First Experimental Study of Transference-Interpretations (FEST)
Analysis of the ongoing patient-therapist interaction, the transference, is considered a key active ingredient in psychoanalytically oriented psychotherapy and psychoanalysis.However, one century after Sigmund Freuds's famous "Dora" case, the first clinical description of transference, no study of transference interpretations have been published.In the present study 100 out-patients were randomized to receive one year weekly dynamic psychotherapy, with and without transference interpretations. That is, one treatment component,transference interpretations, were added to a comparison condition, therapy of the same format, by the same therapists, but without use of transference interpretation.
All treatment session were audiotaped, and treatment integrity have been carefully checked. Patients were evaluated at treatment termination, one year after treatment termination and three years after treatment termination. Enrollment of patients started january 1993, and all follow-up evaluations completed by December 2005.
Behavioral: Brief dynamic psychotherapy
|Study Design:||Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Single Blind
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Official Title:||First Experimental Study of Transference Interpretations (FEST)|
- The Psychodynamic Functioning Scales (PFS), clinician rated
- Inventory if Interpersonal Problems-Circumplex version (IIP-C), self-report
- The Global Assessment of Functioning Scale (GAF)
- Global Severity Index (GSI) from SCL-90-R
|Study Start Date:||January 1993|
|Estimated Study Completion Date:||December 2005|
This study is designed to measure specific long-term effects of transference interpretations in dynamic psychotherapy, using an experimental dismantling design. One hundred psychiatric out-patients, referred to seven study therapists, to receive exploratory dynamic psychotherapy, were randomized to one year weekly dynamic psychotherapy, with and without transference interpretations.They suffered from mood,anxiety,and personality disorders or interpersonal problems not due to a mental disorder. All treatment sessions were audiotaped and treatment integrity carefully checked.All patients have been evaluated before treatment, after treatment, one year after termination of treatment, and three years after termination of treatment. The main outcome measures were the Psychodynamic Functioning Scales (PFS) and Inventory of Interpersonal Problems-Circumplex version (IIP-C).Chang over time is assessed using linear mixed model analyses.
The main hypothesis is that patients treated with transference interpretations will have a more favourable course over the whole study period of four years.
The second hypothesis is that suitable patients, that is patients with a life long pattern of more mature object relations (QOR) and/or patients without comorbid personality disorders will do better with transference interpretations.
Insight and identification with the therapist will be analyzed as putative mediators of long-term change in interpersonal functioning
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00423462
|Department of Psychiatry, Faculty of Medicine, University of Oslo|
|Oslo, Norway, 0881 Oslo|
|Principal Investigator:||Per Høglend, M.D. Ph. D.||Department of Psychiatry, Faculty of Medicine, Unoversity of Oslo|