Randomized Phase III Trial of Adjuvant Chemotherapy or Chemoradiotherapy in Resectable Gastric Cancer (CRITICS)
Recruitment status was: Recruiting
|Study Design:||Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Official Title:||A Multicenter Randomized Phase III Trial of Neo-adjuvant Chemotherapy Followed by Surgery and Chemotherapy or by Surgery and Chemoradiotherapy in Resectable Gastric Cancer (CRITICS Study)|
- overall survival [ Time Frame: study duration ]
- disease-free survival [ Time Frame: study duration ]
- toxicity [ Time Frame: study duration ]
- health-related quality of life [ Time Frame: study duration ]
|Study Start Date:||December 2006|
|Estimated Study Completion Date:||December 2013|
|Estimated Primary Completion Date:||June 2013 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
5 weeksadjuvant treatment; radiotherapy and concomitant chemotherapy with cisplatin and capecitabine.
cisplatin 20 mg/m2 (i.v., q 1 w, 5 weeks), capecitabine 575 mg/m2 (b.i.d., oral, on radiotherapy days.Radiation: radiotherapy
45 Gy in 25 fracions (5 days/week)
Active Comparator: 2chemotherapy
3 adjuvant courses epirubicin, cisplatin, capecitabine.
3 courses q 3 w: epirubicin 50 mg/m2 (i.v., day 1), cisplatin 60 mg/m2 (i.v., day 1), capecitabine 1000 mg/m2 (b.i.d., oral, day 1-14)
The mainstay of curative treatment of gastric cancer is radical surgical dissection. Because most patients in the Western world present with advanced stages long term survival is found in about 25%, with local recurrences as part of treatment failure in up to 80% of cases. Studies examining the role of more extended lymph node dissections (D1 vs. D2), adjuvant radiotherapy or adjuvant chemotherapy did not result in a clinical relevant improvement of survival. In 2001 results of a South West Oncology group (SWOG) trial that randomized between surgery and surgery with chemoradiotherapy were published. This trial, that was hampered by suboptimal surgery (less than D1 in majority of patients) and radiotherapy (2D radiotherapy; 35% protocol deviations) showed an absolute increase in median survival of 9 months. More recently results of the MAGIC study, which randomized between surgery and surgery plus 6 perioperative courses of ECF chemotherapy, were presented. This regimen resulted in an absolute 5-year survival benefit of 13% and in a 10% higher resectability rate.
This phase III prospectively randomized study investigates whether chemoradiotherapy (45 Gy in 5 weeks with daily cisplatin and capecitabine) after preoperative chemotherapy (3x ECC (epirubicin, cisplatin, capecitabine)) and adequate (D1+) surgery leads to improved survival in comparison with postoperative chemotherapy (3x ECC). Furthermore, toxicity of both treatment regimens will be explored.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00407186
|Nederlands Kanker Instituut/Antoni van Leeuwenhoek Ziekenhuis|
|Amsterdam, Netherlands, 1066 CX|
|Principal Investigator:||Marcel Verheij, MD PhD||Nederlands Kanker Insituut/Antoni van Leeuwenhoek Ziekenhuis|