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Trastuzumab (Herceptin), Bevacizumab, and Docetaxel (Taxotere) Trial in Stage IV Metastatic Breast Cancer (MBC) Patients

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00428922
Recruitment Status : Active, not recruiting
First Posted : January 30, 2007
Results First Posted : February 12, 2016
Last Update Posted : May 10, 2017
Information provided by (Responsible Party):

Study Description
Brief Summary:
The primary objectives are to determine the progression-free survival (PFS) and to evaluate safety of the trastuzumab, bevacizumab and docetaxel regimen.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Breast Cancer Drug: Trastuzumab Drug: Bevacizumab Drug: Docetaxel Phase 2

Detailed Description:

Rationale: Antibodies are proteins that are normally part of the immune system that bind to foreign agents in the body. Researchers manufacture antibodies outside of the human body that bind to specific targets such as proteins in cancer cells. Herceptin is a monoclonal antibody that binds to the human epidermal growth factor receptor (HER-2), and can kill HER2-positive cancer cells. Herceptin is used to treat breast cancer that is HER2-positive, and has spread after treatment with other drugs. Bevacizumab is a signal transduction inhibitor that works by preventing the growth of new blood vessels from surrounding tissue into tumors. Bevacizumab specifically inhibits the vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), a substance made by cells that stimulates new blood vessel formation. Research indicates that HER-2 signaling helps to induce VEGF expression. Therefore, cancer treatments targeting both HER-2 and VEGF may improve anti-cancer efficacy in patients. Docetaxel is a chemotherapy agent used against breast and other types of cancer. The current study builds on previous research suggesting the safety and potential for efficacy with combination trastuzumab, bevacizumab, and docetaxel.

Purpose: The primary objectives are to determine the progression free survival and evaluate the safety of trastuzumab, bevacizumab, and docetaxel. Secondary objectives are to assess early changes in circulating tumor cells and circulating endothelial cells as predictors of progression free survival and clinical benefit, as well as to determine the overall clinical benefit rate.

Treatment: Study participants will be given trastuzumab, bevacizumab, and docetaxel. All study drugs will be given through intravenous infusions once every 21 days. A cycle is considered 3 weeks. A minimum of 6 study treatment cycles is required unless study participants experience disease growth or intolerable toxicity. The decision to stop docetaxel after 6 cycles is up to the discretion of the treating physician and the patient. Study participants who are deriving a benefit from the study drugs may continue on trastuzumab and bevacizumab alone. Several tests and exams will be given throughout the study to closely monitor study participants.

Study Design

Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 26 participants
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Phase II Trial of Trastuzumab (Herceptin), Bevacizumab, and Docetaxel (Taxotere) Trial in Stage IV Metastatic Breast Cancer (MBC) Patients
Actual Study Start Date : June 14, 2007
Primary Completion Date : November 1, 2012
Estimated Study Completion Date : December 31, 2017

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Breast Cancer
U.S. FDA Resources

Arms and Interventions

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Trastuzumab, Bevacizumab, and Docetaxel
Trastuzumab [6mg/kg], Bevacizumab [15mg/kg], and Docetaxel [75 mg/M²]
Drug: Trastuzumab
administered every three weeks on day 1, every 21 days. The dose given will be 6 mg/kg. The initial loading dose is 8mg/kg and is administered as a 90-minute infusion. Thereafter, the maintenance dose is 6mg/kg every three weeks administered as a 30 minute infusion (unless the treating physician indicates a longer infusion duration is warranted). Trastuzumab is given prior to bevacizumab. Trastuzumab is to be continued until disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
Other Name: Herceptin
Drug: Bevacizumab
administered every three weeks on day 1, every 21 days. The dose given will be 15 mg/kg. The initial dose is administered over 90 minutes. If the first infusion is well tolerated, the second dose is given over 60 minutes, and if that is well tolerated, then subsequent doses may be given over 30 minutes. Avastin is given after trastuzumab and prior to docetaxel.
Other Name: Avastin
Drug: Docetaxel
administered every three weeks on day 1, every 21 days. The dose given will be 75 mg/M². All doses of docetaxel are administered over 60 minutes. Docetaxel is given after trastuzumab and bevacizumab.
Other Name: Taxotere

Outcome Measures

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Progression-free Survival (PFS) and to Evaluate Safety of the Trastuzumab, Bevacizumab and Docetaxel Regimen. [ Time Frame: up to 3 years ]
    The trial was designed as a single-stage phase II rather then usual two-stage design because of the progression free survival (PFS) primary endpoint, as it is impractical to wait to assess PFS for patients in the first stage. We will consider a PFS of 50% at twelve months (median PFS of 12 months) or less uninteresting and a PFS of 70% at twelve months (median PFS of twenty months) worthy of pursuing the regimen in a future trials. The single-stage design is as follows: p0=0.50, p1=0.70, α=0.10, β= 0.10. This leads to a total sample size of 39 patients, 24 or higher of who are progression-free at 12 months.

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Changes in CTCs as Predictors of PFS and Clinical Benefit [ Time Frame: Day 1 and Day 22 ]
    Circulating tumor cells (CTCs) evaluated at baseline (day 1 of treatment) and after 1 treatment cycle (day 22 prior to cycle 2 treatment).

  2. Overall Clinical Benefit Rate (CR+PR+SD) [ Time Frame: at least 24 weeks ]
    Defined as best response of CR or PR or stable disease for at least 24 weeks. Per Response Evaluation Criteria In Solid Tumors Criteria (RECIST v1.0) for target lesions and assessed by MRI and/or CT: Partial Response (PR), >=30% decrease in the sum of the longest diameter of target lesions; Stable Disease (SD), neither sufficient shrinkage to qualify for a Partial Response nor sufficient increase to qualify for Progression of Disease (POD); POD, 20% increase in the sum of the longest diameter of target lesions, or a measurable increase in a non-target lesion, or the appearance of new lesions; Complete Response (CR), Disappearance of all target lesions

  3. Changes in CECs as Predictors of PFS and Clinical Benefit [ Time Frame: Day 1 and Day 22 ]
    Circulating endothelial cells (CECs) are to be collected day 1 prior to treatment and day 22 prior to treatment. These samples are to be collected at the PI's discretion based upon the availability of the cell processing laboratory, the patients will be informed when consented if the samples will collected or not.

Eligibility Criteria

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Histologically confirmed breast cancer with evidence of metastatic disease
  • HER2 3+ or FISH (fluorescent in situ hybridization)+
  • Age ≥ 18 years
  • No prior trastuzumab, except as given in the adjuvant or neoadjuvant setting.
  • No prior chemotherapy in the metastatic setting.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • CNS (central nervous system) metastases
  • Prior radiation therapy within the last 4 weeks
  • Pregnant (positive pregnancy test) or lactating women
  • Major surgical procedure, open biopsy, non-healing wounds, or significant traumatic injury within 28 days prior to starting study or anticipation of need for major surgical procedure during the study
  • Minor surgical procedures such as fine needle aspirations or core biopsies within 7 days prior to start of study.
Contacts and Locations

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT00428922

United States, Ohio
Cleveland Clinic Foundation
Cleveland, Ohio, United States, 44195
Ohio State University
Columbus, Ohio, United States, 43210
United States, Pennsylvania
University of Pittsburgh
Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States, 15213
Sponsors and Collaborators
Bhuvaneswari Ramaswamy
Genentech, Inc.
Case Comprehensive Cancer Center
University of Pittsburgh
Principal Investigator: Bhuvaneswari Ramaswamy, MD Ohio State University
More Information

Additional Information:
Responsible Party: Bhuvaneswari Ramaswamy, Principal Investigator, Ohio State University Comprehensive Cancer Center
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00428922     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: OSU-06027
NCI-2011-03219 ( Registry Identifier: Clinical Trial Reporting Program (CTRP) )
First Posted: January 30, 2007    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: February 12, 2016
Last Update Posted: May 10, 2017
Last Verified: April 2017

Keywords provided by Bhuvaneswari Ramaswamy, Ohio State University Comprehensive Cancer Center:
Breast Cancer

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Breast Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Breast Diseases
Skin Diseases
Angiogenesis Inhibitors
Angiogenesis Modulating Agents
Growth Substances
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Growth Inhibitors
Antineoplastic Agents
Tubulin Modulators
Antimitotic Agents
Mitosis Modulators
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action