Comparison of the Quantiferon®-TB GOLD (in Tube) Assay With Tuberculin Skin Testing for Detecting Latent Tuberculosis Infection in Patients With Chronic Liver Disease Being Evaluated for or Awaiting Liver Transplantation
|Study Design:||Allocation: Non-Randomized
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Diagnostic
|Official Title:||Comparison of the Quantiferon®-TB GOLD (in Tube) Assay With Tuberculin Skin Testing for Detecting Latent Tuberculosis Infection in Patients With Chronic Liver Disease Being Evaluated for or Awaiting Liver Transplantation|
- To assess the concordance between the QFT-G IT assay and the TST in patients with end stage liver disease awaiting liver transplantation and to relate the test results to the patient's risk of latent TB infection.
- To assess the factors that are associated with discordance between the TST and the QFT-G test
- To assess for laboratory parameters that may influence the QFT-G IT assay, such as lymphocyte count and liver function tests.
- To assess the frequency of anergy in this patient population.
|Study Start Date:||January 2007|
- Review and record the results of the test/procedures (x-rays, CT-scans, etc.) that are part of the subject's clinical care and the results will become part of the research record. In addition, laboratory results (liver function tests, chemistry, CBC with diff, PT and INR or PTT) will be collected from the medical record.
- Record the list of medications the subject is taking. Collect information on demographics (address, phone number, etc.) including gender, race and ethnicity.
- Review and record past medical and social history
The screening procedures will take a total of about 15-30 minutes and all subjects will be seen in the Liver Transplant Clinic. The investigator and research coordinators will be reviewing the subject's medical record to collect the required information about the subject's medical history. We will ask the subject, if it cannot be found in the medical record, about past TB exposure and treatment, overseas travel, and current resident status (long term care facility, home, hospital, etc.)
If the subject qualifies for the research study the subject will undergo the experimental procedures listed below. These procedures will take place during the visit in the Liver Transplant Clinic.
As part of the liver transplant evaluation subjects will have blood withdrawn for different types of testing. When the blood is obtained we will collect about 3cc of blood for the new TB testing. This collection of the blood sample will occur while the subject is getting their required pre transplant blood work so that they will not need to get stuck twice with a needle. The results of this research testing will not be available to the subject or physicians but will be compared.
The QuantiFERON®-TB Gold IT system uses specialized blood collection tubes, which are used to collect whole blood. Incubation of the blood occurs in the tubes for 16 to 24 hours, after which, plasma is harvested and tested for the presence of IFN-g produced in response to the peptide antigens.
The QFT-G (IT) assay will be performed according to the manufacturer's instructions (Cellestis Ltd.). One mL of whole blood is placed in three separate test tubes, one containing no antigen (nil control), one with TB antigens (ESAT-6, CFP-10 and TB7.7) and one with phytohemaglutinin (mitogen or positive control). The three tubes will be incubated as soon as possible after collection (within 16hrs) and will incubate for 16 to 24 hours at 37°C. Following this incubation period, the tubes will be centrifuged. The plasma will be removed from the tube and placed in a plasma storage container. These containers will then be frozen for future IFN-γ measurement by ELISA. Each institution will perform testing up to this point in the process. Each month, plasma samples will be posted on ice to Edmonton Hospital in Alberta, Canada. The samples will be batched and then undergo the ELISA testing process according to the manufacturer's instructions.
A result of ≥0.35 IU/mL in the TB antigen tube will be considered a positive result. If the level is less than this and the mitogen control is positive (≥ 0.5 IU/mL), a negative result will be recorded. If the level in both the TB antigen and mitogen tube is less than the threshold for positive, then an indeterminate (anergic) result will be recorded. The nil antigen tube adjusts for background IFN-γ levels and is subtracted from the IFN-γ level for the TB antigen and mitogen tube.
Once we have collected the blood sample the subject will have completed the study.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00424684
|United States, Pennsylvania|
|University of Pittsburgh Medical Center|
|Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States, 15213|
|Principal Investigator:||Fernanda Silveira, MD||University of Pittsburgh|
|Principal Investigator:||David L Paterson, MD||University of Pittsburgh|