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Study of Induction Docetaxel, Cisplatin and 5-Fluorouracil

This study has been terminated.
(Safety reasons)
Sponsor:
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00400205
First Posted: November 16, 2006
Last Update Posted: November 6, 2017
The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
Collaborator:
Sanofi
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Nabil F. Saba, Emory University
  Purpose
This is a Phase II study designed to test the efficacy of chemotherapy with docetaxel, cisplatinum (cisplatin) and 5-fluorouracil in patients with squamous cell carcinoma of the oral cavity to determine what effects these agents may have on cancer cells.

Condition Intervention Phase
Squamous Cell Carcinoma Oral Cancer Drug: Docetaxel Drug: Cisplatin Drug: 5-fluorouracil Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Phase II Study of Induction Docetaxel, Cisplatin and 5-Fluorouracil Chemotherapy in Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Oral Cavity With Molecular Endpoints

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Nabil F. Saba, Emory University:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Number of Patients Who Had Response by RECIST Criteria (Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors) [ Time Frame: every 3 months ]
    Complete remission (complete disappearance of disease), partial remission [more than 30% decrease in tumor measurement by RECIST (Response evaluation criteria in solid tumors)].


Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Tumor Change by Baseline Acetylated Tubulin Expression Score [ Time Frame: Baseline, After 3 cycles of study treatment ]

    Percent change in TNM stage of tumors after three cycles of study treatment was assessed to see if baseline acetylated tubulin (AT) expression predicts treatment success. Decreasing tumor stage change (a negative number) indicates that the tumor is responding to treatment while an increase means that the severity of the tumor is not decreasing. Immunohistochemistry (IHC) analysis of AT expression was performed in formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded, pre-treatment tissues. The staining was scored based upon intensity according to the following criteria: 0=no staining, 1+=weak tumor staining, 2+=moderate tumor staining, 3+=moderate to high tumor staining, and 4+=high tumor staining.

    Data presented are adopted from Saba, NF, et. al. Acetylated Tubulin (AT) as a Prognostic Marker in Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Head and Neck. Head and Neck Pathology (2014) 8:66-72.



Enrollment: 14
Study Start Date: August 2006
Study Completion Date: September 2009
Primary Completion Date: September 2009 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Recipients of Docetaxel, Cisplatin, 5-Fluorouracil
Participants with squamous cell carcinoma receiving chemotherapy with docetaxel, cisplatinum, and 5-fluorouracil.
Drug: Docetaxel
Docetaxel 75 mg/m2, intravenous infusion over 1 hour, mixed with normal saline per institutional standard, day 1 and then every 3 weeks.
Other Name: Taxotere
Drug: Cisplatin
Cisplatin 100 mg/m2, intravenous infusion over 30 minutes to 3 hours, day 1 and then every 3 weeks.
Drug: 5-fluorouracil
5-fluorouracil 1000 mg/m2/day, 24 hour continuous infusion over 4 days, every 3 weeks.

Detailed Description:

This is a Phase II study designed to test the efficacy of chemotherapy with docetaxel, cisplatinum, and 5-fluorouracil in patients with squamous cell carcinoma of the oral cavity to determine what effects these agents may have on cancer cells.

Approximately 60 patients will take part at multi-sites with potentially 20 patients participating at the Emory Winship Cancer Institute in Atlanta, Georgia.

  Eligibility

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Histologically or cytologically proven squamous cell carcinoma of the oral cavity.
  • Primary tumor sites eligible: oral cavity. Although they are admittedly of squamous cell types, the following tumors will be excluded because their responsiveness to chemotherapy may differ: tumors of the nasal and paranasal cavities and of the nasopharynx. Oral cavity tumors with mandible invasion are excluded because the tumor biology and management of these tumors is more complex and will likely include upfront surgical resection.
  • Stage 3 or 4 disease without evidence of distant metastases verified by chest x-ray, abdominal ultrasound, or CT scan (liver function test abnormalities); bone scan in case of local symptoms.
  • At least one uni- or bi-dimensionally measurable lesion.
  • Age ≥ 18 years.
  • World Health Organization (WHO) performance status of 2 or less.
  • No active alcohol addiction.
  • Final eligibility for a clinical trial is determined by the health professionals conducting the trial.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Pregnant or breast feeding
  • Previous malignancies at other sites, with the exception of adequately treated in situ carcinoma of the cervix uteri, basal, or squamous cell carcinoma of the skin or other cancer curatively treated by surgery and with no evidence of disease for at least 5 years.
  • Any prior treatment with radiotherapy or chemotherapy is an exclusion criterion.
  • Patients who experience an involuntary weight loss of more than 25% of their body weight in the 2 months preceding study entry.
  • Concurrent treatment with any other anti-cancer therapy.
  • Participation in an investigational trial within 30 days of study entry.
  • Patients with a history of severe hypersensitivity reaction to Taxotere® or other drugs formulated with polysorbate 80.
  • No previous chemotherapy or radiotherapy for any reason and no previous surgery for SCCHN [squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck] (other than biopsy) are allowed at the time of study entry.
  • Final eligibility for a clinical trial is determined by the health professionals conducting the trial.
  Contacts and Locations
Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT00400205


Locations
United States, Georgia
Emory University Winship Cancer Institute
Atlanta, Georgia, United States, 30322
Sponsors and Collaborators
Emory University
Sanofi
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Nabil Saba, MD Emory University Winship Cancer Institute
  More Information

Publications:
Responsible Party: Nabil F. Saba, Professor, Emory University
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00400205     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 0414-2006
First Submitted: November 15, 2006
First Posted: November 16, 2006
Results First Submitted: December 6, 2010
Results First Posted: January 4, 2011
Last Update Posted: November 6, 2017
Last Verified: October 2017

Keywords provided by Nabil F. Saba, Emory University:
Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Oral Cavity

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Carcinoma
Carcinoma, Squamous Cell
Mouth Neoplasms
Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms
Neoplasms, Squamous Cell
Head and Neck Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Mouth Diseases
Stomatognathic Diseases
Docetaxel
Cisplatin
Fluorouracil
Antineoplastic Agents
Tubulin Modulators
Antimitotic Agents
Mitosis Modulators
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Antimetabolites
Antimetabolites, Antineoplastic
Immunosuppressive Agents
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs