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Lithium Carbonate in Treating Patients With Acute Intestinal Graft-Versus-Host-Disease (GVHD) After Donor Stem Cell Transplant (GVHD)

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Paul Martin, Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00408681
First received: December 6, 2006
Last updated: January 24, 2017
Last verified: January 2017
  Purpose

RATIONALE: Lithium carbonate may be an effective treatment for intestinal graft-versus-host disease caused by a donor stem cell transplant.

PURPOSE: This clinical trial is studying lithium carbonate in treating patients with acute intestinal graft-versus-host-disease after donor stem cell transplant.


Condition Intervention
Accelerated Phase Chronic Myelogenous Leukemia
Adult Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia in Remission
Adult Acute Myeloid Leukemia in Remission
Adult Acute Myeloid Leukemia With 11q23 (MLL) Abnormalities
Adult Acute Myeloid Leukemia With Inv(16)(p13;q22)
Adult Acute Myeloid Leukemia With t(15;17)(q22;q12)
Adult Acute Myeloid Leukemia With t(16;16)(p13;q22)
Adult Acute Myeloid Leukemia With t(8;21)(q22;q22)
Atypical Chronic Myeloid Leukemia, Breakpoint Cluster Region-abl Translocation (BCR-ABL) Negative
Blastic Phase Chronic Myelogenous Leukemia
Childhood Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia in Remission
Childhood Acute Myeloid Leukemia in Remission
Childhood Chronic Myelogenous Leukemia
Childhood Myelodysplastic Syndromes
Chronic Eosinophilic Leukemia
Chronic Myelomonocytic Leukemia
Chronic Neutrophilic Leukemia
Chronic Phase Chronic Myelogenous Leukemia
de Novo Myelodysplastic Syndromes
Disseminated Neuroblastoma
Extranodal Marginal Zone B-cell Lymphoma of Mucosa-associated Lymphoid Tissue
Gastrointestinal Complications
Juvenile Myelomonocytic Leukemia
Myelodysplastic/Myeloproliferative Neoplasm, Unclassifiable
Nodal Marginal Zone B-cell Lymphoma
Noncontiguous Stage II Adult Burkitt Lymphoma
Noncontiguous Stage II Adult Diffuse Large Cell Lymphoma
Noncontiguous Stage II Adult Diffuse Mixed Cell Lymphoma
Noncontiguous Stage II Adult Diffuse Small Cleaved Cell Lymphoma
Noncontiguous Stage II Adult Immunoblastic Large Cell Lymphoma
Noncontiguous Stage II Adult Lymphoblastic Lymphoma
Noncontiguous Stage II Grade 1 Follicular Lymphoma
Noncontiguous Stage II Grade 2 Follicular Lymphoma
Noncontiguous Stage II Grade 3 Follicular Lymphoma
Noncontiguous Stage II Mantle Cell Lymphoma
Noncontiguous Stage II Marginal Zone Lymphoma
Noncontiguous Stage II Small Lymphocytic Lymphoma
Poor Prognosis Metastatic Gestational Trophoblastic Tumor
Previously Treated Childhood Rhabdomyosarcoma
Primary Myelofibrosis
Recurrent Adult Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia
Recurrent Adult Acute Myeloid Leukemia
Recurrent Adult Burkitt Lymphoma
Recurrent Adult Diffuse Large Cell Lymphoma
Recurrent Adult Diffuse Mixed Cell Lymphoma
Recurrent Adult Diffuse Small Cleaved Cell Lymphoma
Recurrent Adult Hodgkin Lymphoma
Recurrent Adult Immunoblastic Large Cell Lymphoma
Recurrent Adult Lymphoblastic Lymphoma
Recurrent Childhood Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia
Recurrent Childhood Acute Myeloid Leukemia
Recurrent Childhood Large Cell Lymphoma
Recurrent Childhood Lymphoblastic Lymphoma
Recurrent Childhood Rhabdomyosarcoma
Recurrent Childhood Small Noncleaved Cell Lymphoma
Recurrent Cutaneous T-cell Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma
Recurrent Grade 1 Follicular Lymphoma
Recurrent Grade 2 Follicular Lymphoma
Recurrent Grade 3 Follicular Lymphoma
Recurrent Malignant Testicular Germ Cell Tumor
Recurrent Mantle Cell Lymphoma
Recurrent Marginal Zone Lymphoma
Recurrent Mycosis Fungoides/Sezary Syndrome
Recurrent Neuroblastoma
Recurrent Ovarian Epithelial Cancer
Recurrent Ovarian Germ Cell Tumor
Recurrent Small Lymphocytic Lymphoma
Recurrent Wilms Tumor and Other Childhood Kidney Tumors
Recurrent/Refractory Childhood Hodgkin Lymphoma
Refractory Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia
Refractory Hairy Cell Leukemia
Relapsing Chronic Myelogenous Leukemia
Secondary Acute Myeloid Leukemia
Secondary Myelodysplastic Syndromes
Splenic Marginal Zone Lymphoma
Stage I Multiple Myeloma
Stage II Multiple Myeloma
Stage II Ovarian Epithelial Cancer
Stage III Adult Burkitt Lymphoma
Stage III Adult Diffuse Large Cell Lymphoma
Stage III Adult Diffuse Mixed Cell Lymphoma
Stage III Adult Diffuse Small Cleaved Cell Lymphoma
Stage III Adult Hodgkin Lymphoma
Stage III Adult Immunoblastic Large Cell Lymphoma
Stage III Adult Lymphoblastic Lymphoma
Stage III Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia
Stage III Grade 1 Follicular Lymphoma
Stage III Grade 2 Follicular Lymphoma
Stage III Grade 3 Follicular Lymphoma
Stage III Malignant Testicular Germ Cell Tumor
Stage III Mantle Cell Lymphoma
Stage III Marginal Zone Lymphoma
Stage III Multiple Myeloma
Stage III Ovarian Epithelial Cancer
Stage III Small Lymphocytic Lymphoma
Stage IIIA Breast Cancer
Stage IIIB Breast Cancer
Stage IIIC Breast Cancer
Stage IV Adult Burkitt Lymphoma
Stage IV Adult Diffuse Large Cell Lymphoma
Stage IV Adult Diffuse Mixed Cell Lymphoma
Stage IV Adult Diffuse Small Cleaved Cell Lymphoma
Stage IV Adult Hodgkin Lymphoma
Stage IV Adult Immunoblastic Large Cell Lymphoma
Stage IV Adult Lymphoblastic Lymphoma
Stage IV Breast Cancer
Stage IV Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia
Stage IV Grade 1 Follicular Lymphoma
Stage IV Grade 2 Follicular Lymphoma
Stage IV Grade 3 Follicular Lymphoma
Stage IV Mantle Cell Lymphoma
Stage IV Marginal Zone Lymphoma
Stage IV Ovarian Epithelial Cancer
Stage IV Small Lymphocytic Lymphoma
Drug: lithium carbonate
Other: laboratory biomarker analysis

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: No masking
Primary Purpose: Supportive Care
Official Title: A Pilot Study to Evaluate the Potential Efficacy of Lithium Carbonate for Stimulation of Intestinal Recovery In Patients With Acute Graft-versus-host Disease (GVHD)

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Functional Recovery [ Time Frame: at 28 days after starting treatment with the study product ]
    Functional recovery was defined as partial or complete resolution of gastrointestinal manifestations of acute graft-versus-host disease. Gastrointestinal manifestations of acute graft-versus-host disease include anorexia, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, abdominal pain and bleeding. Complete response (CR) of intestinal GVHD was defined as the absence of any symptoms referable to intestinal GVHD. Partial response (PR) was defined as clearing of abdominal pain (or withdrawal of opioid analgesic requirements in patients treated for abdominal pain) and of grossly visible bleeding if present, and resolution of diarrhea or decrease in the three day average stool volume by ≥ 500 mL in patients with stool volumes of ≥ 500 mL. Progression of GVHD was defined as an increase in the three day average stool volume by > 500 mL, or the development of new abdominal pain (or new opioid analgesic requirements) or new intestinal bleeding.


Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Duration of Treatment With the Study Product [ Time Frame: Up to 6 months ]
    Number of days from beginning of orally administered lithium carbonate to the end of orally administered lithium carbonate

  • Mucosal Anatomic Recovery [ Time Frame: 2 to 3 weeks after starting treatment with the study product ]
    Endoscopic evaluation of improvement. Categories include 1) no improvement, 2) regenerative changes, 3) limited improvement, 4) partial improvement and 5) complete response. Endoscopic manifestations of acute graft-versus-host disease include edema, erythema, mucosal ulceration and denudation. Complete mucosal recovery was defined as the appearance of intact mucosa with at least 98% of the luminal surface covered by epithelium. Partial response was defined as the appearance of mostly intact mucosa with at least 80% improvement or less than 10% denuded. Limited response was retrospectively designated to describe visible improvement that was less than partial response. Regenerative change was retrospectively designated to describe early reappearance of mucosal integrity in a previously denuded area but not sufficient to meet criteria for partial response. Failure to respond was defined as failure to meet partial response criteria.

