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Dyskinesia in Parkinson's Disease (Study P04501)

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Merck Sharp & Dohme Corp.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00406029
First received: November 30, 2006
Last updated: December 15, 2016
Last verified: December 2016
  Purpose

The purpose of the study is to assess the efficacy and safety of a range of doses of SCH 420814 (preladenant) when used together with a stable dose of L-dopa/dopa decarboxylase inhibitor to treat Parkinson's disease. In this study, we will be comparing 3 doses (1 mg, 2 mg, and 5 mg taken twice a day) of preladenant with placebo (sugar pill). Following an Interim Analysis (temporary hold for new enrollment-ongoing subjects will continue on treatment) to review drug safety, a new dose group of 10 mg (taken twice a day) may be added.

Approximately 160 participants will be randomized in this study in approximately 22 study centers worldwide for the first part of this study. Following the Interim Analysis, 40 new participants may be added, for a total of 200 participants. The study is double blind, which means neither you nor your study doctor will know whether you are receiving the study medication or placebo.


Condition Intervention Phase
Parkinson Disease
Movement Disorders
Central Nervous System Diseases
Neurodegenerative Diseases
Brain Diseases
Drug: Preladenant
Drug: Placebo
Drug: L-dopa
Drug: Other Parkinson's Disease treatments
Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double Blind (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase 2, 12-Week, Double-Blind, Dose-Finding, Placebo-Controlled Study to Assess the Efficacy and Safety of a Range of SCH 420814 Doses in Subjects With Moderate to Severe Parkinson's Disease Experiencing Motor Fluctuations and Dyskinesias

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Merck Sharp & Dohme Corp.:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Change From Baseline to Endpoint of 12 Weeks in the 3-day Average of Awake Time Per Day Spent in the "Off" State [ Time Frame: Baseline (Week -1) and up to 12 weeks ]
    "Off" time refers to periods of inadequate control of Parkinson disease symptoms (worsening or presence of symptoms). For baseline and the 12 weeks treatment period, hours spent in the "off" state during awake time were recorded in half-hour time intervals using a daily diary at least 3 full days before scheduled visits. For baseline, the 24-hour average over 3 consecutive days was derived for Week -1. For endpoint, the 24-hour average was derived for the last available 3 consecutive days with postbaseline data available during the treatment period. Change from baseline in least squares (LS) means and pooled standard deviation (SD) were obtained from an analysis of covariance (ANCOVA) model with effect for treatment and baseline covariate. A negative change from baseline signifies less time spent in the "off" state.


Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Change From Baseline in Awake Time Per Day Spent in the "Off" State at Each Visit [ Time Frame: Baseline (Week -1) and Weeks 2, 4, 6, 8, 10, 12 ]
    "Off" time refers to periods of inadequate control of Parkinson disease symptoms (worsening or presence of symptoms). Hours spent in the "off" state during awake time were recorded in half-hour time intervals using a daily diary at least 3 full days before scheduled visits. For baseline, the 24-hour average over 3 consecutive days was derived for Week -1. For treatment period visits, the 24-hour average was derived for the final 3 consecutive days with data available for the particular visit. Change from baseline in LS means and pooled SD were obtained from an ANCOVA model with treatment effect and baseline covariate. A negative change from baseline signifies less time spent in the "off" state.

  • Change From Baseline in Awake Time Per Day Spent in the "on" State [ Time Frame: Baseline (Week -1) and Weeks 2, 4, 6, 8, 10, 12 ]
    "On" time refers to periods of adequate control of Parkinson disease symptoms (symptoms better or absent). Hours spent in the "on" state during awake time were recorded in half-hour time intervals using a daily diary at least 3 full days before scheduled visits. For baseline, the 24-hour average over 3 consecutive days was derived for Week -1. For endpoint, the 24-hour average was derived for the last available 3 consecutive days with postbaseline data available during the treatment period. For treatment period visits, the 24-hour average was derived for the final 3 consecutive days with data available for the particular visit. Change from baseline in LS means and pooled SD were obtained from an ANCOVA model with effect for treatment and baseline covariate. A positive (+) change from baseline signifies more time spent in the "on" state.

