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A Study of CC-5013 Plus Dexamethasone Versus Dexamethasone Alone in Previously Treated Subjects With Multiple Myeloma

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00424047
First Posted: January 18, 2007
Last Update Posted: October 19, 2017
The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Celgene
  Purpose
To compare the efficacy of oral CC-5013 in combination with oral pulse high-dose dexamethasone to that of placebo and oral high-dose pulse dexamethasone as treatment for subjects with relapsed or refractory multiple myeloma."

Condition Intervention Phase
Multiple Myeloma Drug: CC-5013 plus dexamethasone Drug: Dexamethasone plus Placebo Phase 3

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Quadruple (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: The Official Title is A Multi-center, Randomized, Parallel-group, Double-blind, Placebo Controlled Study of CC-5013 Plus Dexamethasone Versus Dexamethasone Alone in Previously Treated Subjects With Multiple Myeloma.

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Celgene:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Kaplan-Meier Estimate of Time to Tumor Progression (TTP) [ Time Frame: From randomization up to cut-off date of 03 August 2005; up to 24 months ]
    Time to progression was calculated as the time from randomization to the first occurrence of disease progression, as determined by a detailed review of all the myeloma response assessment data using the Bladé criteria (Bladé, 1998). Disease progression was also based on bone marrow findings, worsening lytic bone disease, progressively enlarging extramedullary plasmacytomas, or hypercalcemia.

  • Kaplan-Meier Estimate of Time to Tumor Progression (TTP) (Later Cut-off Date of 02 Mar 2008) [ Time Frame: From randomization up to cut-off date of 02 March 2008; up to 51 months ]
    Time to progression was calculated as the time from randomization to the first occurrence of disease progression, as determined by a detailed review of all the myeloma response assessment data using the Bladé criteria (Bladé, 1998). Disease progression was also based on bone marrow findings, worsening lytic bone disease, progressively enlarging extramedullary plasmacytomas, or hypercalcemia.


Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Kaplan-Meier Estimate of Overall Survival (OS) [ Time Frame: Randomization to data cut off of 03 August 2005; up to 24 months ]
    OS was calculated as the time from randomization to death from any cause. OS was censored at the last date that the participant was known to be alive for participants who were alive at the time of analysis and for participants who were lost to follow-up before death was documented.

  • Kaplan-Meier Estimate of Overall Survival (OS) (Later Cut-off Date of 02 March 2008) [ Time Frame: Randomization to data cut off of 02 March 2008; up to 51 months ]
    OS was calculated as the time from randomization to death from any cause. OS was censored at the last date that the participant was known to be alive for participants who were alive at the time of analysis and for participants who were lost to follow-up before death was documented.

  • Summary of Myeloma Response Rates Based on Best Response Assessment [ Time Frame: Randomization to 03 August 2005; up to 24 months ]
    Complete Response (CR): Disappearance of monoclonal paraprotein and maintained for ≥ 6 weeks . Remission Response (RR):75-99% reduction in the level of the serum monoclonal paraprotein compared to baseline; 90-99% reduction in 24-hr urinary light chain excretion. Partial Response (PR): 50-74% reduction in the level of monoclonal paraprotein compared to baseline; 50-89% reduction in 24-hr urinary light chain excretion. Stable Disease (SD): Criteria for PR or PD have not been met. Plateau Phase: If PR, stable monoclonal paraprotein values (within 25% above or below nadir)/stable soft tissue plasmacytomas maintained for at least 3 months. Progressive Disease (PD): Reappearance of serum or urinary monoclonal paraprotein on immunofixation or electrophoresis on two consecutive occasions at least one week apart. Increase of percentage of plasma cells in bone marrow aspirate or biopsy to ≥ 5%. Development of at least one new lytic bone lesion or soft tissue plasmacytoma.

