Now Available: Final Rule for FDAAA 801 and NIH Policy on Clinical Trial Reporting

A Study of Belimumab in Subjects With Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (SLE) (BLISS-52)

This study has been completed.
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Human Genome Sciences Inc. Identifier:
First received: January 17, 2007
Last updated: February 13, 2014
Last verified: February 2014
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the efficacy, safety, tolerability, and impact on quality of life of two different doses of belimumab administered in addition to standard therapy in subjects with active, autoantibody-positive systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) disease.

Condition Intervention Phase
Systemic Lupus Erythematosus
Drug: Placebo
Drug: Belimumab 1 mg/kg
Drug: Belimumab 10 mg/kg
Phase 3

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Investigator)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase 3, Multi-Center, Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled, 52-Wk Study to Evaluate the Efficacy and Safety of Belimumab (HGS1006, LymphoStat-B™), a Fully Human Monoclonal Anti-BLyS Antibody, in Subjects With Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (SLE)

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by Human Genome Sciences Inc.:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • SLE Responder Index (SRI) Response Rate at Week 52 [ Time Frame: Baseline, 52 weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

    Percentage of subjects with a ≥ 4 point reduction from baseline in SELENA SLEDAI score, and no worsening (increase of < 0.30 points from baseline) in PGA, and no new BILAG A organ domain score or 2 new BILAG B organ domain scores compared with baseline.

    SELENA SLEDAI is calculated from 24 individual descriptors; 0 indicates inactive disease and the maximum theoretical score is 105; scores > 20 are rare. PGA is a visual analog scale scored from 0 to 3 (1=mild, 2=moderate, 3=severe). BILAG uses a single score for each of the 8 organ domains; range is from severe to no disease (A to E).

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Percent of Subjects With a ≥ 4 Point Reduction From Baseline in SELENA SLEDAI Score at Wk 52. [ Time Frame: Baseline, 52 weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Mean Change in Physician's Global Assessment (PGA) at Wk 24. [ Time Frame: Baseline, 24 weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The PGA is a visual analog scale scored from 0 to 3. A score of 1 corresponds to mild lupus disease activity. A score of 2 correlates with moderate disease activity and a score of 3 with severe disease activity.

  • Mean Change From Baseline in Medical Outcomes 36-Item Short Form Health Survey (SF-36) Physical Component Summary Score (PCS) at Wk 24. [ Time Frame: Baseline, 24 weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The SF-36 is a generic health related quality of life (HRQOL) measurement. The survey includes 36 questions grouped to 8 domains and 2 summary measures (physical and mental health component, PCS and MCS, respectively) assessing HRQOL. Responses are scored according to the SF-36v2™ manual. A score is calculated for each SF-36 domain based on the patient's response to each question within it. This is then transformed to a scale ranging from 0 (worst) to 100 (best) points. The PCS is norm-based where the mean=50 and standard deviation (SD)=10. Higher scores represent better physical health.

  • Percent of Subjects Whose Average Prednisone Dose Has Been Reduced by ≥ 25% From Baseline to ≤ 7.5 mg/Day During Weeks 40 Through 52 [ Time Frame: Baseline, Weeks 40 through 52 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Other Outcome Measures:
  • Adverse Events (AE) Overview [ Time Frame: Up to 56 Weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]

Enrollment: 865
Study Start Date: May 2007
Study Completion Date: March 2010
Primary Completion Date: May 2009 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Placebo Comparator: Placebo
Drug: Placebo
Placebo IV plus standard therapy; placebo administered on Days 0, 14, 28, and every 28 days thereafter through Week 48.
Experimental: Belimumab 1 mg/kg
Belimumab 1 mg/kg
Drug: Belimumab 1 mg/kg
Belimumab 1 mg/kg IV plus standard therapy on Days 0, 14, 28, and every 28 days thereafter through Week 48.
Other Name: BENLYSTA™ (formerly LymphoStat-B™)
Experimental: Belimumab 10 mg/kg
Belimumab 10 mg/kg
Drug: Belimumab 10 mg/kg
Belimumab 10 mg/kg IV plus standard therapy on Days 0, 14, 28, and every 28 days thereafter through Week 48.
Other Name: BENLYSTA™ (formerly LymphoStat-B™)


Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Key Inclusion Criteria:

  • Clinical diagnosis of SLE by ACR criteria.
  • Active SLE disease.
  • Autoantibody-positive.
  • On stable SLE treatment regimen.

Key Exclusion Criteria:

  • Pregnant or nursing
  • Have received treatment with any B cell targeted therapy.
  • Have received treatment with a biological investigational agent in the past year.
  • Have received IV cyclophosphamide within 180 days of Day 0.
  • Have severe lupus kidney disease.
  • Have active central nervous system (CNS) lupus.
  • Have required management of acute or chronic infections within the past 60 days.
  • Have current drug or alcohol abuse or dependence.
  • Have a historically positive test or test positive at screening for HIV, hepatitis B, or hepatitis C.
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT00424476

  Show 92 Study Locations
Sponsors and Collaborators
Human Genome Sciences Inc.
Study Director: GSK Clinical Trials Human Genome Sciences Inc.
  More Information

Publications automatically indexed to this study by Identifier (NCT Number):

Responsible Party: Human Genome Sciences Inc. Identifier: NCT00424476     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: HGS1006-C1057  BLISS-52  110752 
Study First Received: January 17, 2007
Results First Received: April 7, 2011
Last Updated: February 13, 2014
Health Authority: Romania: Ministry of Public Health
Brazil: National Health Surveillance Agency
United States: Food and Drug Administration
Korea: Food and Drug Administration
Colombia: INVIMA Instituto Nacional de Vigilancia de Medicamentos y Alimentos
Chile: Instituto de Salud Pública de Chile
Taiwan: Department of Health
India: Drugs Controller General of India
Philippines: Bureau of Food and Drugs
Argentina: Administracion Nacional de Medicamentos, Alimentos y Tecnologia Medica
Hong Kong: Department of Health
Russia: Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation
Peru: General Directorate of Pharmaceuticals, Devices, and Drugs
Australia: Therapeutic Goods Administration

Keywords provided by Human Genome Sciences Inc.:
Autoimmune Diseases
Systemic Lupus Erythematosus

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Lupus Erythematosus, Systemic
Connective Tissue Diseases
Autoimmune Diseases
Immune System Diseases
Immunosuppressive Agents
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs processed this record on December 02, 2016