A Randomized, Open-Label, Single-Dose, Small Study to Evaluate the Safety and Effectiveness of Hydromorphone in Patients With Short Term, Moderate to Severe Postoperative Pain

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00411307
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : December 14, 2006
Last Update Posted : April 27, 2010
Information provided by:
Alza Corporation, DE, USA

Brief Summary:
The purpose of this small study was to investigate the safety and effectiveness of OROS hydromorphone HCI for the treatment of short-term, moderate to severe postoperative pain following total knee replacement surgery.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Pain, Postoperative Orthopedic Procedures Analgesia Drug: OROS hydromorphone HCI Phase 2

Detailed Description:
This was a multicenter, randomized (patients are assigned different treatments based on chance), open-label, single dose small study. During the 36 hour study period, concomitant analgesic (pain) medications and physical therapy were recorded in the patient's case report form. The study duration for each patient was 36 hours after a single dose of OROS hydromorphone HCI had been administered. After surgery, eligible patients had to tolerate liquids, swallow a tablet, and have audible bowel sounds. Before OROS hydromorphone HCI was administered, all analgesic medications were discontinued and patients with a pain score of 2(moderate pain) or 3 (severe pain) upon movement were eligible to enter the study and receive a single oral dose of OROS hydromorphone HCI. Patients had to have stable heart rates, blood pressure, respiration, oxygen saturation greater than or equal to 94% and patients who had undergone regional anesthesia had to have motor and sensory recovery from nerve blockade. Qualifying patients were given OROS hydromorphone HCI between 6 and 48 hours after completion of the surgical procedure. Patients were randomized into 3 groups (OROS hydromorphone HCI 8, 16, and 32 mg). The precise time of OROS hydromorphone HCI administration was considered time zero. To maintain consistency, dosing was to occur between 6 am and 2 pm, if possible. Following study drug administration, patients could be given rescue medication of oral hydromorphone immediate-release tablets (2 or 4 mg) for breakthrough pain as needed. Oxygen saturation, vital signs, pain relief ratings, and pain intensity ratings at rest and upon movement were obtained at 2-hour time intervals during the first 8 hours following study drug administration, and at 4 hour intervals from 8 to 36 hours following study drug administration. The study concluded 36 hours after dosing, at which time a global evaluation of pain relief was obtained from each patient. One single dose of OROS hydromorphone HCI (8, 16, or 32 mg) administered orally at the beginning of the 36 hour study.

Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 50 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Randomized, Open-Label, Single-Dose, Pilot Study to Evaluate the Safety and Efficacy of OROS Hydromorphone in Patients With Acute, Moderate-to-Severe Postoperative Pain
Actual Study Completion Date : October 2001

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

U.S. FDA Resources

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Variables measured included: Total number of doses/amount of rescue medication hydromorphone (immediate release) taken for breakthrough pain during 36 hours post OROS hydromorphone (slow release) administration

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Variables measured included:Pain relief scores; Pain intensity scores;Patient's rating of sleep interference;global evaluation of analgesia; oxygen saturation; vital signs and adverse events

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Patients undergoing primary, unilateral total knee replacement surgery where use of opioid analgesics for short-term postoperative pain is required
  • At baseline must be able to tolerate oral liquids, swallow a tablet, and have the presence of bowel sounds upon examination
  • Patients must demonstrate stable vital signs immediately before dosing with OROS hydromorphone HCI
  • At baseline pain intensity upon movement must be scored by the patient as 2 or 3 (moderate or severe) on the Pain Intensity Rating Scale
  • At baseline patients receiving regional anesthetics/analgesics must demonstrate recovery from the motor and sensory effects of the nerve blockade
  • Patients must be administered OROS hydromorphone HCI between 6 and 48 hours following completion of surgery
  • Patients should expect to remain hospitalized for 36 hours after study drug administration.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Patients either intolerant of hydromorphone or who have experienced an anaphylactic IgE-mediated immune response (e.g. hives, wheezing, angioedema or bronchospasms) to any opioid agonist
  • Patients having previously undergone the following major surgery for high tibial osteotomy, knee arthroplasty to the affected knee
  • Patients with any gastrointestinal disorder, including pre-existing severe GI narrowing (pathologic or iatrogenic) that may affect the absorption or transit of orally administered drugs
  • Patients who are pregnant or breast-feeding. A negative pregnancy test is required prior to administration of the study medication in females of childbearing potential
  • Patients with significant CNS disorder, including but not limited to head injury, intracranial lesion, increased intracranial pressure, seizure disorder, stroke within the past 6 months, and disorders of cognition
  • Patients with clinically significant impaired renal, hepatic, or hematological function
  • adrenocortical insufficiency
  • uncontrolled hypothyroidism or hyperthyroidism, or clinically significant urinary obstruction

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00411307

Sponsors and Collaborators
Alza Corporation, DE, USA
Study Director: Alza Corporation Clinical Trial ALZA Identifier: NCT00411307     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: CR013267
First Posted: December 14, 2006    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: April 27, 2010
Last Verified: April 2010

Keywords provided by Alza Corporation, DE, USA:
Postoperative pain

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Pain, Postoperative
Neurologic Manifestations
Nervous System Diseases
Postoperative Complications
Pathologic Processes
Signs and Symptoms
Analgesics, Opioid
Central Nervous System Depressants
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Sensory System Agents
Peripheral Nervous System Agents