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Lycopene in Preventing Prostate Cancer in Patients Who Are at High Risk of Developing Prostate Cancer

This study has been completed.
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Information provided by:
National Cancer Institute (NCI) Identifier:
First received: December 27, 2006
Last updated: June 25, 2013
Last verified: September 2006

RATIONALE: Chemoprevention is the use of certain drugs or substances to keep cancer from forming, growing, or coming back. The use of lycopene, a substance found in tomatoes, may keep prostate cancer from forming in patients at high risk of developing prostate cancer.

PURPOSE: This phase I trial is studying the side effects and best dose of lycopene in preventing prostate cancer in patients who are at high risk of developing prostate cancer.

Condition Intervention Phase
Prostate Cancer
Dietary Supplement: lycopene
Other: laboratory biomarker analysis
Phase 1

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Primary Purpose: Prevention
Official Title: Phase I Multiple Dose Pharmacokinetic Study of Lycopene Delivered in a Well-Defined Food-Based Lycopene Delivery System (Tomato Paste-Oil Mixture) in Patients at Increased Risk for Developing Prostate Cancer

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by National Cancer Institute (NCI):

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Toxicity as measured by NCI CTC v2.0
  • Feasibility of daily consumption of prescribed volumes of the formulation
  • Serum lycopene levels, including other carotenoids and lipid soluble vitamins, at 1 and 3 months
  • Pharmacokinetics at 1 and 3 months
  • Tissue distribution of lycopene (oral mucosa and prostate tissue)
  • Modulation of surrogate endpoint biomarkers which include oxidative stress in blood, oral mucosa, and prostate tissue
  • Modulation of serum prostate-specific antigen
  • Cellular proliferation as measured by proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA)
  • Apoptosis as measured by Terminal deoxynucleotidyl Transferase Biotin-dUTP Nick End Labeling in prostate tissue
  • Serum levels of insulin-like growth factor (IGF-1) and the modulation of prostate histology (prostatic intraepithelial neoplasia [PIN], when and if present)

Estimated Enrollment: 18
Study Completion Date: September 2006
Detailed Description:


  • Define the toxicity and safety of lycopene administered as a food-based delivery system as a chemoprevention agent in patients who are at a high risk of developing prostate cancer.
  • Define the pharmacokinetics and tissue distribution in patients receiving this regimen.
  • Characterize surrogate endpoint biomarkers (SEBs) in the peripheral blood, buccal mucosa, and the prostate itself, which will provide evidence of biological activity relevant to a chemoprevention effect.

    • Characterize the oxidative stress state of the individual by studies of DNA oxidation in the prostate and buccal mucosa, as well as DNA oxidation and lipid peroxidation within the peripheral blood.
    • Define the effects of lycopene through a food delivery system on prostate histology (prostatic intraepithelial neoplasia), markers of cellular proliferation [PCNA], and apoptosis in the prostate.
    • Evaluate the effects of lycopene on the serum levels of total prostate-specific antigen (PSA), free PSA, and PSA density.
  • Provide the basic knowledge in reference to toxicity, pharmacokinetics, and SEBs needed to proceed to a large phase II or III lycopene study in these patients.

OUTLINE: This is a dose-escalation, multicenter study.

Patients receive oral lycopene in tomato paste and olive oil, once, twice, or three times daily for 3 months.

Cohorts of 6 patients receive escalating doses of lycopene until the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) is determined. The MTD is defined as the dose preceding that at which 2 of 6 patients experience dose-limiting toxicity.

Patients undergo buccal scrapings and blood collection periodically during study for pharmacokinetics and biomarker studies.

After completion of study treatment, patients are followed for 1 month.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 18 patients will be accrued for this study.


Ages Eligible for Study:   35 Years to 75 Years   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   Male
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No


  • Elevated prostate-specific antigen (PSA), meeting 1 of the following criteria:

    • PSA > 4.0 ng/mL for patients at any age
    • PSA > 2.0 ng/mL for patients 35 to 49 years of age
    • PSA rise (velocity) of > 0.75 ng/mL over the past year
  • Has undergone a prostate biopsy* (following findings of elevated PSA) within the past 180 days that failed to reveal prostate cancer

    • Prostate intraepithelial neoplasia allowed NOTE: *At least 4 core biopsies are considered acceptable


  • Karnofsky performance status 80-100%
  • Bilirubin ≤ 2.0 mg/dL
  • AST and ALT ≤ 2 times upper limit of normal
  • Creatinine ≤ 2.0 mg/dL
  • WBC ≥ 3,000/mm^3
  • Hemoglobin ≥ 11.0 g/dL
  • Absolute neutrophil count ≥ 1,500/mm^3
  • Platelet count ≥ 125,000/mm^3
  • No history of gastrointestinal malabsorption or other condition affecting drug absorption
  • No history of food allergy to tomato-based products
  • No history of any chronic medical condition that, in the judgment of the investigator, may pose threat or additional risk to the patient (including a current history of alcohol or drug abuse)
  • No active history of cancer or other illnesses that, in the opinion of the investigator, could represent a threat to patient's life, including congestive heart failure or uncontrolled hypertension


  • No participation in any other experimental trial within the past 4 weeks
  • No concurrent chronic use of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs
  • No concurrent participation in another experimental trial
  • No concurrent supplements (except multivitamins), including herbal and soy products
  Contacts and Locations
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Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT00416325

Sponsors and Collaborators
University of Illinois at Chicago
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Principal Investigator: Keith A. Rodvold University of Illinois at Chicago
  More Information

Publications automatically indexed to this study by Identifier (NCT Number): Identifier: NCT00416325     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: UIC-2000-0931
CDR0000467322 ( Registry Identifier: PDQ (Physician Data Query) )
Study First Received: December 27, 2006
Last Updated: June 25, 2013

Keywords provided by National Cancer Institute (NCI):
prostate cancer

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Prostatic Neoplasms
Genital Neoplasms, Male
Urogenital Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Genital Diseases, Male
Prostatic Diseases
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Protective Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Radiation-Protective Agents
Anticarcinogenic Agents
Antineoplastic Agents processed this record on April 21, 2017