  • Myeloma Response Rates Based on the Reviewers Best Response Assessment (Later Cut-off Date of 02 March 2008) [ Time Frame: Randomization to data cut-off of 02 Mar 2008; up to 51 months ]
    Complete Response (CR): Disappearance of monoclonal paraprotein and maintained for ≥ 6 weeks . Remission Response (RR):75-99% reduction in the level of the serum monoclonal paraprotein compared to baseline; 90-99% reduction in 24-hr urinary light chain excretion. Partial Response (PR): 50-74% reduction in the level of monoclonal paraprotein compared to baseline; 50-89% reduction in 24-hr urinary light chain excretion. Stable Disease (SD): Criteria for PR or PD have not been met. Plateau Phase: If PR, stable monoclonal paraprotein values (within 25% above or below nadir)/stable soft tissue plasmacytomas maintained for at least 3 months. Progressive Disease (PD): Reappearance of serum or urinary monoclonal paraprotein on immunofixation or electrophoresis on two consecutive occasions at least one week apart. Increase of percentage of plasma cells in bone marrow aspirate or biopsy to ≥ 5%. Development of at least one new lytic bone lesion or soft tissue plasmacytoma.

  • Number of Participants With Adverse Events (AE) [ Time Frame: From first dose of study drug through to 30 days after the last dose, until the data cut-off date of 25 June 2013; up to 90 months ]

    An AE is any sign, symptom, illness, or diagnosis that appears or worsens during the course of the study. Treatment-emergent AEs (TEAEs) are any AE occurring or worsening on or after the first treatment of the study drug and within 30 days after the last cycle end date of study drug. A serious AE = any AE which results in death; is life-threatening; requires or prolongs existing inpatient hospitalization; results in persistent or significant disability is a congenital anomaly/birth defect; constitutes an important medical event.

    The severity of AEs were graded according to the National Cancer Institute (NCI) Common Terminology Criteria for AEs (CTCAE, Version 2.0): Grade 1 = Mild (no limitation in activity or intervention required); Grade 2 = Moderate (some limitation in activity; no/minimal medical intervention required); Grade 3 = Severe (marked limitation in activity; medical intervention required, hospitalization possible); Grade 4 = Life-threatening; Grade 5 = Death.


  • Time to First Symptomatic Skeletal-related Event (SRE) (Clinical Need for Radiation or Surgery to Bone) [ Time Frame: Up to unblinding data cut off of 03 August 2005; up to 24 months ]
    Time from randomization to the date of the first occurrence of a symptomatic SRE (clinical need for radiotherapy or surgery to bone).

  • Time to First Worsening on the Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) Performance Scale [ Time Frame: Randomization to cut off date of 03 August 2005; up to 24 months ]
    The time to first worsening of the ECOG performance status was calculated as the time from randomization to the date of the first worsening compared with the last ECOG evaluation obtained prior to randomization. Data were censored at the last date that the participant was known to be unchanged or improved from before randomization for the participants who had not had worsened at the time of the analysis and for the patients who were lost to follow-up before worsening in the ECOG performance status was documented.

  • Time to First Worsening on the Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) Performance Scale (Later Cut-off Date of 02 March 2008) [ Time Frame: Randomization to cut off date of 02 March 2008; up to 51 months ]
    The time to first worsening of the ECOG performance status was calculated as the time from randomization to the date of the first worsening compared with the last ECOG evaluation obtained prior to randomization. Data were censored at the last date that the participant was known to be unchanged or improved from before randomization for the participants who had not had worsened at the time of the analysis and for the patients who were lost to follow-up before worsening in the ECOG performance status was documented.


