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Use of Dexmedetomidine for Sedation During Flexible Bronchoscopy in Patients With COPD: A Descriptive Study

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00401206
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : November 20, 2006
Last Update Posted : November 4, 2007
Information provided by:
The Cooper Health System

Brief Summary:
To determine safety and effectiveness of dexmedetomidine when administered for conscious sedation during flexible bronchoscopy (FB) in patients with Chronic Obstructive pulmonary Disease (COPD).

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Sedation Flexible Bronchoscopy COPD Drug: dexmedetomidine Not Applicable

Detailed Description:

This is a pilot study designed to provide preliminary data on the use of dexmedetomidine for outpatient FB procedures requiring sedation. Clinical parameters such as vital signs, level of sedation, dosing and supplemental sedation, and measures of comfort will be evaluated in a population of patients with known Chronic Obstructive Lung Disease undergoing elective FB.

Patients with COPD scheduled for outpatient FB will be provided with an intravenous infusion of dexmedetomidine (1 mcg/kg/hr) (Precedex®: Hospira, Inc, Lake Forest, IL) over a 15-30 min period before the procedure and continued throughout the procedure. No loading dose will be used prior to start of infusion. The FB procedure will be conducted according to standard practice using routine monitoring technique.

This dosing regimen of 1.0 mcg/kg/hr was chosen because the loading dose will be omitted and since a previous review have documented a lack of adverse events with maintenance doses exceeding 1 mcg/kg/hr.

Drug infusion will be discontinued if any of the following adverse events are observed: recurrent apnea (Respiratory Rate <7) lasting more than 30 seconds over a 5 min observation period, sustained episodes (30 seconds) hemoglobin oxygen saturation lower than 90% over a 5 min observation period, decrease of heart rate to below 50 beats/min, mean arterial pressure below 70% of its initial value.

If needed, additional sedation will be provided with alternating doses of midazolam 1 mg, or Fentanyl 25 mcg for pain, agitation interfering with the completion of the procedure, or for persistent cough non-responsive to local lidocaine instillation. The amount of Fentanyl and versed used as an adjunct for conscious sedation will also be recorded as part of this study.

The quality of sedation will be assessed using the Richmond Agitation Sedation Scale. The quality of analgesia will be assessed using the 11-point (0-10) Numerical Pain Rating scale (NRS). The level of recovery from anesthesia and the return of psychomotor fitness will be assessed using the Modified Post anesthesia Discharge Scoring System (MPADSS). The duration of FB and the time from the end of the procedure to the patient reaching a score of 9 and 10 on the MPADSS (readiness for discharge) will also be measured.

Except for the measurements described above (NRS), no additional procedures will be performed for the purposes of this study.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 12 participants
Allocation: Non-Randomized
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Use of Dexmedetomidine for Sedation During Flexible Bronchoscopy in Patients With COPD: A Descriptive Study
Study Start Date : November 2006
Actual Study Completion Date : June 2007

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Safety and efficacy
  2. Level of sedation
  3. Pain rating

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Drug dosing
  2. Supplemental sedation

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Subject has COPD
  • Subject is ≥ 18 years of age
  • If female, subject is non-lactating and either not able to become pregnant or proven not to be pregnant and actively practicing birth control
  • Subject or subject's legally authorized representative has voluntarily signed and dated an informed consent after all has been explained and any/all questions answered

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Subject for whom α2 agonists are contraindicated
  • Subject for whom opiates, benzodiazepines, or dexmedetomidine are contraindicated or who has known or suspected serious allergy to any drug that might be administered during the course of the study

Subject meets any of the following cardiovascular criteria:

(A routine EKG will be performed for potential subjects prior to enrollment in order to screen for unrecognized conduction abnormalities.)

  • Acute unstable angina (defined during current hospital stay)
  • Myocardial infarction within 6 weeks of bronchoscopy
  • Suspicion of acute myocardial infarction
  • Known severe left ventricular failure
  • Heart rate < 50 bpm prior to infusion start
  • Systolic blood pressure less than 90 mmHg prior to infusion start
  • Conduction abnormalities except 1st degree AV block and rate-controlled atrial fibrillation; subjects with functional pacemaker capacity can be enrolled
  • Known severe liver disease
  • Subject requires dialysis (e.g., hemodialysis, peritoneal dialysis, CVVHD)
  • Subject has a known, uncontrolled seizure disorder
  • Subject on α-agonists or blockers

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT00401206

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United States, New Jersey
Cooper University Hospital
Camden, New Jersey, United States, 08103
Sponsors and Collaborators
The Cooper Health System
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Principal Investigator: Wissam Abouzgheib, MD The Cooper Health System
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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00401206    
Other Study ID Numbers: RP-06078
First Posted: November 20, 2006    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: November 4, 2007
Last Verified: November 2007
Keywords provided by The Cooper Health System:
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Hypnotics and Sedatives
Central Nervous System Depressants
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Analgesics, Non-Narcotic
Sensory System Agents
Peripheral Nervous System Agents
Adrenergic alpha-2 Receptor Agonists
Adrenergic alpha-Agonists
Adrenergic Agonists
Adrenergic Agents
Neurotransmitter Agents
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action