  • Change From Baseline in Awake Time Per Day Spent in the "on" State (no Dyskinesias) [ Time Frame: Baseline (Week -1) and Weeks 2, 4, 6, 8, 10, 12 ]
    "On" time refers to periods of adequate control of Parkinson disease symptoms (better/absent). Dyskinesias refers to maintenance therapy (e.g., L-dopa) side effects of chorea, dystonia, or in combination. Hours spent in the "on" state with no dyskinesias during awake time were recorded in half-hour time intervals using a daily diary at least 3 full days before scheduled visits. For baseline, the 24-hour average over 3 consecutive days was derived for Week -1. For endpoint, the 24-hour average was derived for the last available 3 consecutive days with postbaseline data available during the treatment period. For treatment period visits, the 24-hour average was derived for the final 3 consecutive days with data available for the particular visit. Change from baseline in LS means & pooled SD were obtained from an ANCOVA model with effect for treatment & baseline covariate. A (+) change from baseline signifies more time spent in the "on" state (no dyskinesias).

  • Change From Baseline in Awake Time Per Day Spent in the "on" State (With Troublesome Dyskinesias) [ Time Frame: Baseline (Week -1) and Weeks 2, 4, 6, 8, 10, 12 ]
    "On" time refers to periods of adequate control of Parkinson disease symptoms (better/absent). Troublesome dyskinesias refers to maintenance therapy side effects of chorea, dystonia, or in combination that impair function. Hours spent in the "on" state with troublesome dyskinesias during awake time were recorded in half-hour time intervals using a daily diary at least 3 full days before scheduled visits. For baseline, the 24-hour average over 3 consecutive days was derived for Week -1. For endpoint, the 24-hour average was derived for the last available 3 consecutive days with postbaseline data available during the treatment period. For treatment period visits, the 24-hour average was derived for the final 3 consecutive days with data available for the particular visit. Change from baseline in LS means & pooled SD were obtained using ANCOVA with treatment effect & baseline covariate. A (+) change from baseline signifies more time spent in the "on" state (troublesome dyskinesias).

  • Change From Baseline in Awake Time Per Day Spent in the "on" State (Without Troublesome Dyskinesias) [ Time Frame: Baseline (Week -1) and Weeks 2, 4, 6, 8, 10, 12 ]
    "On" time refers to periods of adequate control of Parkinson disease symptoms (better/absent). Troublesome dyskinesias refers to maint. therapy side effects of chorea, dystonia, or in combination that impair function. Hours spent in the "on" state without troubles. dyskinesias during awake time were recorded in half-hour time intervals using a daily diary at least 3 full days before scheduled visits. For baseline, the 24-hour average over 3 consecutive days was derived for Week -1. For endpoint, the 24-hour average was derived for the last available 3 consecutive days with postbaseline data available during the treatment period. For treatment period visits, the 24-hour average was derived for the final 3 consecutive days with data available for the particular visit. Change from baseline in LS means & pooled SD were obtained using ANCOVA with treatment effect & baseline covariate. A (+) change from baseline signifies more time spent in the "on" state (without troubles. dyskinesias).

  • Change From Baseline in Absolute Duration of Dyskinesias [ Time Frame: Baseline (Week -1) and Weeks 2, 4, 6, 8, 10, 12 ]
    Dyskinesias refers to maintenance therapy side effects of chorea, dystonia, or in combination (that occur in the ON time). Hours spent with dyskinesias (troublesome and not troublesome) were recorded in half-hour time intervals using a daily diary at least 3 full days before scheduled visits. For baseline, the 24-hour average over 3 consecutive days was derived for Week -1. For endpoint, the 24-hour average was derived for the last available 3 consecutive days with postbaseline data available during the treatment period. For treatment period visits, the 24-hour average was derived for the final 3 consecutive days with data available for the particular visit. Change from baseline in LS means & pooled SD were obtained using ANCOVA with treatment effect & baseline covariate. A negative change from baseline signifies less time spent with dyskinesia.

