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HEROIC (Heparin Requirement in Counterpulsation) (HEROIC)

This study has been completed.
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Justin Trivax, William Beaumont Hospitals Identifier:
First received: March 6, 2007
Last updated: September 19, 2016
Last verified: September 2016
Patients with intra-aortic balloon pumps (catheters placed in the groin connected to a pump which assists the heart by opening and closing a balloon in the aorta, thereby decreasing the work of the heart and improving blood flow to the coronary arteries) often receive intravenous (IV) heparin (a "blood thinner") to prevent circulation problems in the leg (where they are inserted). When intra-aortic balloon pumps were initially developed, the catheters were larger than the catheters used today. Due to the large size of the catheter and the material used to make the catheter, it was thought that intravenous heparin would prevent poor blood flow to the leg that contained the temporary catheter. Intravenous heparin, however, has never been proven to maintain good blood flow in these patients. The catheters used with intra-aortic balloon pumps are now smaller in size and made of a material that is less likely to produce blood clots. It is not clear that heparin is needed with intra-aortic balloon pumps. Bleeding complications associated with intra-aortic balloon pumps may be decreased if heparin is not used. In 2004, 99 patients received intra-aortic balloon pumps in the cardiac catheterization labs at William Beaumont Hospital. These patients received intravenous heparin and experienced a large number of bleeding complications (27 patients required a blood transfusion). This study will help the investigators to clarify if heparin should or should not be routinely used in patients with intra-aortic balloon pumps.

Condition Intervention Phase
Cardiogenic Shock
Drug: Heparin
Other: Without Heparin
Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Heparin Requirement in Counterpulsation

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by William Beaumont Hospitals:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Minor ischemia (decreased blood flow)during the index hospitalization [ Time Frame: 4 days post surgery ]
  • Major ischemia (decreased blood flow) during the index hospitalization [ Time Frame: 2 days post surgery ]
  • Major bleeding during the index hospitalization [ Time Frame: 4 days post surgery ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Intra-aortic balloon pump-related death during the index hospitalization [ Time Frame: post surgery ]
  • Hospital death during the index hospitalization [ Time Frame: post surgery ]

Enrollment: 46
Study Start Date: January 2006
Study Completion Date: March 2008
Primary Completion Date: March 2008 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Active Comparator: Intra-Aortic baloon Pump with Heparin
Intra-Aortic Baloon Pump (IABP) with Heparin
Drug: Heparin
Heparin administered at 500units/hour while on Intra-Aortic balloon Pump (IABP).
Active Comparator: Intra-Aortic baloon Pump without Heparin
Intra-Aortic baloon Pump (IABP) without Heparin
Other: Without Heparin
Intra-Aortic balloon Pump (IABP) without Heparin.

Detailed Description:
Potential patients will be identified in the cardiac catheterization lab when an intra-aortic balloon pump is placed. Patients who agree to participate in this study will be randomized (they will be selected to receive heparin or not to receive heparin with their intra-aortic balloon pump) by a process that is similar to flipping a coin. Patients will have a 50% chance of receiving heparin and a 50% chance of not receiving heparin. If a patient does not want to participate in the study, his/her cardiologist will decide if the patient will receive or not receive heparin. Intra-aortic balloon pumps have been used with and without intravenous heparin and there is no known increase in complications in patients who do not receive heparin. Risks include bleeding and possible blood clots/decreased blood flow to the leg with the catheter in both groups (due to different medical reasons). The patients in both groups will be monitored closely in the cardiac care unit while the intra-aortic balloon pump is in place to prevent and/or minimize complications.

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Age >/= 18 years
  • Able to provide consent
  • Insertion of Intra-aortic Balloon Pump (IABP) in WBH cath lab
  • Anticipated duration of IABP >/= 18 hours

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Contraindications to heparin
  • Pre-existing condition requiring heparin administration (other than IABP)
  • IABP placed outside of the WBH cardiac catheterization lab prophylactically for high-risk PCI, without complications)
  • Pregnant women
  Contacts and Locations
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Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT00445211

United States, Michigan
William Beaumont Hospital
Royal Oak, Michigan, United States, 48073
Sponsors and Collaborators
Justin Trivax
Principal Investigator: Pamela Reed, M.D. William Beaumont Hospitals
Study Chair: Cindy Grines, M.D. William Beaumont Hospitals
  More Information

Baim DS, Grossman W. Grossman's Cardiac Catheterization, Angiography and Intervention (6th Ed). Lippincott Williams & Williams, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, 2000, 463.
Stone GW, Ohman EM, Miller MF, Joseph DL, Christenson JT, Cohen M, Urban PM, Reddy RC. Contemporary utilization and outcomes of intra-aortic balloon counterpulsation. Am J Cardiol, 1993; 71:328-332.

Responsible Party: Justin Trivax, MD Cardiologist, William Beaumont Hospitals Identifier: NCT00445211     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 2006-001
Study First Received: March 6, 2007
Last Updated: September 19, 2016

Keywords provided by William Beaumont Hospitals:
Intraaortic balloon pumping
Limb ischemia

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Shock, Cardiogenic
Myocardial Infarction
Myocardial Ischemia
Heart Diseases
Cardiovascular Diseases
Vascular Diseases
Pathologic Processes
Calcium heparin
Fibrinolytic Agents
Fibrin Modulating Agents
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action processed this record on April 21, 2017