Study of VELCADE® With Mitoxantrone and Etoposide for Leukemias
|Relapsed Acute Leukemia Refractory Acute Leukemia||Drug: Bortezomib with mitoxantrone, etoposide and cytarabine||Phase 1 Phase 2|
|Study Design:||Intervention Model: Crossover Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Official Title:||Phase I/II Trial of VELCADE® (Bortezomib) in Combination With Mitoxantrone and Etoposide for Relapsed or Refractory Acute Leukemias|
- Complete Remission [ Time Frame: 30-90 days ]
- Partial Remission [ Time Frame: 30-90 days ]
|Study Start Date:||January 2006|
|Study Completion Date:||September 2013|
|Primary Completion Date:||May 2013 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
Bortezomib in combination with mitoxantrone, etoposide and cytarabine
Drug: Bortezomib with mitoxantrone, etoposide and cytarabine
All patients receive bortezomib in combination with mitoxantrone, etoposide and cytarabine. This is a 5 day chemotherapy regimen that is administered in the hospital.
Other Name: Velcade
VELCADE is a drug that blocks growth of cancer cells and helps destroy them. This research will help us to determine if VELCADE when combined with chemotherapy is useful in treating the leukemia with which you have been diagnosed. Your leukemia is a type that did not respond to chemotherapy or has come back after successful therapy.
VELCADE is approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for the treatment of multiple myeloma for patients that have received at least one prior therapy. Multiple Myeloma is a type of cancer that develops from blood cells. The dose of the drug being used in this research study is the same as what is used for the treatment of myeloma but the number of injections is less. VELCADE has, however not been approved by the FDA for use in acute leukemia. Mitoxantrone and etoposide, the other two chemotherapy drugs are also used for treating leukemia.
In the first part of the study, we are going to test the safety of VELCADE at different doses when given with mitoxantrone and etoposide. You may be enrolled at any one of three doses. In the second part, we are going to assess the response to the combination of VELCADE and chemotherapy drugs. You will receive VELCADE at the chosen dose based on safety assessment from Phase I. It will be administered as an intravenous (through the vein) injection on day-1 and day-4 of the 5-day schedule. In addition, you will also receive mitoxantrone over 15 minutes and etoposide over 45 minutes from days 1-5. The first 28 days from the beginning of the treatment will be called a treatment cycle.
On day-14 of the treatment cycle, you will have a bone marrow biopsy done to see if all the leukemia cells have disappeared. If there is no evidence of leukemia, then you may receive growth factors to help your marrow recover faster. If there is still presence of leukemia, in the same amount or more, then the treatment will be considered a failure and you will not receive any more of this treatment.
If there is a partial improvement then you will receive additional cycles of VELCADE with chemotherapy as described above until there are no signs of your disease. This is called a complete remission.
Therapy will be withheld at any time if there is concern that you are having side-effects that are not medically acceptable. Once the side-effects have resolved, VELCADE therapy may be re-started at a lower dose.
It is estimated that you may require about two to three cycles of therapy.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00410423
|United States, Pennsylvania|
|Thomas Jefferson University|
|Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States, 19107|
|Principal Investigator:||Joanne Filicko-O'Hara, MD||Thomas Jefferson University|