  • Change From Baseline in Total Sleep Time [ Time Frame: Baseline (Week -1) and Weeks 2, 4, 6, 8, 10, 12 ]
    Hours spent in the sleep state were recorded using a daily diary at least 3 full days before scheduled visit. For baseline, the 24-hour average over 3 consecutive days was derived for Week -1. For endpoint, the 24-hour average was derived for the last available 3 consecutive days with postbaseline data available during the treatment period. For treatment period visits, the 24-hour average was derived for the final 3 consecutive days with data available for the particular visit. Change from baseline in LS means & pooled SD were obtained using ANCOVA with treatment effect & baseline covariate. A positive change from baseline means more time asleep and a negative change means less time asleep.

  • Change From Baseline in Frequency of Sleep Attacks at Week 2 [ Time Frame: Baseline (predose Day 1) and 2 hours postdose at Week 2 ]
    Sleep attacks are uncontrollable episodes of sleep that occur during the daytime lasting a few seconds to several minutes. A questionnaire to determine sleep attacks over the prior 2 week period was administered at baseline and at 2-week intervals during the treatment period. Frequency of sleep attacks over the two-week treatment period intervals were tabulated in relation to the baseline assessment. Results are presented as participants showing the respective change in frequency of sleep attacks at baseline to the week of assessment (Week 2) (as reported by the participant). For example, someone who had >2 sleep attacks at BL who had a decrease of 1-2 by Week 2 would be reported as BL >2 to WK2 1-2. BL = baseline. WK = week.

  • Change From Baseline in Frequency of Sleep Attacks at Week 4 [ Time Frame: Baseline (predose Day 1) and 2 hours postdose at Week 4 ]
    Sleep attacks are uncontrollable episodes of sleep that occur during the daytime lasting a few seconds to several minutes. A questionnaire to determine sleep attacks over the prior 2 week period was administered at baseline and at 2-week intervals during the treatment period. Frequency of sleep attacks over the two-week treatment period intervals were tabulated in relation to the baseline assessment. Results are presented as participants showing the respective change in frequency of sleep attacks at baseline to the week of assessment (Week 4) (as reported by the participant). For example, someone who had >2 sleep attacks at BL who had a decrease of 1-2 by Week 4 would be reported as BL >2 to WK4 1-2. BL = baseline. WK = week.

  • Change From Baseline in Frequency of Sleep Attacks at Week 6 [ Time Frame: Baseline (predose Day 1) and 2 hours postdose at Week 6 ]
    Sleep attacks are uncontrollable episodes of sleep that occur during the daytime lasting a few seconds to several minutes. A questionnaire to determine sleep attacks over the prior 2 week period was administered at baseline and at 2-week intervals during the treatment period. Frequency of sleep attacks over the two-week treatment period intervals were tabulated in relation to the baseline assessment. Results are presented as participants showing the respective change in frequency of sleep attacks at baseline to the week of assessment (Week 6) (as reported by the participant). For example, someone who had >2 sleep attacks at BL who had a decrease of 1-2 by Week 6 would be reported as BL >2 to WK6 1-2. BL = baseline. WK = week.

  • Change From Baseline in Frequency of Sleep Attacks at Week 8 [ Time Frame: Baseline (predose Day 1) and 2 hours postdose at Week 8 ]
    Sleep attacks are uncontrollable episodes of sleep that occur during the daytime lasting a few seconds to several minutes. A questionnaire to determine sleep attacks over the prior 2 week period was administered at baseline and at 2-week intervals during the treatment period. Frequency of sleep attacks over the two-week treatment period intervals were tabulated in relation to the baseline assessment. Results are presented as participants showing the respective change in frequency of sleep attacks at baseline to the week of assessment (Week 8) (as reported by the participant). For example, someone who had >2 sleep attacks at BL who had a decrease of 1-2 by Week 8 would be reported as BL >2 to WK8 1-2. BL = baseline. WK = week.

  • Change From Baseline in Frequency of Sleep Attacks at Week 10 [ Time Frame: Baseline (predose Day 1) and 2 hours postdose at Week 10 ]
    Sleep attacks are uncontrollable episodes of sleep that occur during the daytime lasting a few seconds to several minutes. A questionnaire to determine sleep attacks over the prior 2 week period was administered at baseline and at 2-week intervals during the treatment period. Frequency of sleep attacks over the two-week treatment period intervals were tabulated in relation to the baseline assessment. Results are presented as participants showing the respective change in frequency of sleep attacks at baseline to the week of assessment (Week 10) (as reported by the participant). For example, someone who had >2 sleep attacks at BL who had a decrease of 1-2 by Week 10 would be reported as BL >2 to WK10 1-2. BL = baseline. WK = week.

  • Change From Baseline in Frequency of Sleep Attacks at Week 12 [ Time Frame: Baseline (predose Day 1) and 2 hours postdose at Week 12 ]
    Sleep attacks are uncontrollable episodes of sleep that occur during the daytime lasting a few seconds to several minutes. A questionnaire to determine sleep attacks over the prior 2 week period was administered at baseline and at 2-week intervals during the treatment period. Frequency of sleep attacks over the two-week treatment period intervals were tabulated in relation to the baseline assessment. Results are presented as participants showing the respective change in frequency of sleep attacks at baseline to the week of assessment (Week 12) (as reported by the participant). For example, someone who had >2 sleep attacks at BL who had a decrease of 1-2 by Week 12 would be reported as BL >2 to WK12 1-2. BL = baseline. WK = week.

  • Change From Baseline in Unified Parkinson's Disease Rating Scale (UPDRS) Part 1 [ Time Frame: Baseline (predose Day 1) and 2 hours postdose at Weeks 2, 4, 6, 8, 10, 12 ]
    The UPDRS is a frequently used multi-item 4-part questionnaire designed to assess various aspects of Parkinson's disease severity. A total of 42 items are assessed divided across Parts 1 to 4. Part 1 assesses mentation (4 items scored from 0 [best] to 4 [worst]; total range 0-16). Assessments were obtained at baseline (predose Day 1) and 2 hours postdose at Weeks 2, 4, 6, 8, 10, and 12. For endpoint, the last postbaseline visit while on study medication was used. Change from baseline in LS means and pooled SD were obtained from an ANCOVA model with effect for treatment and baseline covariate. Negative change from baseline indicates a decrease in severity.

  • Change From Baseline in UPDRS Part 2 [ Time Frame: Baseline (predose Day 1) and 2 hours postdose at Weeks 2, 4, 6, 8, 10, 12 ]
    The UPDRS is a frequently used multi-item 4-part questionnaire designed to assess various aspects of Parkinson's disease severity. A total of 42 items are assessed divided across Parts 1 to 4. Part 2 assesses daily living (13 items scored from 0 [best] to 4 [worst]; total range 0-52). Assessments were obtained at baseline (predose Day 1) and 2 hours postdose at Weeks 2, 4, 6, 8, 10, and 12. For endpoint, the last postbaseline visit while on study medication was used. Change from baseline in LS means and pooled SD were obtained from an ANCOVA model with effect for treatment and baseline covariate. Negative change from baseline indicates a decrease in severity.

  • Change From Baseline in UPDRS Part 3 (1 Hour Post-dose) [ Time Frame: Baseline (predose Day 1) and 1 hour postdose at Weeks 2, 4, 6, 8, 10, 12 ]
    The UPDRS is a frequently used multi-item 4-part questionnaire designed to assess various aspects of Parkinson's disease severity. A total of 42 items are assessed divided across Parts 1 to 4. The Part 3 subscale assesses motor function across 14 categories for 27 items. Scores for each item range from 0 (best) to 4 (worst) with a total range of 0-108. Assessments were obtained at baseline (predose Day 1) and 1 hour postdose at Weeks 2, 4, 6, 8, 10, and 12. For endpoint, the last postbaseline visit while on study medication was used. Change from baseline in LS means and pooled SD were obtained from an ANCOVA model with effect for treatment and baseline covariate. Negative change from baseline indicates a decrease in severity.

