Effects of OA Decompression on the Autonomic Nervous System
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This study was designed to determine whether a simple manipulative technique of relaxing the tissues of the occipito-atlantal junction in the neck had any effect on the activity of the sympathetic or parasympathetic nervous system. Subjects were dark adapted then measures of pupillary activity, reflecting autonomic nervous system activity were taken before and after treatment. The study hypothesis was that thet treatment technique would have no effect on the pupillary measures, hence indicating no effect on autonomic system activity.
Condition or disease
Procedure: OA decompression manipulation
This study was a within subjects/crossover design in which each subject received the treatment and served as his/her own control. 100 subjects were recruited from the student/staff population of the university, were 18 y/o or older with no condition affecting pupillary activity. Pupillary activity was measured with a PLR100 pupillometer and included pupillary diameter, pupillary response latency, maximum constriction velocity and maximum redilation velocity. Subjects were adapted to a dim light environment, measures taken, treatment given at either third or fourth time period and measures retaken. The study was approved by the NSU IRB. Subject numbers were sufficient to have statistical power to find an effect. The study found an effect of treatment on maximum size, showing a decrease with treatment.
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Ages Eligible for Study:
18 Years and older (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:
Normal accommodation and pupillary response
Willing to undergo osteopathic manipulation
Active ocular or systemic disease
Neurologic disease that would alter pupillary response
Chronic pain syndromes of head or neck
Taking medications that would alter autonomic tone