Are Character Building Lessons Effective in Decreasing Bullying Behaviors?

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00431470
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : February 5, 2007
Last Update Posted : February 5, 2009
Information provided by:
Maimonides Medical Center

Brief Summary:
Through the use of an educational intervention, the object of this study is to reduce the prevalence of bullying behaviors among fifth grade school age children. Bullying behaviors promote an environment of violence , fear, and hostility. The study will arrange to present six character education lessons in the classroom of fifth grade students in a New York City public school. Questionnaires will be administered to the students before and after all the lessons have been completed. Questionnaires will collect information about the students self perception of their levels of misconduct, impulsivity, confidence, value of non violence, ways of handling anger, opinions of their leadership behaviors, prevalence of bullying behaviors, and indications of levels of self esteem. Also, their fifth grade teachers will complete pre and post treatment student behavioral questionnaires.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Aggression Behavioral: Six classroom based character building education lessons Not Applicable

Detailed Description:

This is a 2 X 2X 2 research design that will study the constructs of self esteem, leadership skills, and prevalence of bullying among a fifth grade school age population. Before data collection, a letter describing the study along with an informed consent sheet, will be mailed to the student's parent/guardian. The written material will state that their child participation is not mandatory. A 48 item likert style questionnaire pre-treatment, post-treatment survey design will be administered to students. Basic demographic questions will also be asked about.

All fifth graders will be given questionnaires before they receive the six classroom lessons of 45 minutes duration and then after all the six lessons have been completed. Lessons will be offered on a weekly basis. The fifth graders will be divided into small groups of approximately 10 individuals. The lessons will be delivered by baccalaureate nursing students in their last semester of college. The groups will be formed at the beginning and membership will remain consistent to enhance development of trust and ease of authentic communication. The lessons will be selected from the program, Overcoming Obstacles, a formal educational program designed to assist students to communicate well and set meaningful goals for their lives. In addition, the classroom teachers will be asked to complete a 14 item likert style pre-treatment, post-treatment, both before and after the six lessons about their opinions of each student's behaviors pattern.

A statistician is a co-investigator and will identify the type of statistical analysis to be done.

Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 175 participants
Allocation: Non-Randomized
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Official Title: Is the Classroom Education Program Intervention Effective in Increasing Positive Self Esteem, Enhancing Leadership Behaviors, While Decreasing the Prevalence of Bullying Behaviors in Fifth Grade Elementary Students?
Study Start Date : February 2007
Actual Primary Completion Date : May 2007
Actual Study Completion Date : May 2007

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Questionnaires [ Time Frame: Complete ]

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   9 Years to 13 Years   (Child)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Fifth grade elementary school students

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Special education students

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00431470

United States, New York
PS 45
Staten Island, New York, United States, 10310
Sponsors and Collaborators
Maimonides Medical Center
Principal Investigator: Margaret M Governo, EdD, APRN Coney Island Hospital / Wagner College

Responsible Party: M. Governo, Coney Island Hospital Identifier: NCT00431470     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 06/09/VA01
First Posted: February 5, 2007    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: February 5, 2009
Last Verified: October 2006

Keywords provided by Maimonides Medical Center:
Classroom violence, character, bullying, self esteem

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Behavioral Symptoms