  • Change From Baseline in UPDRS Part 3 (2 Hours Post-dose) [ Time Frame: Baseline (predose Day 1) and 2 hours postdose at Weeks 2, 4, 6, 8, 10, 12 ]
    The UPDRS is a frequently used multi-item 4-part questionnaire designed to assess various aspects of Parkinson's disease severity. A total of 42 items are assessed divided across Parts 1 to 4. The Part 3 subscale assesses motor function across 14 categories for 27 items. Scores for each item range from 0 (best) to 4 (worst) with a total range of 0-108. Assessments were obtained at baseline (predose Day 1) and 2 hours postdose at Weeks 2, 4, 6, 8, 10, and 12. For endpoint, the last postbaseline visit while on study medication was used. Change from baseline in LS means and pooled standard deviation were obtained from an ANCOVA model with effect for treatment and baseline covariate. Negative change from baseline indicates a decrease in severity.

  • Change From Baseline in UPDRS Part 4 [ Time Frame: Baseline (predose Day 1) and 2 hours postdose at Weeks 2, 4, 6, 8, 10, 12 ]
    The UPDRS is a frequently used multi-item 4-part questionnaire designed to assess various aspects of Parkinson's disease severity. A total of 42 items are assessed divided across Parts 1 to 4. The Part 4 subscale assesses complications of therapy over the past week for a total of eleven question items. The first three questions and question 8 are rated from 0 (best) to 4 (worst), and the remaining seven questions are simple no (0) / yes (1) questions. The total subscale score ranges from 0 to 23. Assessments were obtained at baseline (predose Day 1) and 2 hours postdose at Weeks 2, 4, 6, 8, 10, and 12. For endpoint, the last postbaseline visit while on study medication was used. Change from baseline in LS means and pooled SD were obtained from an ANCOVA model with effect for treatment and baseline covariate. Negative change from baseline indicates a decrease in severity.


Enrollment: 253
Study Start Date: November 2006
Study Completion Date: November 2008
Primary Completion Date: October 2008 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Preladenant 1 mg BID
Participants received preladenant 1 mg twice daily (BID) during the 12-week treatment period.
Drug: Preladenant
1 mg BID capsules
Other Name: SCH 420814
Drug: L-dopa
Participants must receive L-dopa as part of their usual ongoing treatment for Parkinson's Disease. L-dopa is often administered concomitantly with a dopa decarboxylase inhibitor (e.g., carbidopa).
Drug: Other Parkinson's Disease treatments
Participants may also receive other drugs as part of their usual ongoing treatment for Parkinson's Disease, such as dopamine agonists (e.g., pramipexole) and/or the catechol-O-methyl transferase (COMT) inhibitor entacapone.
Experimental: Preladenant 2 mg BID
Participants received preladenant 2 mg BID during the 12-week treatment period.
Drug: Preladenant
2 mg BID capsules
Other Name: SCH 420814
Drug: L-dopa
Participants must receive L-dopa as part of their usual ongoing treatment for Parkinson's Disease. L-dopa is often administered concomitantly with a dopa decarboxylase inhibitor (e.g., carbidopa).
Drug: Other Parkinson's Disease treatments
Participants may also receive other drugs as part of their usual ongoing treatment for Parkinson's Disease, such as dopamine agonists (e.g., pramipexole) and/or the catechol-O-methyl transferase (COMT) inhibitor entacapone.
Experimental: Preladenant 5 mg BID
Participants received preladenant 5 mg BID during the 12-week treatment period.
Drug: Preladenant
5 mg BID capsules
Other Name: SCH 420814
Drug: L-dopa
Participants must receive L-dopa as part of their usual ongoing treatment for Parkinson's Disease. L-dopa is often administered concomitantly with a dopa decarboxylase inhibitor (e.g., carbidopa).
Drug: Other Parkinson's Disease treatments
Participants may also receive other drugs as part of their usual ongoing treatment for Parkinson's Disease, such as dopamine agonists (e.g., pramipexole) and/or the catechol-O-methyl transferase (COMT) inhibitor entacapone.
Experimental: Preladenant 10 mg BID
Participants received preladenant 10 mg BID during the 12-week treatment period.
Drug: Preladenant
10 mg BID capsules
Other Name: SCH 420814
Drug: L-dopa
Participants must receive L-dopa as part of their usual ongoing treatment for Parkinson's Disease. L-dopa is often administered concomitantly with a dopa decarboxylase inhibitor (e.g., carbidopa).
Drug: Other Parkinson's Disease treatments
Participants may also receive other drugs as part of their usual ongoing treatment for Parkinson's Disease, such as dopamine agonists (e.g., pramipexole) and/or the catechol-O-methyl transferase (COMT) inhibitor entacapone.
Placebo Comparator: Placebo BID
Participants received preladenant matching placebo BID during the 12-week treatment period.
Drug: Placebo
BID capsules
Drug: L-dopa
Participants must receive L-dopa as part of their usual ongoing treatment for Parkinson's Disease. L-dopa is often administered concomitantly with a dopa decarboxylase inhibitor (e.g., carbidopa).
Drug: Other Parkinson's Disease treatments
Participants may also receive other drugs as part of their usual ongoing treatment for Parkinson's Disease, such as dopamine agonists (e.g., pramipexole) and/or the catechol-O-methyl transferase (COMT) inhibitor entacapone.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   30 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Participants must be 30 years of age, of either sex and of any race, with a diagnosis of moderate to severe idiopathic Parkinson's disease for at least 5 years.
  • Women of childbearing potential must have a negative serum pregnancy test at Visit 2 (Week -1). If participant is postmenopausal (not surgically induced), she must be postmenopausal by history for at least 2 years before study entry. If not, proper birth control must be used.

