A Double-Blind Sham Controlled Trial of rTMS in Treatment Resistant Major Depression
Recruitment status was: Recruiting
The main treatment option for Treatment Resistant Depression is electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) which is often effective but complicated by cognitive side effects, need for anaesthesia and considerable stigma.
In recent years considerable efforts have been made to increase public awareness about depression and increase access to services. However, the increasing number of patients accessing treatment for depression in clinical services is also likely to be accompanied by a sizeable increase in the number of patients with TRD. Despite the demand, relatively few treatment options are available to such patients. One of the only substantially new treatments developed for TRD in recent years has been the advent of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS). Repetitive TMS has been evaluated in over 20 trials conducted over the last 10 years. Previous research indicates that rTMS has antidepressant activity; however, the proportion of patients who respond to rTMS and the degree of treatment response demonstrated in trials to date is limited. The limitations of these studies include relatively small samples and limited duration of treatment (i.e., 2 weeks) as well as a lack of long term follow-up. As rTMS is gradually entering use in routine clinical practice (for example, recent regulation of its use in Canada), research is urgently required to establish ways to enhance treatment response both in regards to the extent of response within individuals and the proportion of individuals in whom rTMS has effects.
Stimulation site is another important treatment factor; thus far almost all of the trials of rTMS in TRD conducted have evaluated the utility of high frequency left prefrontal cortex (PFC) rTMS (HFL-TMS). In addition, several studies have evaluated the treatment efficacy of low frequency rTMS to right PFC (LFR-TMS). In a previously published study we have demonstrated that these two approaches have similar therapeutic benefit and both were superior to sham stimulation.
A promising new approach to enhance efficacy involves combining LFR-TMS and HFL-TMS in a sequential manner. We describe this as sequential bilateral rTMS (SB-rTMS). We have recently published the results of the first substantial evaluation of SB-rTMS showing not only a superiority to placebo in TRD but also a therapeutic response that is substantially superior to response rates in most of the published studies of unilateral rTMS (>50% of patients achieving standard criteria for clinical response compared to usually <30% in most studies). In this proposed research study, we will directly test the hypothesis that SB-rTMS produces a greater therapeutic response than HFL-TMS and compare both of these forms of stimulation to placebo (i.e., sham) stimulation.
|Study Design:||Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Official Title:||A Double-Blind Sham Controlled Trial of rTMS in Treatment Resistant Major Depression|
- The 17- item Hamilton Rating Scale for Depression (HAM-D) [ Time Frame: every 3 weeks ]
|Study Start Date:||January 2007|
|Estimated Study Completion Date:||January 2010|
Active Comparator: 1
Active Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation
Placebo Comparator: 2
Device: Sham TMS
Sham Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation
Show Detailed Description
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00402220
|Alfred Psychiatry Research Centre|
|Prahran, Victoria, Australia, 3181|
|Principal Investigator:||Paul B Fitzgerald, MBBS, MPM, PhD, FRANZCP||Alfred Psychiatry Research Centre|