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GnRH Analogue for Ovarian Function Preservation in Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation Patients

This study has been completed.
TAP Pharmaceutical Products Inc.
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
M.D. Anderson Cancer Center Identifier:
First received: January 29, 2007
Last updated: May 20, 2013
Last verified: May 2013

Primary Objectives:

  • To determine the effectiveness of the 3-month depot leuprolide in inducing and maintaining secondary amenorrhea in patients undergo hematopoietic stem cell transplantation.
  • To determine the incidence of regained ovarian function manifested as spontaneous restoration of menstruation and normalization of hormonal level in patients after transplantation and discontinuation of long-acting leuprolide.

Condition Intervention Phase
Premature Ovarian Failure
Ovarian Function Insufficiency
Drug: Leuprolide Acetate
Behavioral: Questionnaire
Procedure: Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation
Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Phase II Study of GnRH Analogue for Ovarian Function Preservation in Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation Patients

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by M.D. Anderson Cancer Center:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Number of Participants With Secondary Amenorrhea Following 3-month Depot Leuprolide [ Time Frame: 6 months ]
    Hormonal profile blood tests including follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) test, luteinizing hormone (LH) and estradiol levels done every two months with menstruation questionnaire, starting three months after the injection of the second dose of leuprolide until the restoration of spontaneous menstruation or the presence of ovarian failure. Any unexpected vaginal bleeding or side effects during the period covered by leuprolide injection, which is 6 months, is recorded by participants in a monitoring checklist sheet given to them.

Enrollment: 60
Study Start Date: November 2002
Study Completion Date: June 2011
Primary Completion Date: June 2011 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Leuprolide Acetate
Leuprolide Acetate 22.5 mg intramuscular (IM) injection 2 months before hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) transplant and 3 months post-transplant.
Drug: Leuprolide Acetate
22.5 mg IM injection 2 months before transplant and 3 months post-transplant.
Other Names:
  • Leuprolide Acetate (delayed release)
  • Lupron Depot
Behavioral: Questionnaire
Questionnaires taking about 15 minutes to complete.
Other Name: Survey
Procedure: Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation
Stem cell infusion on Day 0.
Other Names:
  • HSCT
  • Stem Cell Transplant

Detailed Description:

All participants in this study will be scheduled for hematopoietic stem cell transplantation at The University of Texas (UT) MD Anderson Cancer Center.

Within two months before the transplantation, all participants will have a medical history, physical exam, and blood tests for ovarian function and platelet count. Participants will also need to have a gynecologic exam within one year before the transplantation.

Participants who are eligible will receive the first dose of leuprolide as an injection into either the shoulder muscle or the thigh muscle during their first clinic visit. Participants who have low platelet count will be given platelet transfusion before the injection.

Participants will then go on to have the transplantation as scheduled. Three months after the first dose of injection participants will have another clinic visit where blood tests for ovarian function will be performed. A second dose of the leuprolide will be given as an injection into the muscle at this visit. Again, if patients have low platelet count at that time, platelet transfusion will be given to patients before the injection. Participants will be given a checklist sheet for them to record any side effects while on the effect of leuprolide.

Three months after the last dose of the injection, patients will have the option to start taking or to resume oral contraceptive pills. Those who choose not to take or to resume oral contraceptive pills will be followed and observed for the return of menstrual or monthly cycles. Those who choose to take or to resume oral contraceptive pills, has to stop taking oral contraceptive pills for a period of 3-6 months starting 1 year after transplantation for us to assess the ovarian function.

During the period of follow up and observation of the return of menstruation, participants will be seen every two months either in the clinic or in the hospital if they are admitted. Participants will fill out questionnaires about their menstrual history at these visits. They should take about 15 minutes to complete. Blood tests for the ovarian function will also be done during these visits.

This is an investigational study. The drug used in this study is commercially available and has been approved by FDA for use in prostate cancer patients. Its use in this study is investigational. About seventy-five patients will take part in this study. All will be enrolled at MD Anderson.


Ages Eligible for Study:   up to 40 Years   (Child, Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   Female
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Hematopoietic stem cell transplantation candidate.
  • Post-menarche female less than 40 years old.
  • Premenopausal before the start of transplantation, or the start of oral contraceptive pills.
  • Follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) less than or equal to 20 IU/L and Luteinizing hormone (LH) less than or equal to 20 IU/L within 1 weeks of initiation of injection or the ovarian status is determined by Gynecology Oncology Service.
  • Agree to stop any oral contraceptive pills for a period of 3-6 months starting 1 year post-transplant

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Breast cancer
  • Ovarian cancer
  • Pregnancy
  • Hypersensitivity to any Gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) analogs
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT00429494

United States, Texas
UT MD Anderson Cancer Center
Houston, Texas, United States, 77030
Sponsors and Collaborators
M.D. Anderson Cancer Center
TAP Pharmaceutical Products Inc.
Principal Investigator: Naoto Ueno, MD, PhD M.D. Anderson Cancer Center
  More Information

Additional Information:
Responsible Party: M.D. Anderson Cancer Center Identifier: NCT00429494     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: ID01-710
Study First Received: January 29, 2007
Results First Received: May 20, 2013
Last Updated: May 20, 2013

Keywords provided by M.D. Anderson Cancer Center:
absence of menstruation
Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation
GnRH Analogue
Gonadotropin-releasing hormone analogue
Ovarian Function
Leuprolide Acetate
Lupron Depot
premature ovarian failure
Abnormal suppression of menstruation

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Primary Ovarian Insufficiency
Menopause, Premature
Menstruation Disturbances
Pathologic Processes
Ovarian Diseases
Adnexal Diseases
Genital Diseases, Female
Gonadal Disorders
Endocrine System Diseases
Fertility Agents, Female
Fertility Agents
Reproductive Control Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Antineoplastic Agents, Hormonal
Antineoplastic Agents processed this record on May 25, 2017