Family Consultation for Health-Compromised Smokers
|Study Design:||Allocation: Non-Randomized
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Official Title:||Phase 1 Study of Family Consultation for Change-Resistant Smokers|
- Point-Prevalence (PP): 30-day abstinence: Smoker and spouse report
- Percent days abstinence Smoker and spouse report
- Urges to smoke (self reports)
- Health (SF-36)
- Marital Satisfaction (Hendrick & Hendrick, 1993)
- State Relationship Questionnaire
|Study Start Date:||September 1999|
|Estimated Study Completion Date:||May 2003|
Although spousal support predicts the success of a smoker's cessation efforts, "social support" interventions based on teaching partners better support skills have had consistently disappointing results. In this Stage I (treatment development) study we examined the potential utility of a family-consultation (FAMCON) intervention based on family-systems theory.
Specifically, in this Phase-I study we developed, standardized, and pilot tested a systemic, couple-focused treatment for change-resistant smokers based on the assumption that a smoker's marital and family relationships play a key role in whether he or she continues to smoke.
The intervention provides up to 10 sessions of “family consultation” over 2-5 months to single- or dual-smoker couples in which at least one partner continued to smoke despite having lung disease, heart disease, or multiple cardiac risk factors.
The treatment focuses on the immediate social context of smoking, aiming both to interrupt well-intended “solutions” that ironically feed back to keep smoking going, and to help clients realign important relationships in ways not organized around tobacco use.
Participants were 20 couples in which one partner (the primary smoker) continued to smoke despite having or being at significant risk for heart or lung disease.
Results are promising. The 50% rate of stable abstinence achieved by primary smokers over 6 months (with 63% abstinence rates for secondary smokers) exceeds benchmark success rates reported in the literature for other, comparably intensive interventions, suggesting that a couple-focused intervention different in concept and format from social-support interventions tested in the past may hold promise for health-compromised smokers. The12-month cessation rates were 40% for primary smokers and 63% for secondary smokers.
The FAMCON approach appeared particularly well-suited to female smokers and smokers whose partner also smoked – two sub-groups at high risk for relapse.
Rohrbaugh, M.J., Shoham, V., Trost, S., Muramoto, M., Cate, R., & Leischow, S. (2001). Couple-dynamics of change resistant smoking: Toward a family-consultation model. Family Process, 40, 15 – 31.
Shoham, V., Rohrbaugh, M.J., Trost, S.E., & Muramoto, M. (in press). A family consultation (FAMCON) intervention for health-compromised smokers. Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00400751
|United States, Arizona|
|University of Arizona, Family Research Laboratory, Dept of Psychology|
|Tucson, Arizona, United States, 85721-0068|
|Principal Investigator:||Varda Shoham, Ph.D.||University of Arizona|
|Study Director:||Michael J. Rohrbaugh, Ph.D.||University of Arizona|