Trial of MitoQ for Raised Liver Enzymes Due to Hepatitis C

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00433108
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : February 9, 2007
Last Update Posted : August 14, 2008
Information provided by:
Antipodean Pharmaceuticals, Inc.

Brief Summary:

A Phase 2, randomized, double-blind, parallel design trial of two doses of mitoquinone mesylate (MitoQ) and of placebo in patients with chronic Hepatitis C.

MitoQ is a mitochondria-targeted antioxidant that rapidly permeates the lipid bilayer and accumulates within mitochondria in organs such as liver, brain, heart, skeletal muscle. There is strong evidence for increased oxidative stress and mitochondrial damage leading to apoptosis via caspase activation. Several studies have shown that MitoQ protects cells from apoptosis by acting as a caspase inhibitor and may be effective in reducing cell damage in liver disease.

It is hypothesised that administration of MitoQ will lower raised ALT seen in patients with chronic Hepatitis C compared with placebo. Approximately 36 patients who have been unresponsive or not suitable for interferon-based therapy will be enrolled at one centre. Treatment duration will be 28 days with 28 days post-treatment follow-up.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Chronic Hepatitis C Drug: Mitoquinone mesylate (MitoQ) Phase 2

Detailed Description:

Hepatitis C is a viral liver infection that contributes significantly to the burden of chronic liver disease. It is currently estimated that over 170 million individuals (3% of the world's population)are infected. In New Zealand, an estimated 25,000 people are living with hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection and prevalence is predicted to increase by 50% over the next 10 years. HCV is primarily spread by blood-to-blood contact. The single most important risk factor for acquiring HCV is the use of injected recreational drugs, accounting for approximately 80% of infections.

Unlike hepatitis B, no hepatitis C vaccine is currently available. In the absence of an effective vaccine the current treatment of choice is interferon and ribavirin. However, treatment of chronic HCV infection with interferon-alpha monotherapy does not achieve sustained virologic response. Therefore, it is important to develop alternative treatment strategies for patients who are unresponsive or intolerant to current antiviral therapy.

The aim of this protocol is to compare two doses of a mitochondrial antioxidant treatment (MitoQ) and placebo for the treatment of patients with raised liver enzymes due to HCV infection. Approximately 36 eligible patients with chronic HCV infection will be randomised to receive one of two doses of MitoQ or placebo in a 1:1:1 ratio. Treatment duration will be 28 days with 28 days post-treatment follow-up.

Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 30 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Double (Participant, Investigator)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Double-Blind, Parallel, Randomized Comparison of Two Doses of MitoQ and Placebo for the Treatment of Patients With Raised Liver Enzymes Due to Hepatitis C
Study Start Date : March 2007
Actual Study Completion Date : November 2007

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Change in serum ALT concentration at Day 28 compared with baseline

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Efficacy: Change in AST at Day 28 compared with baseline, change in HCV RNA viral load, plasma Mitoquinone concentration for population pharmacokinetics
  2. Safety: Adverse events, vital signs, ECG, lab tests (biochemistry, hematology, urinalysis)

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 65 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Willing to adhere to study requirements as evidenced by providing written informed consent before initiation of any study-related procedures
  2. Aged between 18-65 years
  3. Documented history of chronic HCV infection (for at least 6 months prior to study entry) as diagnosed by either:

    1. Anti-HCV positive or
    2. HCV RNA viral load positive by PCR
  4. Be a non-responder to or unsuitable for interferon based therapy.
  5. Have liver inflammation, as defined by either AST and/or ALT levels 2-10 x ULN on at least 1 previous occasion within the past 6 months and at Pre-treatment visit
  6. alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) less than/equal to 50µg/L
  7. Hemoglobin ≥100g/L, platelet count ≥75x109/L, and white blood cell count ≥1.5x109/L
  8. Males, or females who are not of child-bearing potential or who are taking adequate contraceptive measures. Female patients must be postmenopausal for at least 2 years prior to the study, surgically sterile, or using effective contraception for at least 2 months prior to starting study drug and until 28 days following the last dose of study drug. Acceptable methods of birth control include hormonal contraceptives, or double-barrier methods.Negative serum pregnancy test must be documented at the Pre-treatment visit (i.e. within 14 days of starting study drug)
  9. Liver biopsy within past 3 years showing stage 2 fibrosis only (i.e. excludes cirrhosis and cancer); or within past 6 years showing stage 0 or 1 (no or minimal scarring).

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) or suspicion of HCC clinically or on ultrasound (or other imaging techniques)
  2. Presence of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)
  3. Co-infection with hepatitis B virus (HBV)
  4. Last baseline AST and ALT level prior to Day 1 of <2.0xULN
  5. Renal impairment (creatinine>1.5 x ULN) or hepatorenal syndrome
  6. Chronic pancreatitis
  7. Hospitalization for liver disease within 60 days of the Pre-treatment visit
  8. Liver transplant recipients
  9. Use of drug therapy for Hepatitis C, including the use of:

    1. drugs with presumed anti-Hepatitis C activity in the past 3 months
    2. corticosteroids in the past 30 days
    3. drugs with medium to high risk of hepatotoxicity (including alpha methyl-dopa, sodium valproic acid, isoniazide, or nitrofurantoin) in the past 30 days
  10. Any patient who admits to using or has a positive screening test for: amphetamines, barbiturates, pethidine, benzodiazepine, cocaine, methadone, opiates, phencyclidine or propoxyphene (unless medically prescribed and in stable doses for at least 30 days)
  11. Alcohol consumption >5 units per week
  12. Any patient who has received any investigational drug or device within 30 days of dosing, or who is scheduled to receive another investigational drug or device during the course of this trial
  13. History of a malignancy other than treated basal cell or squamous cell carcinoma of the skin; those with a history of malignancy that has been treated with no recurrence within the last 2 years are not excluded
  14. Use of antioxidants (Coenzyme Q10 and idebenone) at doses ≥300mg/day within 120 days prior to enrolment. Doses between 25-300mg/day are not an exclusion and require a 7 day washout prior to study enrolment
  15. Use of dietary supplements (vitamin or mineral) at constant doses throughout the study (unless medically prescribed). Patients choosing to stop using supplements are not excluded and require a 7 day washout period prior to study enrolment
  16. History of a hypersensitivity reaction to any components of the study drug or structurally similar compounds including Coenzyme Q10 and idebenone
  17. Unable to swallow tablets whole.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00433108

New Zealand
New Zealand Liver Unit, Auckland City Hospital
Auckland, New Zealand
Waikato Hospital
Hamilton, New Zealand
Sponsors and Collaborators
Antipodean Pharmaceuticals, Inc.
Principal Investigator: Edward J Gane, MBChB Liver Transplant Unit, Auckland City Hospital, New Zealand

Publications automatically indexed to this study by Identifier (NCT Number): Identifier: NCT00433108     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: MTQ-HC-001
First Posted: February 9, 2007    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: August 14, 2008
Last Verified: August 2008

Keywords provided by Antipodean Pharmaceuticals, Inc.:
Hepatitis C
liver enzymes

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Hepatitis A
Hepatitis C
Hepatitis, Chronic
Hepatitis C, Chronic
Liver Diseases
Digestive System Diseases
Hepatitis, Viral, Human
Virus Diseases
Enterovirus Infections
Picornaviridae Infections
RNA Virus Infections
Flaviviridae Infections