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Sub-Tenon Triamcinolone in the Prevention of Radiation-Induced Macular Edema

This study has been completed.
Information provided by:
Wills Eye Identifier:
First received: February 28, 2007
Last updated: NA
Last verified: February 2007
History: No changes posted

Melanoma is the most common primary tumour which occurs inside the eye. For over 20-years, it has been possible, in many cases, to use local delivery of radiation to the eye to treat this type of tumour, avoiding the need to surgically remove the affected eye. This treatment, however, is often complicated by radiation-induced loss of vision, months or years after treatment.

The aim of this research project is to investigate the potential prevention of radiation complications in the eye by giving anti-inflammatory medication (a long-acting steroid) in the form of a local injection around the eye at the time of treatment, and at 4-months and 8-months following treatment. This medication (named ‘triamcinolone’) has been successfully used to treat similar complications of diabetic eye disease, for example, and has a good safety profile.

The rationale of this study is to attempt to preserve vision, in addition to preserving the eye, in patients affected by this eye tumour, and therefore preserve quality of life for these patients.

Condition Intervention
Melanoma Drug: Sub-Tenon triamcinolone 40mg

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Official Title: Sub-Tenon Triamcinolone in the Prevention of Radiation-Induced Macular Edema Following Plaque Radiotherapy for Uveal Melanoma

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by Wills Eye:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Presence of macular edema on optical coherence tomography

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Grade of macular edema on optical coherence tomography
  • Foveal thickness measurement by optical coherence tomography
  • Visual acuity

Estimated Enrollment: 170
Study Start Date: November 2004
Estimated Study Completion Date: May 2007
Detailed Description:

BACKGROUND: Uveal melanoma is the most common primary intraocular malignancy. Plaque radiation (brachytherapy) has emerged as the most common treatment in the current management of uveal melanoma, but is complicated by visual loss in close to 70% of patients at 10 years follow-up. Strategies for the prevention and early treatment of radiation retinopathy (and radiation maculopathy in particular) need to be developed to improve visual outcome following eye-conserving treatment of uveal melanoma. Triamcinolone, a long acting locally-administered corticosteroid, is of established benefit in macular oedema from other causes.

PURPOSE: This study will evaluate the efficacy of sub-Tenon triamcinolone in the prevention of radiation maculopathy in patients undergoing plaque radiotherapy for uveal melanoma.

DESIGN: A prospective randomised control study.

STUDY POPULATION: 170 patients undergoing plaque radiation treatment for uveal melanoma.

SETTING: Ocular Oncology Service, Wills Eye Hospital, Philadelphia, USA.

INTERVENTION: Triamcinolone acetonide (40 mg in 1 cc) injected into the sub-Tenon space using sterile technique at the time of plaque radiotherapy and 4 and 8 months later.

OUTCOME MEASURES: Visual acuity, optical coherence tomographic (OCT) analysis of macular architecture and foveal thickness, at 4, 8, and 12 months following brachytherapy.

EXCLUSION CRITERIA: Pre-existing macular disease (e.g. age-related macular degeneration, diabetic maculopathy, vascular occlusion, macular hole); prior retinal detachment; media opacities precluding accurate OCT imaging; history of intraocular pressure elevation related to corticosteroid treatment -'steroid responder'; history of glaucoma.


Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Uveal melanoma new diagnosis, undergoing plaque radiation treatment

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Pre-existing macular disease
  • age-related macular degeneration
  • diabetic maculopathy
  • pre-existing retinal vascular occlusion
  • macular hole
  • surface wrinkling retinopathy
  • prior retinal detachment
  • media opacities precluding accurate OCT imaging
  • known 'steroid responder'
  • glaucoma
  Contacts and Locations
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Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT00441662

United States, Pennsylvania
Ocular Oncology Service, Wills Eye Institute
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States, 19107
Sponsors and Collaborators
Wills Eye
Principal Investigator: Carol L Shields, M.D. Ocular Oncology Service, Wills Eye Institute
  More Information

Additional Information:
Publications: Identifier: NCT00441662     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: Wills Eye Sub-Tenon Kenalog
Study First Received: February 28, 2007
Last Updated: February 28, 2007

Keywords provided by Wills Eye:
Plaque radiotherapy

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Macular Edema
Neuroendocrine Tumors
Neuroectodermal Tumors
Neoplasms, Germ Cell and Embryonal
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms, Nerve Tissue
Nevi and Melanomas
Macular Degeneration
Retinal Degeneration
Retinal Diseases
Eye Diseases
Triamcinolone hexacetonide
Triamcinolone Acetonide
Triamcinolone diacetate
Anti-Inflammatory Agents
Hormones, Hormone Substitutes, and Hormone Antagonists
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Immunosuppressive Agents
Immunologic Factors
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action processed this record on August 22, 2017