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Comparison of Early and Late Therapy for Adults With Non-Operatively Treated Proximal Humerus Fractures

This study is ongoing, but not recruiting participants.
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Neal Chung-Jen Chen, Massachusetts General Hospital Identifier:
First received: February 20, 2007
Last updated: February 8, 2017
Last verified: February 2017
The purpose of the study is to compare two common ways of rehabilitating after proximal humerus fractures treated non-operatively.

Proximal Humeral Fractures

Study Type: Observational
Study Design: Observational Model: Cohort
Time Perspective: Prospective
Official Title: Early vs Delayed Physical Therapy (Exercises) for Non-Operatively-Treated Proximal Humerus Fractures: A Prospective Randomized Trial

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by Neal Chung-Jen Chen, Massachusetts General Hospital:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • shoulder flexion [ Time Frame: 6 months ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • shoulder pain Likert scores [ Time Frame: 6 months ]
  • external and internal rotation [ Time Frame: 6 months ]
  • abduction [ Time Frame: 6 months ]
  • DASH and Constant scores [ Time Frame: 6 months ]

Estimated Enrollment: 60
Study Start Date: February 2005
Estimated Study Completion Date: December 2017
Estimated Primary Completion Date: December 2017 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Subjects who begin therapy immediately after diagnosis of injury.
Subjects who delay therapy for 3 weeks after diagnosis of injury.

Detailed Description:
Proximal humerus fractures with limited displacement and fractures that occur in older, less active or infirm patients are treated non-operatively. There is a general impression, supported by some data, that better function is obtained with immediate initiation of shoulder exercises. However, there is some concern that this may contribute to nonunion of the fracture and may be unnecessary. Some researchers have demonstrated better outcomes with immediate rehabilitation with pendulum movements. Others have shown similar functional outcomes when rehabilitation begins approximately a month after injury, or when radiographs show signs of bone healing, and this delay is associated with lower rates of non-union and malunion occurrence.

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Sampling Method:   Non-Probability Sample
Study Population
Patients from the MGH Hand and Upper Extremity or Trauma service

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Male and Female patients.
  • Any race
  • Older than 18y
  • Diagnosed with proximal humeral fracture clinically and confirmed by imaging studies: X rays and/or CT Scans.
  • Any type of proximal humeral fracture according to the Neer or AO classification system.
  • Patient should have received non-operative treatment.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Patients younger than 18 y.
  • Patients with multiple other fractures.
  • Patients that have received surgical treatment including closed reduction and percutaneous fixation, open reduction and internal fixation (plates, screws, pins, tension wire bands, cerclage wiring and/or intramedullary nailing) and/or articular shoulder prosthesis.
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Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT00438633

United States, Massachusetts
Massachusetts General Hospital
Boston, Massachusetts, United States, 02114
Sponsors and Collaborators
Massachusetts General Hospital
Principal Investigator: Neal Chen, MD Massachusetts General Hospital
  More Information

Responsible Party: Neal Chung-Jen Chen, Principal Investigator; Hand Service, Massachusetts General Hospital Identifier: NCT00438633     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 2004-P-002235
Study First Received: February 20, 2007
Last Updated: February 8, 2017

Keywords provided by Neal Chung-Jen Chen, Massachusetts General Hospital:
proximal humerus fracture
non-operative treatment
DASH and Constant instruments

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Fractures, Bone
Humeral Fractures
Shoulder Fractures
Wounds and Injuries
Arm Injuries processed this record on June 23, 2017