Respiratory Tumor and Normal Tissue Motion
- To collect accurate and reliable respiration-induced anatomic structure motion data using four-dimensional (4-D) imaging technology.
- To analyze these data to study respiration-induced variations and patterns in variations of positions, shapes and volumes of tumors and normal anatomic structures in the thorax and abdomen over a breathing cycle, from one breathing cycle to the next, day-to-day and over the course of radiotherapy.
- To assess dosimetric and potential clinical consequences of respiratory motion in the current practice of radiotherapy through preclinical treatment simulation (treatment planning) studies.
- To quantify the potential consequences of explicitly accounting for respiration-induced motion on dose distributions and outcome (tumor control probabilities and normal tissue complication probabilities) through preclinical treatment simulation studies.
- To investigate the feasibility of using patient training to regulate patient breathing and improve the quality of images and to stratify patients for their eligibility for respiratory-correlated imaging and radiotherapy and for the implementation of various strategies for mitigation of respiratory-induced motion.
- To assess the degree of correlation of the marker (or internal anatomic structure such as diaphragm) being tracked as surrogate of breathing with the motion of structures and the intra-fraction and inter-fraction reproducibility of such correlation.
- To quantify the effects of radiation therapy on the patterns of respiratory-induced motion of structures through preclinical treatment simulation studies.
- To compare various strategies for either accounting for or mitigating respiration-induced motion in the planning and delivery of radiation therapy.
|Study Design:||Observational Model: Case-Only
Time Perspective: Prospective
|Official Title:||Assessing the Magnitude and Potential Impact of Respiration-Induced Three-Dimensional Motion of Tumors and Normal Tissues Using Four-Dimensional CT Technology|
- Indices of Respiration-induced Anatomic Structure Motion, Structure Volume + Structure Shape Changes [ Time Frame: 3 Years Data Collection: Up to 12 scanning sessions per patient from baseline to completion of radiotherapy (minimally 4 week treatment) ]
|Study Start Date:||November 2004|
|Primary Completion Date:||October 2012 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
|Respiratory Tumor + Normal Tissue Motion||
Procedure: Motion CT Scans
A total of up to 12 scanning sessions used to understand how the tumor and other organs move while breathing.
You will be taking part in this study while you receive radiotherapy treatment for your tumor.
You will be trained to breathe in a certain way that will help the study staff to perform motion CT scans. You may be asked to breathe normally, or hold your breath, or breathe while following a TV monitor. On the monitor, you will be viewing your breathing trace and using the trace to regulate your breathing as instructed by the health professionals.
While you are in the right position for the scan, the study staff will perform motion CT scans. A total of up to 12 scanning sessions will be held over your entire course of radiotherapy. The first scanning session may last from 45 to 90 minutes, but later sessions may be shorter. These CT scans are separate from the routine CT scans you may receive as part of regular radiation treatment planning.
Scans may be taken at various periods of time. The scans can be taken one right after another, or with a short separation between them. One scan can be taken on the first day, and the next scan on the next day, or up to a week later.
By looking at the scans, researchers can better understand how your tumor and other organs move from breath to breath, from day to day, and from week to week.
This is an investigational study. About 210 patients with the same tumor location as you will take part in this study. All will be enrolled at M. D. Anderson.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00415675
|United States, Texas|
|UT MD Anderson Cancer Center|
|Houston, Texas, United States, 77030|
|Principal Investigator:||James D. Cox, MD||M.D. Anderson Cancer Center|