Note: Acceptable methods of birth control include oral or injectable hormonal contraceptive, medically prescribed intrauterine device (IUD), and double-barrier method (eg, condom in combination with spermicide). Bilateral tubal ligation is an acceptable method of birth control for this study.

  • Participants' clinical laboratory tests (complete blood count [CBC], blood chemistries, and urinalysis) must be within normal limits or clinically acceptable to the investigator/sponsor.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Participants with any form of drug-induced or atypical parkinsonism, cognitive impairment (Mini-Mental State Examination [MMSE] score <=23), a history of Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders IV (DSM IV) diagnosed major depression, unstable mild depression or psychosis, or participants taking tolcapone will be excluded. (Participants with mild depression who are well controlled on a stable dose of an antidepressant medication for at least 4 weeks before screening will be eligible.)
  • All participants with a severe or ongoing unstable medical condition will be excluded including those with a history of poorly controlled diabetes, obesity associated with metabolic syndrome, uncontrolled hypertension, cerebrovascular disease, or any form of clinically significant cardiac disease, symptomatic orthostatic hypotension, renal failure, history of abnormal renal function, seizures, alcohol/drug dependence, or previous surgery for Parkinson's disease.
  • Average daily consumption of more than two 4-oz (120 mL) glasses of wine or their equivalent.
  • Because it is not known whether preladenant passes into breast milk and because the effects, if any, of preladenant on the developing human are unknown, women who are breastfeeding or who are considering breastfeeding are excluded from this trial.
  • Participants with allergy/sensitivity to study drug or its excipients.
  • Participants with any clinically significant condition or situation, other than the condition being studied that, in the opinion of the investigator, would interfere with the study evaluations or optimal participation in the study.
  • Participants who have used any other investigational drugs within 30 days of Screening.
  • Participants who are participating in any other clinical study.
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00406029

Sponsors and Collaborators
Merck Sharp & Dohme Corp.
Investigators
Study Director: Medical Director Merck Sharp & Dohme Corp.
  More Information

Publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
Responsible Party: Merck Sharp & Dohme Corp.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00406029     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: P04501
MK-3814-013 ( Other Identifier: Merck )
Study First Received: November 30, 2006
Results First Received: September 28, 2016
Last Updated: December 15, 2016

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Parkinson Disease
Movement Disorders
Dyskinesias
Nervous System Diseases
Brain Diseases
Neurodegenerative Diseases
Central Nervous System Diseases
Parkinsonian Disorders
Basal Ganglia Diseases
Neurologic Manifestations
Signs and Symptoms
Levodopa
Antiparkinson Agents
Anti-Dyskinesia Agents
Dopamine Agents
Neurotransmitter Agents
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Physiological Effects of Drugs

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on May 25, 2017