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Effectiveness of Protected Environment Rooms for AML and MDS

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00443300
Recruitment Status : Terminated (Terminated due to low accrual.)
First Posted : March 5, 2007
Last Update Posted : August 2, 2012
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
M.D. Anderson Cancer Center

Brief Summary:
The goal of this clinical research study is to learn if the "protected environment" (PE) can help to prevent infections in patients aged 60 and above who are receiving what is considered low-intensity treatment for newly-diagnosed AML or high-risk MDS.

Condition or disease
Acute Myelogenous Leukemia Myelodysplastic Syndrome

Detailed Description:

For AML or high-risk MDS, it has been common practice for patients aged 50 and older to receive initial treatment in the PE at M. D. Anderson. The PE is a series of rooms containing a special air-flow system that is designed to filter out germs that can cause serious infection. Patients stay in a PE room, without leaving, for up to 5 weeks. In an attempt to keep a PE room germ-free, only the medical staff is allowed in the room. Family and visitors can see the patient, but are separated from the patient by a glass wall. Each PE room has a laptop computer that can be connected to the internet. Books, newspapers, and various other materials are only allowed in the PE room after they have been sterilized for safety reasons.

Therapy given to patients with AML or MDS has recently changed from higher (which usually meant that there was more possibility for infections and a need for hospitalization) to lower intensity. Because the value of the PE was already established in patients receiving higher-intensity therapy, researchers want to learn about the value of the PE in patients receiving lower-intensity therapy.

If you agree to take part in this study, you will be randomly assigned (as in the flip of a coin) to 1 of 2 groups. You will have an equal chance of being in either one of the groups. Participants in one group will be placed in the PE. Participants in the other group will not be placed in the PE but will have outpatient care. After the first 30 participants have been assigned to one group or the other, the chances of future participants being assigned to the PE will depend on the results (rates of infection) seen in earlier participants.

If you are assigned to the PE, you will stay in the PE for 5 weeks after beginning your standard treatment. You will be removed from the PE if medical problems develop that require you to receive treatment somewhere else in the hospital or if staying in the PE is simply too difficult (such as because of claustrophobia [fear of being in a closed space] or because of a feeling of "home sickness" [a strong desire to have physical contact with family and friends]).

If you are not assigned to the PE, you will be asked to stay in Houston for 5 weeks and will receive treatment on an outpatient basis, unless you have problems that require hospitalization (not in the PE).

You may choose not to be assigned to either group. If this is the case, the study doctor or study staff will ask you to participate in this study through allowing your data (information) to be collected.

If you choose not to be assigned and you agree, study staff will collect data regarding your rates of infections and remission (inactive disease) and the status of your health over time so that this information can be compared with rates seen in patients who took part in 1 of the 2 groups. This comparison information will be used to learn the value of the PE in patients receiving lower-intensity therapy. Up to 125 patients will take part in this study. All will be enrolled at M. D. Anderson.

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Study Type : Observational
Actual Enrollment : 3 participants
Observational Model: Case-Control
Time Perspective: Prospective
Official Title: Effectiveness of HEPA-filtered Rooms ("Protected Environment") to Prevent Morbidity and Mortality in Patients Age >/ = 60 Receiving Lower Intensity ("Targeted") Therapy for Untreated AML and High-risk Myelodysplasia (MDS)
Study Start Date : January 2007
Actual Primary Completion Date : January 2008
Actual Study Completion Date : January 2008

Protective environment
Participants in a Protective environment
Not a protective environment
Participants not in a protective environment

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Success Rate [ Time Frame: Baseline to 6 weeks post randomization to PE or Non PE ]
    Success is defined as number of participants with no death, pneumonia, or sepsis within 6 weeks of randomization compared to total number of participants to evaluate effect of the protected environment (PE) by (adaptively) randomly assigning patients age >/= 60 given targeted therapies between treatment inside or outside the PE.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.

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Ages Eligible for Study:   60 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Sampling Method:   Probability Sample
Study Population
Patients with AML or high-risk MDS Age >/= 60 years with a Zubrod performance status of 0,1, or 2

Inclusion Criteria:

  • AML or high-risk MDS (> 10% blasts in the marrow or blood)
  • Patient is to be given "targeted therapy". Examples of targeted therapies are tipifarnib + low-dose ara-C, decitabine, and 5 azacitidine + valproic acid.
  • Age >/= 60 years and Zubrod performance status of 0,1, or 2
  • Informed consent obtained

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Cannot receive ara-C at a dose >/= 100 mg/m2 daily, anthracyclines, or cloretazine.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00443300

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United States, Texas
UT MD Anderson Cancer Center
Houston, Texas, United States, 77030
Sponsors and Collaborators
M.D. Anderson Cancer Center
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Principal Investigator: Gloria N. Mattiuzzi, MD The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center
Additional Information:
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Responsible Party: M.D. Anderson Cancer Center Identifier: NCT00443300    
Other Study ID Numbers: 2006-0696
First Posted: March 5, 2007    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: August 2, 2012
Last Verified: August 2012
Keywords provided by M.D. Anderson Cancer Center:
Protected Environment
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Leukemia, Myeloid
Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute
Myelodysplastic Syndromes
Bone Marrow Diseases
Hematologic Diseases
Neoplasms by Histologic Type