  • Mucosal Anatomic Recovery [ Time Frame: 4 weeks after starting treatment with the study product ]
    Endoscopic evaluation of improvement. Categories include 1) no improvement, 2) regenerative changes, 3) limited improvement, 4) partial improvement and 5) complete response. Endoscopic manifestations of acute graft-versus-host disease include edema, erythema, mucosal ulceration and denudation. Complete mucosal recovery was defined as the appearance of intact mucosa with at least 98% of the luminal surface covered by epithelium. Partial response was defined as the appearance of mostly intact mucosa with at least 80% improvement or less than 10% denuded. Limited response was retrospectively designated to describe visible improvement that was less than partial response. Regenerative change was retrospectively designated to describe early reappearance of mucosal integrity in a previously denuded area but not sufficient to meet criteria for partial response. Failure to respond was defined as failure to meet partial response criteria.

  • Mucosal Anatomic Recovery [ Time Frame: 5 weeks after starting treatment with the study product ]
    Endoscopic evaluation of improvement. Categories include 1) no improvement, 2) regenerative changes, 3) limited improvement, 4) partial improvement and 5) complete response. Endoscopic manifestations of acute graft-versus-host disease include edema, erythema, mucosal ulceration and denudation. Complete mucosal recovery was defined as the appearance of intact mucosa with at least 98% of the luminal surface covered by epithelium. Partial response was defined as the appearance of mostly intact mucosa with at least 80% improvement or less than 10% denuded. Limited response was retrospectively designated to describe visible improvement that was less than partial response. Regenerative change was retrospectively designated to describe early reappearance of mucosal integrity in a previously denuded area but not sufficient to meet criteria for partial response. Failure to respond was defined as failure to meet partial response criteria.

  • Mucosal Anatomic Recovery [ Time Frame: 6 to 7 weeks after starting treatment with the study product ]
    Endoscopic evaluation of improvement. Categories include 1) no improvement, 2) regenerative changes, 3) limited improvement, 4) partial improvement and 5) complete response. Endoscopic manifestations of acute graft-versus-host disease include edema, erythema, mucosal ulceration and denudation. Complete mucosal recovery was defined as the appearance of intact mucosa with at least 98% of the luminal surface covered by epithelium. Partial response was defined as the appearance of mostly intact mucosa with at least 80% improvement or less than 10% denuded. Limited response was retrospectively designated to describe visible improvement that was less than partial response. Regenerative change was retrospectively designated to describe early reappearance of mucosal integrity in a previously denuded area but not sufficient to meet criteria for partial response. Failure to respond was defined as failure to meet partial response criteria.

  • Mucosal Anatomic Recovery [ Time Frame: 9 to 11 weeks after starting treatment with the study product ]
    Endoscopic evaluation of improvement. Categories include 1) no improvement, 2) regenerative changes, 3) limited improvement, 4) partial improvement and 5) complete response. Endoscopic manifestations of acute graft-versus-host disease include edema, erythema, mucosal ulceration and denudation. Complete mucosal recovery was defined as the appearance of intact mucosa with at least 98% of the luminal surface covered by epithelium. Partial response was defined as the appearance of mostly intact mucosa with at least 80% improvement or less than 10% denuded. Limited response was retrospectively designated to describe visible improvement that was less than partial response. Regenerative change was retrospectively designated to describe early reappearance of mucosal integrity in a previously denuded area but not sufficient to meet criteria for partial response. Failure to respond was defined as failure to meet partial response criteria.

  • Recurrent or Progressive Malignancy [ Time Frame: 2 years after enrollment ]
    Recurrence or progression of the malignant disease that was the reason for hematopoietic cell transplantation

  • Non-relapse Mortality [ Time Frame: 2 years after enrollment ]
    Death without prior recurrent or progressive malignancy after transplantation.

