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Total Antioxidant Effects of Esomeprazole in Dyspeptic Patients Receiving Non-steroidal Anti-inflammatory Drugs

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00443963
Recruitment Status : Withdrawn (The study was not approved by the Human Studies Subcommittee.)
First Posted : March 7, 2007
Last Update Posted : August 24, 2020
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Timothy Koch, Medstar Health Research Institute

Brief Summary:
The principal investigator hypothesizes that participants receiving NSAID drugs with dyspeptic symptoms have increased production of gastric levels of free radicals. The primary objective of the study is to determine if Esomeprazole Magnesium increases gastric total antioxidant capacity and decreases gastric free radical production in humans. Participants (age 18 years and older) with no history of upper GI bleeding who are receiving non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and then develop dyspepsia will be recruited from our primary care clinic in Washington, DC. All eligible participants will undergo biopsies of antrum and corpus. The participants will be randomized to receive either Zantac OTC or Nexium for 15 days. On day 15, all participants will undergo repeat upper endoscopy to obtain biopsies of antrum and corpus. Tissue samples will then be extracted to determine total antioxidant capacity and lipid peroxide levels (as an indirect marker of free radical production).

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Dyspepsia Drug: Esomeprazole Magnesium Phase 4

Detailed Description:

An extensive meta-analysis has confirmed that dyspeptic symptoms are common in individuals using non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) (1). Both esomeprazole 20 mg daily and esomeprazole 40 mg daily have been shown to be more effective than placebo for the control of upper gastrointestinal symptoms in patients receiving NSAIDs (2).

The mechanisms by which H, K-ATPase inhibitors protect against NSAID gastropathy remain unclear, although it is known that their use is more clinically effective than the use of the H2-receptor antagonist, ranitidine (3).

The biochemical basis for NSAID gastropathy is not fully understood (6). One potential mechanism for the development of gastric damage in individuals receiving NSAIDs is oxidative stress related to depletion of gastric antioxidants. A recent endoscopic study in patients supports the hypothesis that NSAID use associated with gastric bleeding decreases gastric mucosal glutathione levels (7), a major cellular micronutrient antioxidant produced by mammalian cells. The principal investigator has been working on the possibility that activation of afferent nerve fibers by oxidative stress can induce abdominal discomfort during the use of NSAIDs. This notion is supported by animal studies that have shown that oxidants evoke neurotransmitter release from enteric neurons (8). This experimental result suggests that abnormal tissue levels of oxygen-derived free radicals (oxidative stress) could directly activate afferent enteric nerves or could alter gastric motility via a neuronal mechanism.

The hypothesis of this present proposal is that participants receiving NSAID drugs with dyspeptic symptoms have increased production of gastric levels of free radicals. The primary aims of this study are to examine gastric free radical production and total antioxidant capacity in participants who are taking NSAID drugs and have dyspeptic symptoms. Gastric free radical production and total antioxidant capacity will be measured before and after receiving either 15 days of daily esomeprazole magnesium or ranitidine.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 0 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Single (Investigator)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Effects of Esomeprazole Magnesium on Gastric Free Radical Production and Total Antioxidant Capacity in Dyspeptic Patients Receiving Non-steroidal Anti-inflammatory Drugs
Estimated Study Start Date : December 2006
Actual Primary Completion Date : December 2006
Actual Study Completion Date : December 2006

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: PPI
PPI Medication
Drug: Esomeprazole Magnesium
PPI compared to H2RA
Other Name: Ranitidine

Experimental: H2RA
H2RA Medication
Drug: Esomeprazole Magnesium
PPI compared to H2RA
Other Name: Ranitidine

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. gastric levels of total antioxidant capacity and gastric lipid peroxide levels on Day 22 [ Time Frame: 1 week ]
    Measurement of tissue levels in stomach biopsies of total antioxidant capacity (in nmole of Trolox equivalent/g wet tissue) and lipid peroxides (in nmole/g wet tissue).

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Participants who are capable of providing informed consent, ages 18 years old and older. Partipants who are taking non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs on a daily basis must present with at least a 1 week history of dyspeptic symptoms including epigastric or upper abdominal discomfort or pain.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Participants presenting with only a complaint of heartburn will be excluded. Participants with alarm symptoms of vomiting, evidence of bleeding, inadvertent weight loss, or dysphagia will be excluded. Participants will be excluded if they have had upper endoscopy within 6 months prior to randomization. At the initial visit, participants will have a Helicobacter pylori IgG serology drawn and all participants with a positive serology will be excluded. Participants with a previous history of myocardial infarction, cerebrovascular infarction, gastric or duodenal ulcer disease, or carcinoma will be excluded. The study will not enroll participants who have received a H, K-ATPase inhibitor within the past 2 weeks. At the initial upper endoscopy, all participants with esophageal ulcer, esophageal cancer, gastric ulcer, gastric cancer, and duodenal ulcer will be excluded.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00443963

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United States, District of Columbia
Washington Hospital Center
Washington, District of Columbia, United States, 20010
Sponsors and Collaborators
Medstar Health Research Institute
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Principal Investigator: Timothy R Koch, MD Medstar Health Research Institute
Additional Information:
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Responsible Party: Timothy Koch, Principal Investigator, Medstar Health Research Institute Identifier: NCT00443963    
Other Study ID Numbers: IRUSESOM0391
First Posted: March 7, 2007    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: August 24, 2020
Last Verified: August 2020

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Keywords provided by Timothy Koch, Medstar Health Research Institute:
Dyspepsia in patients taking NSAIDs
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Signs and Symptoms, Digestive
Anti-Ulcer Agents
Gastrointestinal Agents
Proton Pump Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Histamine H2 Antagonists
Histamine Antagonists
Histamine Agents
Neurotransmitter Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs