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Pilot Study of the Effect of Topical Bromfenac Ophthalmic Solution 0.09%in Patients With Acute Post-operative Cystoid Macular Edema.

This study has been withdrawn prior to enrollment.
(Principal Investigator left institution)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Johns Hopkins University Identifier:
First received: February 21, 2007
Last updated: July 1, 2016
Last verified: July 2016

This research is being done to look at the effects of Bromfenac, also called Xibrom for the treatment of swelling in the retina (the light sensitive tissue in the back of the eye) called "macular edema" that occurs after cataract surgery. Swelling in the retina can lead to blurry vision.

The most commonly used treatment is eyedrops that decrease inflammation and may help stop some of the swelling. The investigators want to see if the drug Bromfenac(Xibrom) can decrease the swelling in the retina after cataract surgery and improve vision in these patients.

Condition Intervention Phase
Cystoid Macular Edema
Drug: Bromfenac (Xibrom)
Drug: Refresh Plus
Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double Blind (Participant, Investigator)
Official Title: Pilot Study of the Effect of Topical Bromfenac Ophthalmic Solution 0.09%in Patients With Acute Post-operative Cystoid Macular Edema.

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by Johns Hopkins University:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Proportion of subjects improving >/= 10 letter (2 lines) of best-corrected distance visual acuity at day 90 ± 14 days after initiation of one of the test agents. [ Time Frame: 6 months ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Analysis of the decrease in the center point retinal thickness by Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT) at 90 ± 14 days after initiation of the test agent. [ Time Frame: 6 months ]
  • Analysis of patient comfort during the use of test agent as assessed with the ocular comfort grading scale [ Time Frame: 6 months ]

Enrollment: 0
Study Start Date: May 2008
Study Completion Date: September 2010
Primary Completion Date: July 2010 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Placebo Comparator: 1
1 drop affected eye twice daily.
Drug: Refresh Plus
1 drop in the affected eye twice daily
Experimental: 2
Bromfenac (Xibrom) 1 drop to affected eye twice a day.
Drug: Bromfenac (Xibrom)
1 drop to affected eye twice daily.

Detailed Description:

Over 2.5 million cataract surgeries are performed yearly in the United States. Despite advances in cataract surgery, cystoid macular edema (CME) is the most common cause of loss of vision after cataract surgery, occurring in approximately 0.3% to 3% of all uncomplicated surgeries. If the surgery is complicated, CME can occur in up to 20% of these patients. In CME, fluid accumulates in cystic spaces within the outer plexiform layer of the retina, resulting in decreased vision.

Ocular nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) have been widely used in the treatment of CME. NSAIDs decrease inflammation and are hypothesized to decrease the production of prostaglandins via selective inhibition of the cyclooxygenase pathway, which can result in CME. The standard of care for management of postoperative pseudophakic macular edema to some extent remains unclear. There is currently no FDA-approved therapy for the prophylaxis or treatment of postoperative cystoid macular edema.

Bromfenac (Xibrom)an NSAID and is FDA-approved for ocular use to treat pain and inflammation after ocular surgery. Therefore, these medications might decrease inflammation and be effective in treating CME. The investigators plan to conduct a controlled study to investigate the effect of Bromfenac (Xibrom)in patients who develop CME after cataract surgery. The results of this study may be important in better understanding the pathogenesis and treatment of acute postoperative cystoid macular edema to prevent chronic vision loss.


Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Adults (ages 18 years or older)
  • Best-corrected visual acuity 20/40 or worse
  • Pseudophakic CME in the study eye with onset at least three weeks and no more than four months after cataract surgery, as document on fluorescein angiography and/or OCT (central subfield >/= 250 microns)
  • Agree to avoid disallowed medications (including ocular, topical, or systemic NSAIDs; ocular, topical, or systemic corticosteroids; ocular prostaglandin analogs) throughout the duration of the study. Agree to a 14 day washout period prior to enrollment if currently using a disallowed medication.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • History of a known hypersensitivity to bromfenac, or any component of the test agents and/or "procedural" medications (such as anesthetic, dilating drops, fluorescein, etc)
  • History of pre-existing macular disease that confounds and/or precludes the evaluation of cystoid macular edema (including but not limited to macular hole, epiretinal membrane with pseudohole, diabetic macular edema, neovascular age-related macular degeneration, acute posterior uveitis)
  • CME due to other etiologies such as vein occlusion
  • Use of a topical ophthalmic prostaglandin analog within 14 days prior to enrollment, i.e., the subject does not agree to a 14 day washout period prior to enrollment.
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Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT00438243

United States, Maryland
The Johns Hopkins Hospital
Baltimore, Maryland, United States, 21287
Sponsors and Collaborators
Johns Hopkins University
Principal Investigator: Alisa Kim, MD Johns Hopkins University
  More Information

Responsible Party: Johns Hopkins University Identifier: NCT00438243     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 8377
Study First Received: February 21, 2007
Last Updated: July 1, 2016

Keywords provided by Johns Hopkins University:
Pseudophakic macular edema

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Macular Edema
Signs and Symptoms
Macular Degeneration
Retinal Degeneration
Retinal Diseases
Eye Diseases
Ophthalmic Solutions
Pharmaceutical Solutions
Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal
Analgesics, Non-Narcotic
Sensory System Agents
Peripheral Nervous System Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Anti-Inflammatory Agents
Antirheumatic Agents processed this record on April 21, 2017