  • Survival [ Time Frame: 6 months after enrollment ]
    Patients who were alive at the specified time after enrollment

  • Survival [ Time Frame: 1 year after enrollment ]
    Patients who were alive at the specified time point

  • Survival [ Time Frame: 2 years after enrollment ]
    Patients who were alive at the specified time point

  • Causes of Death [ Time Frame: up to 6 years after enrollment ]
    Medical condition that made the greatest contribution in causing death


Other Outcome Measures:
  • Agents Added to Treat GVHD More Than 3 Days After Enrollment [ Time Frame: Up to 100 days after enrollment ]
    Any systemic medication given in an effort to control graft-versus-host disease


Enrollment: 20
Study Start Date: June 2006
Study Completion Date: May 1, 2015
Primary Completion Date: November 2010 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Arm I
Patients receive oral lithium carbonate once or twice daily. Treatment continues for up to 8 weeks in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
Drug: lithium carbonate
Given orally
Other Names:
  • Eskalith
  • Lithane
  • Lithium
  • Lithobid
  • Lithonate
  • Lithotabs
Other: laboratory biomarker analysis
Correlative studies

Detailed Description:

PRIMARY OBJECTIVES:

I. To evaluate the effects of lithium on functional and mucosal anatomic recovery in the small or large bowel of patients with acute GVHD.

II. Functional recovery will be evaluated according to changes in clinical manifestations of gastrointestinal GVHD. III. Mucosal anatomic recovery will be evaluated by review of results from clinically indicated endoscopic evaluations.

SECONDARY OBJECTIVES:

I. To assess the tolerability of lithium administration in allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplant recipients.

OUTLINE: Patients receive oral lithium carbonate once or twice daily. Treatment continues for up to 8 weeks in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 75 Years   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Patient with a diagnosis of severe intestinal GVHD that is not improving at any time after initial treatment with glucocorticoids for at least 7 days are eligible for enrollment; measures indicating severity of GVHD will include: a) persistent diarrhea with average daily stool volumes > 500 mL per day; or b) persistent hemorrhage that is detectable by visual inspection of the stool
  • Patients with denuded mucosa caused by GVHD are eligible for enrollment, regardless of prior treatment for acute GVHD; denuded mucosa is defined as loss (i.e., erosion or sloughing) of the epithelium in: a) at least one-third of the surface area in a 30 cm colonic segment (i.e., rectosigmoid, descending or transverse colon); or b) at least one fifth of the surface area of the second portion of the duodenum, as estimated by endoscopic evaluation; denuded mucosa must be documented by images of the duodenum and colon and by histologic evaluation of the colon
  • All subjects must provide written informed consent with the use of forms approved by the Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center (FHCRC) Institutional Review Board (IRB)

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Significant renal dysfunction (estimated creatinine clearance < 30 mL/min)
  • Persistent or recurrent malignancy
  • Secondary malignancy
  • Patients who had autologous or syngeneic marrow transplantation
  • Presence of any cause of intestinal symptoms or ulceration other than GVHD
  • Patients with any psychological, familial, sociological or geographical condition potentially hampering compliance with the study protocol will be excluded
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00408681

Locations
United States, Washington
Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center/University of Washington Cancer Consortium
Seattle, Washington, United States, 98109
Sponsors and Collaborators
Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Paul Martin Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center/University of Washington Cancer Consortium
  More Information

Responsible Party: Paul Martin, Principal Investigator, Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00408681     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 2080.00
NCI-2010-00269
Study First Received: December 6, 2006
Results First Received: November 23, 2016
Last Updated: January 24, 2017

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Lymphoma
Syndrome
Leukemia
Breast Neoplasms
Neoplasms
Leukemia, Myeloid
Multiple Myeloma
Neoplasms, Plasma Cell
Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute
Lymphoma, Follicular
Leukemia, Lymphocytic, Chronic, B-Cell
Neoplasm Metastasis
Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma
Leukemia, Lymphoid
Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin
Myelodysplastic Syndromes
Preleukemia
Hodgkin Disease
Lymphoma, B-Cell
Lymphoma, Mantle-Cell
Leukemia, Myelogenous, Chronic, BCR-ABL Positive
Lymphoma, B-Cell, Marginal Zone
Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse
Burkitt Lymphoma
Neuroblastoma
Lymphoma, Large-Cell, Immunoblastic
Plasmablastic Lymphoma
Neoplasms, Germ Cell and Embryonal
Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial
Ovarian Neoplasms

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on April 26, 2017