ng/ml or more higher than the nadir PSA value, or initiation of hormone therapy at any time after brachytherapy. (If the PSA rise is within 36 months following brachytherapy and is followed by a subsequent non-hormonal induced PSA decrease, the patient will not be considered as a failure.) Time to biochemical failure is defined as time from registration to the date of first biochemical failure, last known follow-up (censored), or death without local recurrence (competing risk). Biochemical failure rates are estimated using the cumulative incidence method. Analysis occurred after all participants were potentially observed for at least 5 years from registration.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 120 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   Male
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Biopsy-documented locally recurrent prostatic adenocarcinoma > 30 months after the completion of EBRT, biopsied ≤ 180 days prior to registration and confirmed by central pathology review
  2. Disease-related characteristics at initial diagnosis (i.e., prior to EBRT) that fit the following criteria: Stages T1-T2c, Gleason scores 2-7, and PSA ≤ 20 ng/mL
  3. Staging, performed within 8 weeks prior to registration:

    • 3.1 History/physical examination (to include at a minimum digital rectal examination of the prostate and examination of the skeletal system and abdomen)
    • 3.2 Negative lymph nodes by imaging (pelvic ± abdominal CT or MR), or by nodal dissection (laparoscopy or laparotomy)
    • 3.3 No evidence of bone metastases (M0) on bone scan
  4. Zubrod Performance Scale 0-1
  5. American Urological Association Symptom Index Score (AUA BPH) < 15 (Note: The use of alpha blockers is permitted when evaluating lower urinary tract symptoms, i.e., the AUA score with the patient on alpha blockers is acceptable)
  6. Age ≥ 18
  7. Baseline serum prostate-specific antigen (PSA) value < 10 ng/mL performed with an FDA-approved assay (e.g., Abbott, Hybritech) within 8 weeks prior to registration. PSA should not be performed within 10 days of a prior prostate biopsy, and if the patient has been started on hormonal therapy, the PSA should be performed within 8 weeks prior to the commencement of hormonal therapy.
  8. Prostate volume as measured by transrectal ultrasound (TRUS) ≤ 45 cc or pubic arch interference ruled out
  9. The patient must be suitable for spinal or general anesthesia
  10. The patient must sign a study-specific informed consent form before study entry

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Prior invasive (except non-melanoma skin cancer) or hematological (e.g., acute leukemia, aggressive lymphoma, myeloma) malignancy unless disease-free for a minimum of 3 years. Previous diagnosis of low-grade lymphoma or chronic lymphocytic leukemia is allowed.
  2. Prior EBRT to the prostate such that the minimum dose to the prostate exceeded 78 Gy (2 Gy fractions) or 79.8 Gy (1.9 Gy fractions) or 81 Gy (1.8 Gy fractions)
  3. Baseline gastrointestinal (GI) or genitourinary (GU) toxicity (for any reason) grade ≥ 2 as defined in Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE) version 3.0.
  4. Severe, active co-morbidity, defined as follows:

    • 4.1 Unstable angina and/or decompensated congestive heart failure
    • 4.2 Myocardial infarction within the last 6 months
    • 4.3 Bacterial or fungal infection requiring intravenous antibiotics at the time of registration
    • 4.4 Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease exacerbation or other respiratory illness requiring hospitalization or precluding study therapy at the time of registration
    • 4.5 Hepatic insufficiency resulting in clinical jaundice and/or coagulation defects
    • 4.6 Acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) based upon current Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) definition; note, however, that HIV testing is not required for entry into this protocol. The need to exclude patients with AIDS from this protocol is necessary because the treatments involved in this protocol may be significantly immunosuppressive. Protocol-specific requirements may also exclude immuno-compromised patients.
  5. Clinical and/or radiologic evidence of extraprostatic disease at initial diagnosis (i.e., prior to EBRT) or at time of local recurrence (i.e., prior to study registration)

    ° 5.1 Histologic or radiologic evidence of tumor involvement of regional lymph nodes (N1) or the presence of metastatic disease (M1)

  6. Any of the following prior therapies:

    • Transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP)
    • Radionuclide (permanent or temporary implantation) prostate brachytherapy
    • Prostatectomy or prostatic cryosurgery
    • High-intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU)
    • Bilateral orchiectomy
    • Chemotherapy for prostatic carcinoma
    • NOTE 1: Androgen suppression therapy is permissible provided that the luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone (LHRH) agonist was started at least 2 months and no more than 6 months before registration.
    • NOTE 2: Any combination of neoadjuvant, concurrent, or adjuvant androgen suppression therapy at the time of initial external radiotherapy is permissible provided the total duration was ≤ 8 months. If > 8 months, evidence of a normal serum testosterone must be documented.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT00450411


Locations
Show Show 17 study locations
Sponsors and Collaborators
Radiation Therapy Oncology Group
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
NRG Oncology
Investigators
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Study Chair: Juanita M. Crook, MD British Columbia Cancer Agency
Publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
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Responsible Party: Radiation Therapy Oncology Group
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00450411    
Other Study ID Numbers: RTOG-0526
CDR0000533887
First Posted: March 22, 2007    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: November 7, 2017
Last Update Posted: March 29, 2021
Last Verified: March 2021
Keywords provided by Radiation Therapy Oncology Group:
adenocarcinoma of the prostate
recurrent prostate cancer
stage I prostate cancer
stage IIB prostate cancer
stage IIA prostate cancer
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Prostatic Neoplasms
Genital Neoplasms, Male
Urogenital Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Neoplasms
Prostatic Diseases