Thalidomide, Prednisone, and Cyclophosphamide in Treating Patients With Myelofibrosis and Myeloid Metaplasia
RATIONALE: Giving thalidomide together with prednisone and cyclophosphamide may lessen symptoms caused by myelofibrosis and myeloid metaplasia.
PURPOSE: This phase II trial is studying the side effects and how well giving thalidomide together with prednisone and cyclophosphamide works in treating patients with myelofibrosis and myeloid metaplasia.
|Chronic Myeloproliferative Disorders Secondary Myelofibrosis||Drug: cyclophosphamide Drug: prednisone Drug: thalidomide Other: immunohistochemistry staining method Other: laboratory biomarker analysis Procedure: biopsy||Phase 2|
|Study Design:||Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Official Title:||Phase II Study of the Combination of Low-Dose Thalidomide, Prednisone, and Oral Cyclophosphamide ("TPC") in the Therapy of Myelofibrosis With Myeloid Metaplasia (MMM)|
- Confirmed response, defined as a complete or partial response in ≥ 1 of 3 response categories (i.e., anemia, thrombocytopenia, or splenomegaly or hepatomegaly)
- Constitutional symptom status and bone marrow morphology
- Overall survival
- Progression-free survival
- Time to progression
- Duration of response
- Toxicity as measured by NCI CTC v 2.0
|Study Start Date:||October 2004|
|Study Completion Date:||October 2006|
|Primary Completion Date:||October 2006 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
- Determine the benefit of thalidomide, prednisone, and cyclophosphamide in alleviating disease-associated anemia, thrombocytopenia, and/or splenomegaly in patients with myelofibrosis with myeloid metaplasia (MMM).
- Determine the benefit of this regimen in palliating four hypercatabolic constitutional symptoms (i.e., weight loss, fatigue, drenching night sweats, and unexplained fevers) in these patients.
- Determine the toxicity profile of this regimen in these patients.
- Determine the effect of this regimen on leukocyte count.
- Determine the effect of this regimen on bone marrow histology, including microvessel density and reticulin fibrosis.
- Determine the effect of this regimen on intramedullary and urinary markers of angiogenesis.
- Determine the effect of this regimen on circulating myeloid progenitor cells by quantifying CD34+ cells.
OUTLINE: Patients receive oral thalidomide, oral prednisone, and oral cyclophosphamide (TPC) once daily on days 1-28. Treatment repeats every 28 days for 3 courses. After 3 courses (3 months) of treatment, patients who respond to TPC therapy may receive oral thalidomide alone once daily for up to 3 months in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
Patients undergo bone marrow aspirate and biopsy prior to study entry, 6 months after starting therapy, and then every 6 months for up to 3 years. Samples are analyzed by microvessel density/angiogenesis studies (i.e., CD34 immunohistochemical and vascular endothelium-specific staining) to determine the effect of therapy on markers of bone marrow angiogenesis.
After completion of study therapy, patients are followed every 6 months for up to 3 years.
PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 22 patients will be accrued for this study.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00445900
|Study Chair:||Ruben A. Mesa, MD||Mayo Clinic|