Enrollment: 351
Actual Study Start Date: January 1, 2003
Study Completion Date: November 12, 2013
Primary Completion Date: November 1, 2005 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: CC-5013 plus dexamethasone
Arm A: Oral CC-5013 is initiated on Day 1 of Cycle 1 at a dose of 25 mg daily for 21 days every 28 days. Therefore, the subject will take a placebo identical in appearance to the CC-5013 capsule for week 4 of every 28 days. Oral pulse dexamethasone is administered at a dose of 40mg daily on Days 1-4, 9-12, and 17-20 of each 28 day cycle for Cycles 1 through 4. Beginning with Cycle 5, the oral dexamethasone dosing schedule will be reduced to 40mg daily for Days 1-4 every 28 days. In addition, oral CC-5013 placebo capsules will be administered for 28 days of every cycle.
Drug: CC-5013 plus dexamethasone
25 mg daily for 21 days every 28 days.
Other Names:
  • Revlimid
  • lenalidomide
Experimental: Dexamethasone plus placebo
Arm B: Oral pulse dexamethasone is administered at a dose of 40mg daily on Days 1-4, 9-12, and 17-20 of each 28 day cycle for Cycles 1 through 4. Beginning with Cycle 5, the oral dexamethasone dosing schedule will be reduced to 40mg daily for Days 1-4 every 28 days. In addition, oral placebo capsules will be administered for 28 days of every cycle.
Drug: Dexamethasone plus Placebo
Oral pulse dexamethasone is administered at a dose of 40mg daily on Days 1-4, 9-12, and 17-20 of each 28 day cycle for Cycles 1 through 4. Beginning with Cycle 5, the oral dexamethasone dosing schedule will be reduced to 40mg daily for Days 1-4 every 28 days. In addition, oral placebo capsules will be administered for 28 days of every cycle.
Other Names:
  • Dexamethasone
  • Placebo

  Eligibility

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Prior or current diagnosis Durie-Salmon stage II or III multiple myeloma.
  • Measurable levels of myeloma paraprotein in serum or urine (24-hour collection sample).
  • Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status score of 0,1, or 2
  • Females of childbearing potential must have a negative serum or urine pregnancy test within 7 days of starting study drug

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Prior development of disease progression during high-dose dexamethasone containing therapy
  • Pregnant or lactating females
  • The development of a desquamating rash while taking thalidomide
  • Use of any standard/experimental anti-myeloma therapy within 28 days of randomization or use of any experimental non-drug therapy within 56 days of initiation of drug treatment
  • Laboratory abnormalities: Absolute neutrophil count less than 1,000 cells/mm3
  • Laboratory abnormalities: Platelet count < 75,000/mm3
  • Laboratory abnormalities: Serum creatinine > 2.5 mg/dL
  • Laboratory abnormalities: Serum Serum glutamic oxaloacetic transaminase (SGOT)/Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) or Serum glutamic pyruvic transaminase (SGPT)/Alanine aminotransferase (ALT) > 3.0 x upper limit of normal
  • Laboratory abnormalities: Serum total bilirubin > 2.0 mg/dL
  • Prior history of malignancies other than multiple myeloma unless the subject has been free of the disease for ≥ 3 years.
  Contacts and Locations
Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT00424047


  Show 69 Study Locations
Sponsors and Collaborators
Celgene
Investigators
Study Director: Robert Knight, MD Celgene Corporation
  More Information

Additional Information:
Publications:
Publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
Responsible Party: Celgene
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00424047     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: CC-5013-MM-010
First Submitted: January 17, 2007
First Posted: January 18, 2007
Results First Submitted: February 13, 2015
Results First Posted: March 4, 2015
Last Update Posted: October 19, 2017
Last Verified: September 2017

Keywords provided by Celgene:
Multiple Myeloma
Celgene
Revlimid
CC-5013

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Multiple Myeloma
Neoplasms, Plasma Cell
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms
Hemostatic Disorders
Vascular Diseases
Cardiovascular Diseases
Paraproteinemias
Blood Protein Disorders
Hematologic Diseases
Hemorrhagic Disorders
Lymphoproliferative Disorders
Immunoproliferative Disorders
Immune System Diseases
Dexamethasone acetate
Dexamethasone
Lenalidomide
Thalidomide
BB 1101
Anti-Inflammatory Agents
Antiemetics
Autonomic Agents
Peripheral Nervous System Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Gastrointestinal Agents
Glucocorticoids
Hormones
Hormones, Hormone Substitutes, and Hormone Antagonists
Antineoplastic Agents, Hormonal
Antineoplastic Agents